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Religion Vocabulary- AP Human Geography

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by

Ashley Aquino

on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of Religion Vocabulary- AP Human Geography

Ashley Aquino
Religion Vocabulary
Doctrine in which world is seen as being infused with spiritual and supernatural powers
Animism
is self-sufficient; confines interaction with other communities to loose cooperation and shared ideas
Autonomous Religion
Major divisions of a religion, usually no more than 5
Branch
Set of religious beliefs about origins of universe
Cosmogony
Denomination
Diocese
Ethnic Religion
Fundamentalism
Ghetto
Hierarchical Religion
Interfaith Boundary
Intrafaith Boundary
Monotheism
Pilgrimage
Polytheism
Religion
Sect
Secularism
Shamanism
Syncretism
Traditional Religion
Tribal Religion
Universalizing Religion
Zionism
A particular religious group; a subdivision of a religious branch
Religion that is identified with a particular ethnic or tribal group and which
does NOT seek new converts
Strict adherence to a particular doctrine; major cause of problems in both Middle East and Ireland
A segregated area within a city; historically the part of a city inhabited by Jews
The worship of only ONE god
A journey to a place of religious importance
EX.
most widely known is the Islamic
Hajj
, a pilgrimage all Muslims must take at least once in their life to the city of Makkah (Mecca), if physical and economic situation allow
The worship of MORE THAN ONE god
Term of a local religion in which one person takes one role of priest, counselor, and physician- claims to communicate with supernatural world
Traditions from both past and present religions which combine to make new traditions
Religion that seeks to unite people from all over the globe
A religious district, mainly in Christianity, whose people all go to the same bishop/pastor for spiritual guidance
NOTE: there are several thousand within R. Catholic church; divides into parishes; a bishop's HQ is usually in largest diocese
Has a well-defined geographic structure & organizes territory into local administrative units
EX.
R. Catholicism-
Hierarchy:
Pope, *Cardinals, Archbishops, Bishops, Priests
EX.

Judaism
- very hard to convert to because you must be born into it; only the children of God were promised the kingdom of heaven- Jews are the original children of God who received the promise of Abraham
EX.
Protestant Branch has many denominations in US- 3 of which are Baptist, Lutheran, Latter-Day Saints (Mormons)
EX.
Confucianism says the universe originated from both ying and yang forces
EX.
Buddhism has 3 main branches: Theravada, Mahayana and Tantrayana (aka Vajrayana)
EX.
Islam- highly fundamentalist, little to no interaction with other groups of people; violent to those who DO interact with people and ideas of other cultures
EX.
Mainly in N. Africa; rocks, plants and natural events have cognizant life or deities w/in them
EX.
Christianity and Islam; worship of deity other than God(
Allah
) is classified as paganism or idolatry
EX.
Buddhism and Hinduism are polytheistic religions which worship more than one deity and may even combine with beliefs and deities of
other
religions
A practice amongst people of the world which varies in characteristics and traditions but has one common factor: the belief in otherworldly powers which influence humanity's life on Earth
EX.
Shintoism, Animism, Christianity, Islam
A relatively small group which has broken away from am established denomination
EX.

Russian Orthodox Church
is a
sect
of the
Eastern Orthodox church
which is a
denomination
of the
Roman Catholic Church
which is a
branch
of
Christianity
The separation of church and state
EX.

USA
=
secular
- church has no sway over govt. actions or results
Vatican City, Rome
=
non-secular
- govt. is the Roman Catholic Church
EX.
Hmong people of China- believe illness, death and dreams are related to spirits on Earth which influence fortune. If a human is ill because his soul is lost, the shaman will ask an animal to provide his soul to the human for 12 months, after which time the animal's soul is released and sent into a higher plane of existence.
EX. Anglican and Christianity:
Sync. in Africa; worship God but also ancestors; men w/ multiple wives may keep them but not add more in order to adhere to Christianity
subdivision of Ethnic/Indigenous/ Folk religion; aka...
Tribal Religion
small size
close ties to nature
unique identity- localized culture groups not completely absorbed into modern society
subdivision of Ethnic/Indigenous/ Folk religion; aka...
Traditional Religion
small size
close ties to nature
unique identity- localized culture groups not completely absorbed into modern society
EX.
3 main
universalizing
religions are
Christianity
,
Islam
and
Buddhism
(
Hinduism
is 3rd in terms of adherents but it is an
ethnic
religion).
Worldwide movement in 1800s; sought to establish and grow Jewish nation in Palestine; since 1948 fxn. has been to support state of Israel
A boundary
between
the world's major faiths
A boundary
within
a major religion
Confucius
From this
minaret
a man known as a
muzzan
makes the Islam call to prayer. This call is made five times a day.
There has been confusion among Jews about the true meaning of Zionism. Because the founder was highly in favor of secularism and did not practice or believe in the Torah, many think Zionism is a movement for secularism in Israel. In actuality there have been pro-religion Jewish Zionists from the start. Like any other party, there are variations in beliefs though they may be united in one cause.
EX.
Religions are separated based on what they believe:
Buddhists' prophet is Buddha
Christianity's prophet is Jesus
Islam's prophet is Muhammad
EX. Buddhism has 3 major branches:
Theravada
Mahayana
Vajrayana
"way of the elders"
"greater vehicle"
the Kabbah
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