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How the Sociolinguistic Theory works in the classroom: (Prek
Transcript of How the Sociolinguistic Theory works in the classroom: (Prek
The Sociolinguistic Theory basically states that our social upbringing is directly related to our education.
Apel & Masterson, 2001; Snow, Burns, & Griffin, 1998
The use of literature circles was developed by educators that believed that students benefit from talking to each other about books, but they need to be structured conversations to help them stay on task. Literature circles emphasize the importance of students bringing knowledge and artifacts from their own lives (their cultures) into their discussions.
Along with literature circles you can assign students
different jobs that students can perform in response
to their reading and share during circle time.
How the Sociolinguistic Theory works in the classroom: (Prek-3rd Grade)
Create a language experience chart, which is a story based on a shared experience that is written collaboratively by the teacher and young students on chart paper. This experience is usually based on a class trip or special event. Decide on starting sentence and teacher ask for additional sentences concentrating on grammar rules and punctuation.
Students reread the whole story. They look for target words. This chart helps the readers' literacy development.
(Tracy & Morrow, 2012, p.136)
The morning message is a variation on the language experience chart.
Students/teachers collaborate to write a message of the day's activities.
Basic process of construction and rereading the text remains the same.
Teacher can refer to morning message throughout the day.
Both the learning experience chart and morning message are consistent with the Sociolinguistic Theory.
How the Sociolinguistic Theory Works in the Classroom: (3rd grade and up)
Literature Circles and the English Language Learner:
Literature circles are well suited for English Language Learners (ELL) because they can listen and learn from their peers and will experience less
stress speaking to a buddy or partner than in front of the whole class.
It is especially valuable to pair ELLs with other students from their same language and/or cultural background.
Technology that is available:
Teacher websites and wikis
Inform and involve parents, which enhances home-school interaction.
Students can collaborate on documents/presentations
Allows students to build on and refine their knowledge in a social setting.
Facilitates online discussions
Student-created book reviews, digital class books, and slideshows.
New literacies emerge that require
a new set of sign systems. Students
have to construct new knowledge
through discussions using these new systems.
ePals Global Community connects students around the world. Partnered with National Geographic and it is free. Students can create culminating presentations. Teachers can also choose to create their own projects. Wonderful for collaboration through email.
Sociolinguistic theorist who study reading believe that oral language is the foundation upon which children's reading and writing achievement is built.
Students that come from different social and economic backgrounds respond differently to classroom experiences. Children are exposed to language events at home that support their literacy development. The experiences a child receives at school may be different from at home.
Tracy & Morrow, 2012, pp.136-143)
Language in the Communities
Children from at-risk communities often do not gain familiarity with conventional English. The reason is because of the primary language spoken at home may not be English and if so it may be dialectical rather than standard English.
Study of Word Usage in the Home
Studies of vocabulary acquisition shows (Hart and Risley, 1995, 1999) estimated over a year's time period.
* Children from professional homes are exposed to 11.2 million words.
* Children from middle-class homes are exposed to 6.5 million words.
* Children from welfare homes are exposed to 3.2 million words.
Basil Bernstein 1924-2000
Basil Bernstein was a British sociologist who first suggested that there was a connection between your "language ability" and your "personal power in society"
Why is this important today?
Having more Oral Language understanding will make children more fluent readers.
It gives children better vocabulary and comprehension skills. ( apel & masterson, 2001; Snow, Burns & griffin, 1998)
Ell students use linguistics to learn to bond, identify with others, indicate empathy, and solidarity. ( Regan, 2010)
Habits of speech such as word choice, accent, how and when to speak, how soft or loudly to speak, phrases, comments, and how to stand are also part of sociolinguistics (Tracey, Morrow 2012)