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What life was like in Nazi Germany
Transcript of What life was like in Nazi Germany
Hitler wanted a traditional way of life for women and wanted them to know were their place is.
Hitler's policies Children experienced many changes to their lives when the Nazis took over Germany. Some of which were the Hitler Youth, the League of German Maidens and lots of changes to their education including Nazi theory, and rewritten textbooks. All anti Nazi teachers were sacked and Nazi approved teachers were put in their place. Also Jews were separated from German children at first, then they were removed to a special school and then they recieved no education at all.
In the Hitler Youth young German boys were taught they neccesary skills to join the army like teamwork and how to shoot a pistol. They also went to summer camps and recieved military training. By 1934 the Hitler Youth had 3.5 million members and it was the largest youth movement in the world.
Some children did not like the Nazi way of life and they did their best to disrupt it. They did all the things Hitler didnt want them to do like listen to jazz and wear make-up and smoke. If these children were caught they would be executed. "Kusche, Kirche, Kinder"
Kitchen, Church, Children 1935 1934 Workers in Nazi Germany were paid a lot of money and could afford food, cars and even luxury holidays. The only workers that were displeased by this were the farmers and agricultural workers because the food they grew was being sold cheap all over Germany. However many Germans recieved very little pay as they had no valuable skills but they were but to work building roads. 1933 The "Typical German" woman would have and wear;
- blonde hair
- blue eyes
-skirts, around the shin level
-hair platted or in buns
- no make-up
Women would not be allowed to smoke and drink as it would cause health problems and may effect any future children Women would be encouraged to have have many children and would be awarded meadals acording to the ammount of children they had.
bronze for 4 children
silver for 6 children
gold for 8 children
1936 1937 Newly married women were given a marage loan to pay for the wedding this could be payed off by the ammount of children they had. Totalitarian movement led by Adolf Hitler as head of Germany's Nazi Party (1920–45). Its roots lay in the tradition of Prussian militarism and discipline and German Romanticism, which celebrated a mythic past and proclaimed the rights of the exceptional individual over all rules and laws. Its ideology was shaped by Hitler's beliefs in German racial superiority and the dangers of communism. It rejected liberalism, democracy, the rule of law, and human rights, stressing instead the subordination of the individual to the state and the necessity of strict obedience to leaders. It emphasized the inequality of individuals and “races” and the right of the strong to rule the weak. Politically, National Socialism favoured rearmament, reunification of the German areas of Europe, expansion into non-German areas, and the purging of “undesirables,” especially Jews.
In 1939 when the war started women were encouraged to start work again but many of them had adjusted to Hitler's original policies toward women and were reluctant to go back to work. Women Anyone who sees and paints a sky green and fields blue ought to be sterilized.
Adolf Hitler's view on abstract art.
This is the image hitler wanted children to be.
He alone, who owns the youth, gains the future.
1938 What life was really like If you were a german and not jewish and you were either a nazi or had blonde hair blue eyes, or anything hitler liked, you were pretty much good...but if you were anything hitler didn't like, you were doomed for death or concentration camps which is the same thing as death/torture.
IF you were a german kid who wasnt jewish, you would witness jewish people being tortured in the streets..there was the Hitler Youth, and kids were being brainwashed...if you didn't agree with what was going on it was spoken within the home, or not expressed at all.
Some people continued their normal lives and just agreed with what Hitler was doing. If you were jewish, you were in panic, either hiding, trying to to leave the country, or already taken.
1939 Here you can see Hitler heiling German troops as they "Goose Step" past him. On the bottom left you can see the leader of the SS Heinrich Himmler. The Jews in Nazi Germany suffered appallingly after January 1933.Some rich Jews could afford to leave Nazi Germany (or were forced to) but many could not. Thugs in the SA and SS were given a free hand in their treatment of the Jews. The Jews were frequently referred to in "Mein Kampf" and Hitler had made plain his hated for them. References to the "filthy Jew" litter the book. In one section, Hitler wrote about how the Jews planned to "contaminate" the blood of pure Germans: Jews in nazi germany "The Jewish youth lies in wait for hours on end.......spying on the unsuspicious German girl he plans to seduce..........He wants to contaminate her blood and remove her from the bosom of her own people. The Jew hates the white race and wants to lower its cultural level so that the Jews might dominate."
"Was there any form of filth or crime...without at least one Jew involved in it. If you cut even cautiously into such a sore, you find like a maggot in a rotting body, often dazzled by the sudden light - a Jew."
In 1920, Hitler announced to the very small Nazi Party the Five Points of national Socialism. One of these stated:
"None but members of the nation may be citizens of the State. None but those of German blood may be members of the nation. No Jew, therefore, may be a member of the nation."
Early on in his political career, Hitler continued with his anti-Semitism:
"His is no master people; he is an exploiter: the Jews are a people of robbers. He has never founded any civilisation, though he has destroyed civilisations by the hundred...everything he has stolen. Foreign people, foreign workmen build him his temples, it is foreigners who create and work for him, it is foreigners who shed their blood for him."
