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comms 361 6 wonders
Transcript of comms 361 6 wonders
Alex Dilley Our wonders of the World Yucatan,Mexico Chichen Itza Machu Picchu 4,500 years old
450 feet tall
The tallest man-made structure in the world for 3,800 years The Taj Mahal An “iconic symbol of Rome and its long, tumultuous history” (history) History and Significance •Machu Picchu was discovered on July 24th, 1911 by a Latin American History professor from Yale University, named Hiram Bingham.
•Hiram Bingham was traveling to Peru in search of the lost capitol of the Incas. And in the process found the beautiful Machu Picchu.
•Machu Picchu is located 7,970 ft (2,430 meters) above sea level, in the Cuzco region of Peru.
•It is situated on a mountain ridge right above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, and is surrounded by the Urubamba River, on three of the four sides. History and signifigance 2 •Machu Picchu was built in 1450 AD, was burned in 1562 AD and finally abandoned 10 years later.
•During that time there was not a written language and so that’s why we have so many unanswered questions about it.
oFor example, why did they build it where they did? Who built it? How did they build it?
•There is a theory that Machu Picchu is the ancient royal estate of Inca ruler, Pachacuti. The reason why some believe that is because Machu Picchu has features that resemble the royal estates built by the Incas What not to do! •When traveling to Peru there are a few things that you need to know:
oUsing your index finger to motion a person to approach you, as practiced in the United States and other places, is considered rude. A more polite way to beckon someone is to place the palm down and gently sweep your fingers toward you.
oDO NOT use the word “Indio” it is deeply offensive in Peru, it’s like saying the “N” word in the United States. (Even though it is Spanish, locals get offended because it was used by the Spanish Conquerors). Intresting facts •The word “Machu Picchu” in the Quechua Indian Language means, “Old peak” or “Old Mountain.”
•Machu Picchu has more than 150 buildings, and 100 separate flights of stairs.
•In the process of making this wonderful empire, the men must have pushed, by hand, all the stone up the very steep hill in order to get it to where it is. They did not have wheels or anything like that to help them bring the stone up.
•There are so many different theories regarding Machu Picchu’s purpose, and since there was no written language back then, that’s why there are so many unanswered questions.
•Only 2,500 people are permitted at Machu Picchu each day, to preserve the world wonder. And it is best to buy your ticket in advance for that reason. The Great Pyramid of Giza The pyramid complex The only known depiction of the Pharaoh Khufu How the pyramids might have looked originally How they look now The chambers within the pyramid Tourism has decreased recently due to civil unrest in the city of Cairo. The pyramid, found on the US dollar bill Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal On the banks of a river Interior •In the third century, Qin Shi Huang became China’s first emperor
•Emperor Qin added to the previous walls and fortifications, dating back the 8th century The Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 AD) constructed the longest portion of the Great Wall •The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) constructed the Great Wall as it exist today
•After territory expansion, defensive reformation and additions called for the use of skilled labor in addition to the soldiers, peasants and convicts. •Badaling is located 43 miles from Beijing
•The most visited portion of the Great Wall as well as the portion that receives the most restoration work Matianyu Simatai •Maitainyu is the second most visited portion
•Simatai has little to no restoration provided and more physically demanding •Be sure to have some sort of sun protection-umbrella, hat, and or sun screen
•Stay hydrated and wear comfortable shoes
•Don’t make yourself a target for pick pockets •The Great Wall of China is 13,170 miles long
•Not visible from the moon
•In 1987, added to the UNESCO world heritage list •Time and weather with lack of restoration and erased some parts and slowly deteriorating the rest
•Graffiti and trash are also a major problem •July 9th 2005 Danny Way became the first individual to jump the Great Wall of China without a motorized vehicle
•The stunt was performed at the Jiangyuguan pass History and Significance Existed from 300bc-1500
Advanced written language
Experts in mathematics El Castillo 90 feet This structure is a younger one than the original
Calendar is incorporated,
Most famous for fall and spring equinox game played Hips/Elbows/Shoulders to reenact the movements of the sun and stars
if you scored, you were destined to be sacrificed!
13 courts throughout the site Jewlery (Jade)
Human Bones Artifacts found Tourism Tips what to bring Hat and sunscreen
comfortable shoes and Water! What not to Do! Avoid only consuming Alcohol
Do not pay first quoted price
Do not get into a taxi unless price is set
Do not go out Nude!
Do not forget you're camera! Facts about Chichen Itza Chichen Itza is the Most visited spot in all of Mexico
If survived being thrown in the cenote, you were said to gain the power of prophecy, that’s why it was sacred
2006 a women fell to her death- now the pyramids are closed to foot traffic
El Castillo is most Famous for the Spring and Fall equinox a shadow is casted that looks just like a snake (Serpent) down the side of the Pyramid
A hand cap outside El Castillo sounds like Bird chirp The Colosseum (Colosseo) Originally The Flavian Amphitheater
Built AD 70-72 By Emperor Vespasion
Completed AD 80 And opened by Titus with 100 days of games as celebration Information:
620 feet x 513 feet
Height is 175 feet
Perimeter was 1788 feet
4 stories with three stories for spectators
Around 80 arches served as entrances, and were all supported by semi-circular columns
primarily out of stone and concrete
Underground passageways served as backstage
Awnings unfurled to protect the audience Scale replica of how the Colosseum would have looked Significance:
The Arch of Constantine (which is located near the main entrance) was added in AD 315 in honour of Constantine I’s victory over Maxentius at Pons Milvius.
Emperor Vespasion built it as a gift for the public including
Events observed included: gladiator fights, wild animal fights, hunts, and large mock combats.
With the rise of roman power, the Colosseum was the center for public entertainment, but with the decline of roman power (around AD 476), the Colosseum also began to fall into disrepair Travel Tips:
Keep and open mind at all times.
Literally follow the idea of “When in Rome…”
Don’t be ethnocentric. One should attempt and see the world around them as it was and is and not how one thinks it should be.
One should be aware of the fact that they are the tourists and should not anger at the locals for being locals.
One should read up on the local history so that they can be aware of it while they tour.
Romans are very expressive and tend to share their opinions, thoughts and emotions, so don’t freak out too much.
Always keep some Euros with you just in case.
Pedestrians may have the right-of-way but proceed with caution when crossing not at a crosswalk because traffic can be crazy.
The water is okay to drink.
Drink espressos as a shot, in one gulp. And cappuccinos are for the mornings.
Don’t expect bread to come with adornments in a restraint Fun Facts:
The Colosseum could be flooded for mock naval combats.
There was a basement backstage area where the animals and gladiators were stored. With pulleys, ramps, and hand operated elevators to move the equipment used.
Over 1 million animals were killed in the course of its life.
The last recorded games were held in the sixth century.
The south side collapsed during an earthquake.
3.9 million Visitors visit every year. Parts of the Underground tunnels A standing monument to an ancient civilization that changed the world, the Colosseum brought entertainment and community to a culture and brought together the citizens
Use of the Colosseum spanned over for centuries before coinciding with the fall of Rome in AD 476 and falling into disrepair and neglect.
Restoration efforts had began in the 1990’s, preserving the third of the Colosseum still standing. Last remarks