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Language Acquisition

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by

Iris Mutiz

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Language Acquisition

Language Acquisition Myths and Facts NOTIONS Language acquisition Language learning Mother tongue language acquisition Second language acquisition/learning Foreign language acquisition/learning Stages in Language Acquisition A. CONTEXT Español English Français B. Acquiring major structural properties of the target language C. Considering the particular way in which the target language deploys its grammatical devices D. Socialization Universal Grammar Grammar of the spoken language MYTH FACT VS Adults can’t learn a foreign language Furthermore Adult Learners, inter alia,

a) enjoy the bliss of a more extensive background knowledge,
b) have more highly developed cognitive systems,
c) are able to make higher order associations and generalizations,
d) can integrate new language input with their already substantial learning experience Nonetheless, according to Schulz & Elliott, 2000, adult learners…


decline in visual and hearing abilities,
may feel uncomfortable in mixed-generational classes
may also experience a decline in their ability to perform effortful learning activities (taking notes and rehearsing information),
smaller working memory capacity,
reduced rates of processing information,
Difficulties with retrieval processes
More difficulty retaining information
the tip-of-the tongue (TOT) phenomenon But…
Language learning is part of human nature.
Humans are genetically endowed with knowledge about the possible structures of human language, and of the set of principles, or linguistic universals, which capture characteristics of human languages. You need translation to learn Translation is a different skill. It occurs after a language has been acquired.
Machine translation, etc.

What you need is...

IMMERSION You have to write/jot down Writing helps you…
FORGET!!! language learning equals skill learning. Some languages are harder than others All humans are created equal, ……
as all languages. There is no money in languages Marketability and jobs.
In Jamaica,
The “golden belt”
Translation and interpretation
Job security in teaching
Job opportunities abroad. It takes too long to learn a language

Be fluent in 3 months… communicative approach, conversation (in and outside the classroom).
My advise: The 15-20 minutes daily routine.
Learning a language is a like learning any other skill, practice makes it perfect.
Learning language is a brain activity, and the brain is a muscle. The more you exercise it, the fitter it will be!! Some Tips Use every opportunity
Don’t be afraid of “mistakes and or errors”. There will necessarily be “negative” transfers (remember the principles of Universal grammar, which determine specific genetically encoded structures within the human brain; as well as the principles of the grammar of the mother tongue.) More tips… Think big (language knowledge will help you more than just travelling. It enhances cultural awareness, human and other values, lifestyle, JOBS. Corporations even include a language design as part of their strategic planning. Language strategies have an impact on information, power, global integration, local responsiveness.
Relax… Why are engineers, policemen and doctors harder to teach than lawyers and teachers????
Language is not an exact science. A It Dat! Muchas Gracias Thanks Merci Beacoup Tankiu!!!
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