Speech given in Munich in July 1922.
Once in power, Hitler used his position to launch a campaign against the Jews that culminated in the Holocaust.
Hitler blamed the Jews for all the misfortunes that had befallen Germany
the loss of the First World War was the result of a Jewish conspiracy
the Treaty of Versailles was also a Jewish conspiracy designed to bring Germany to her knees
the hyperinflation of 1923 was the result of an international Jewish attempt to destroy Germany
During the time when Weimar Germany was seemingly recovering under Stresseman, what Hitler said about the Jews remained nonsense listened to by only the few - hence his poor showing at elections prior to the 1929 Depression. During the impact of the Great Depression, though, when people became unemployed and all looked helpless, Hitler's search for a scapegoat proved a lot more fruitful.
After January 1933, the Jews became the "Untermenschen" - the sub-humans. Nazi thugs stopped Germans from shopping in Jewish shops. By 1934, all Jewish shops were marked with the yellow Star of David or had the word "Juden" written on the window. SA men stood outside the shops to deter anyone form entering. This was not necessarily a violent approach to the Jews - that was to come later - but it was an attempt to economically bankrupt them and destroy what they had spent years building up.
On buses, trains and park benches, Jews had to sit on seats marked for them. Children at schools were taught specifically anti-Semitic ideas. Jewish school children were openly ridiculed by teachers and the bullying of Jews in the playground by other pupils went unpunished. If the Jewish children responded by not wanting to go to school, then that served a purpose in itself and it also gave the Nazi propagandists a reason to peddle the lie that Jewish children were inherently lazy and could not be bothered to go to school.
In 1935, the Nuremberg Laws were passed. The Jews lost their right to be German citizens and marriage between Jews and non-Jews was forbidden. It was after this law that the violence against the Jew really openly started. Those that could pay a fine were allowed to leave the country. Many could not and many shops refused to sell food to those who remained. Medicines were also difficult to get hold of as chemists would not sell to Jews.
The campaign against the Jews stopped for a short duration during the Berlin Olympics - but once the overseas press had gone, it started up again. It reached a pre-war peak in 1938 with Krystalnacht - The Night of the Broken Glass.
In November 1938, a Nazi 'diplomat' was shot dead by a Jew in Paris. Hitler ordered a seven day campaign of terror against the Jews in Germany to be organised by Himmler and the SS. On the 10th November, the campaign started. 10,000 shops owned by Jews were destroyed and their contents stolen. Homes and synagogues were set on fire and left to burn. The fire brigades showed their loyalty to Hitler by assuming that the buildings would burn down anyway, so why try to prevent it? A huge amount of damage was done to Jewish property but the Jewish community was ordered to pay a one billion mark fine to pay for the eventual clear-up. Jews were forced to scrub the streets clean.
The Hitler Youth (German: Hitler-Jugend, abbreviated HJ) was a paramilitary organization of the Nazi Party. It existed from 1922 to 1945. The HJ was the second oldest paramilitary Nazi group, founded one year after its adult counterpart, the Sturmabteilung (the SA). It was made up of the Hitlerjugend proper, for male youth ages 14–18; the younger boys' section Deutsches Jungvolk for ages 10–14; and the girls' section Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM, the League of German Girls). The Hitler Youth The first NSDAP-related organization of German youth was the Jugendbund der NSDAP.Its establishment by the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP, the German Nazi Party, was announced on 8 March 1922 in the Völkischer Beobachter, and its inaugural meeting was held on 13 May the same year.In April 1924 the Jugendbund der NSDAP was renamed Grossdeutsche Jugendbewegung (Greater German Youth Movement). Active:
2.3 Million (1933)
Blut und Ehre
("Blood and Honor")
Opposition Groups There where many different groups that opposed the Nazis. These included the Edelweiss Pirates, the White Rose Group and the Swing Movement . During the second world war many german citizens started to loose faith in Hitler and most refused to salute the Nazi salute. Some tried to kill Hitler but never did.
Brought firmly under control of Nazis.
• All teachers had to swear an oath of allegiance to Hitler and follow party line.
• Jewish teachers were sacked.
• 23 elite schools were set up, called 'National Political Institutions'. These were run by the SS and were intended to provide future leaders of the future.
• Curriculum was carefully controlled. R.E. was scrapped and P.E. lessons doubled.
There was an introduction of textbooks written from a Nazi perspective, including Nazi ideology. Courses in German history, 'racial hygiene' and politics were introduced. German language and literature became very important. History, itself, was re-written to promote Nazi ideals. Mein Kampf became a standard textbook.
• Racial theory became a key subject. Young were taught about inferior races and need to have racially sound marriage.
• Anti-Semitism was promoted in all lessons.
• Girls were taught to sew, cook and take on the 'home' role. Boys were to become strong and fit. Ready to fight for Germany.