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BIBL 102 (Sp '15) T10 - Word Studies

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Hartmut Scherer

on 12 February 2015

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Transcript of BIBL 102 (Sp '15) T10 - Word Studies

- season that follows winter
- jumping ability
- metal support
- source of water
Word Studies
The goal of a word study is “to try to understand as precisely as possible what the author was trying to convey by his use of this word in this context.” –Gordon Fee
Common word study fallacies
English-only fallacy
Determine what the word could mean
Decide what the word means in your context
(Adapted from Zondervan Academic Resources for "Grasping God's Word)
Root fallacy
Time-frame fallacy
Overload fallacy
Word-count fallacy
Word-concept fallacy
Selective-evidence fallacy
- word study is only based on English
- assumes the real meaning in the
components of its root
- usually occurs when a current
popular meaning is read back into the
Bible or vice versa
- uses all possible meanings of a word
- happens when we insist that a word
has always the same meaning
- a concept is bigger than one word
- using only the evidence which
supports a favored interpretation
Choose your words carefully
Most words will have several different meanings, but will normally carry only one of those meanings in a particular context.
Words are like pieces of a puzzle, fitting together to bring the larger picture to life.
Word studies take time and you cannot possibly study every word.
words that are crucial
repeated words
figures of speech
unclear, puzzling, or difficult words
Semantic range
– all the possible meanings of a word
E.g., “spring” ?
Finding the semantic range of a word
English word
Use a concordance
Check, how is the word used in the immediate context of each occurrence
Select from all possible meanings
Start with the
immediate context.
Use the other circles to help you decide.
For more help, ask the following questions:
Is there a contrast or a comparison?
Does the subject matter or topic dictate a word meaning?
Does the author’s usage of the same word elsewhere in a similar context help you decide?
Does the author’s argument in the book suggest a meaning?
Does the historical-cultural situation tilt the evidence in a certain direction?
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