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U.S. History TAKS Review

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by

Andy Kindred

on 26 April 2012

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Transcript of U.S. History TAKS Review

U.S. History TAKS REVIEW Dates 1607--Jamestown 1776-Declaration of Independence 1787-Constitution 1803-Louisiana Purchase 1861-1865--Civil War 1620-Mayflower Compact Unit 1: Colonization Jamestown was founded in
1607 and was the first successfull English Colony Tobacco and John Smith
made it a success Swamps & mosquitos did lead to
the Starving Time. The Pilgrims landed off the
Coast of Present day Massachusetts They wrote the Mayflower Compact
to organize the Plymouth Colony The British then sailed across the Atlantic and settled the 13 colonies The New England colonies were Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, & New Hampshire The soil was rocky and thin.
This led to shipbuilding as a major
economic resource Most New England Colonies were
founded for religious reasons. The Middle Colonies were
New York, Pennsylvania,
Delaware, & New Jersey It is a very diverse area that is known
as the Breadbasket Colonies. The Southern Colnies were South
& North Carolina, Maryland, Virginia,
and Georgia The economy of the South was
based on agriculture with cash
crops such as tobacco that was
grown on plantations. A majority of the work was
done by slaves. The colonies were under
British Rule. They used
mercantilism which was an
economic theory in which
the colonies benefit the
Mother Country though
imports, exports, & trade. After the French & Indian War
the British began to heavily tax
the colonies Acts such as the Stamp
Act, Tea Act, & Quartering
Act eventually led to events
like the Boston Massacre and
Tea Part Americans decided it
was time to fight for their
independence. The first battles of the American Revolution
were fought at Lexington and Concord On July, 4 1776 the
Founding Father's
officially declared
independence from
England Thomas Jefferson
wrote the Declaration
of Independence Jefferson said that "all
men were created equal"
and that we had
unalienable rights The battle of Saratoga
was a turning point in
the Revolution. The French
allied with the Patriots The Battle of Yorktown
was the final battle of
the American Revolution Key People of the American Revolution George Washington
was the Commander of
the Continental Army. Thomas Paine wrote Common
Sense which inspired the colonists
to break apart from England Ben Franklin was an inventor and delegate from Pennsylvania that convinced the French to ally with the Patriots Sam Adams was the
founder of the Sons of Liberty King George III was
the King of England
during the Revolution Patrick Henry was the
fiery Virginian that said
"Give Me Liberty or
Give Me Death" The Colonists signed the Treaty
of Paris where England officially
recognized their Independence. The Constitution that
was running the new country
was the Articles of Confederation It was a weak document that gave the states all the power. The Founding Fathers decided to write a new constitution. The Virginia plan favored the large, populated states The New Jersey Plan favored the small states. The Great Compromise took ideas from both plans and created a bicameral legislature (Senate & House of Representatives) The 3/5 (three-fifths) Compromise settled the issue of how slaves would be counted for representation in Congress Powers in the Constitution
1. Separation of Powers
2. Checks & Balances
3. Popular Sovereignty
4. Federalism
5. Limited Government Federalists were those in favor of the new Constitution. They included Hamilton, Madison, & Jay who wrote the Federalist Papers Anti-Federalists (P. Henry) opposed the Constitution and wanted a Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights were the first ten amendments added to the U.S. Constitution.
Examples are: Freedom of Speech, Religion, etc..(1), Bear Arms (2) Due Process (5), Jury Trial (7) George Washington was elected as the
First President of the United States.
He set many precedents (examples). John Adams was the 2nd President, husband of Abigail, and delegate to the Continental Congress from Massachusetts. Thomas Jefferson was the 3rd President and accomplished the Louisiana Purchase which doubled the size of the U.S. Jefferson sent Lewis & Clark to explore the territory. They were aided by Sacajawea. Marbury v. Madison also occured when Jefferson was President. This established judicial review which strengthened the National Government. Jefferson was a Democratic-Republic and believed in States' Rights James Madison, also known as the "Father of the Constitution" was the 4th President of the United States Madison would go to war against the British in what was called the War of 1812. The final battle of the war was the Battle of New Orleans. James Monroe was the 5th President and his two terms were called the "Era of Good Feelings" Monroe signed the Monroe Doctrine which kept Europe out of the Western Hemisphere Andrew Jackson was the 7th President of the United States. Jackson dealt with issues such as:
1) Bank War
II) Nullification Crisis
III) Trail of Tears --Industrial Revolution-- Goods that were once made by hand were now made by machine. Robert Fulton used steam power to run the
steam engine. The factory system was mostly in the North Eli Whitney invented to Cotton Gin
& interchangeable parts This created "King" Cotton
in the agricultural South <--MANIFEST DESTINY This said that the fate of the United States
was to reach from the Atlantic to Pacific. We acquired the Oregon territory
when James K. Polk became President Due to the annexation of Texas, the U.S. went to war with Mexico With the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo the U.S. gained most of the Southwest which was called the Mexican Cession. With Manifest Destiny complete and the discovery of gold, people poured into California in 1849 calling it the Gold Rush Reform Movement People were inspired to change society for the better. The Women's Rights Movement
began at Seneca Falls, New York Leaders were Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony They wrote the Declaration of Sentiments based on the Declaration of Independence. Abolitionists were also attempting to end slavery Leaders were:
1. Frederick Douglass
2. Sojourner Truth
3. Harriet Tubman Events Leading to the Civil War Uncle Tom's Cabin
by Harriet Beecher Stowe Compromise of 1850 John Brown & Harper's Ferry Dred Scott Decision Election of 1860 The Battle of Ft. Sumter
began the Civil War The Battle of Gettsyburg was the
Turning Point of the Civil War At Appomattox Courthouse, General Lee surrendered to General Grant to end the Civil War Leaders of the Civil War Abraham Lincoln was President
of the United States and issued
the Emancipation Proclamation freeing
all slaves in the South Ulysses S. Grant was
the Commander for the
Union troops. Jefferson Davis was
President of the
Confederacy. Robert E. Lee was the Commander for the Confederacy RECONSTRUCTION Rebuilding of the nation after the Civil War Reconstruction Amendments
#13--Freed the slaves
#14--Gave citizenship to the freedmen
#15--Right to vote to former male slaves After Lincoln's Assassination,
Radical Republican made it difficult
for the South to return to the Union GOOD LUCK TOMORROW!

YOU'LL DO GREAT!
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