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suwar and ayaat

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Bushra Masroor

on 25 February 2015

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Transcript of suwar and ayaat

suwar and ayaat
The structure of
Al-Quran
The Qur'an is made of 114 suwar (chapters). Each surah of Al-Qur'an is made of few or many ayaat, or verses. The longest surah in Al-Quran has 286 ayaat while the shortest surah has only three ayaat; Surat-ul-Kawthar. The rest of the suwar has different numbers of ayaat that fall in between. Like the suwar have different lengths, the ayaat have different lengths too.
As you learned earlier, there are two main types of suwar in Al-Qur'an; As-suwar Al-Makkiyyah which were revealed in Makkah before the Hijrah, and As-suwar Al-Madaniyyah,most of which were revealed in Madinah after the Hijrah. The Makki ayaat are generally short and succinct while the Madani ayaat are relatively long and elaborate.
The suwar of Al-Qur'an are not put in chronological order. Al-Quran starts with Surat-ul-Fatihah (Surah 1) and ends with Surat-un-Nas (Surah 114). Some of the suwar long, but others are very short. Among the long suwar are:

1. Al-Baqarah (The Cow)
2. Al-Imran (The Family of Imran)
3. An-Nisaa' (The Women)
4. Al-Ma'idah (Tthe Food Table)
5. Al-An'aam (The Cattle)
6. Al-Araf (The Heights)
7. Al-Anfal (The Spoils of War)

The above suwar a called As-Sab-'ut-Tiwal or "The Long Seven." These long chapters come in the beginning of Al-Qur'an after Surat-ul-Fatihah and make up the first one third of Al-Qur'an. The short suwar of Al-Qur'an are mostly included in the thirtieth juzu' , or part, at the end of the Holy Book. Only one short Surah is outside the thirtieth juzu' , which is Surat-ul-Fatihah the first surah in Al-Quran, which is located in the first juzu'.
There are 30 ajzaa' (parts), each juzu' has a number of suwar. The great scholars of Islam divided the Qur'an into 30 equal parts. This way people can read the whole Qur'an during the month, as the Prophet recommended, if they read one part a day.
FAST FACTS
The longest surah is Surat-ul-Baqarah with 286 ayaat.
The shortest is Surat-ul-Kawthar with 3 ayaat.
The greatest and most revealed verse is Ayat-ul-Kursiy, which is also called the "Chief of All Verses."
The longest ayah is Ayat-ut-Dayn, which is ayah 282 in Surat-ul-Baqarah.
Surat Ya-Sin is the "Heart of the Qur'an"

Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn-ul-Aas was a very bright young student of Prophet Muhammad. He was born in 606 A.D. to his father Amr Ibn-ul-Aas, another great companion of the Prophet. It is interesting to note that Abdullah embraceIslam before his father did. Abdullah used to love learning Qur'an and the hadeeth of Rasoolullah.

One day, Abdullah came to Rasoolullah and asked his permission to write his hadeeth. Prophet Muhammad used to prevent anyone from writing what he said, except the Qur'an. The Pprophet didn't want his talk to mix with the Qur'an. When Abdullah asked him for permission, surprisingly, the Prophet agreed. He knew that Abdullah was sharp and organized, so he would not mix the hadeeth with the Qur'an in his journal.
He just asked him to keep it for himself.Abdullah recorded many ahadeeth of Rasoolullah in a journal and it was later called "As-Saheefat-us-Sadiqah," or the "Truthful Journal."

One other time, Abdullah came to Rasoolullah and asked him, "In how many days should I read the whole Qur'an?."
"Read the whole Qur'an in one month," the Prophet answered.
"I can do better than that," Abdullah said.
"Then read it in twenty days," the Prophet added.
"But I can do better than that," Abdullah said again.
"Then read it in fifteen days," the Prophet said.
"But I can do better than that," Abdullah said again.
"Then read it in ten days," the Prophet said.
"But I can do better than that," Abdullah insisted.
"Then read it in seven days, and don't read it all in less than this period of time," the Prophet concluded.

Abdullah grew up to be one of the great scholars among the companions of Rasoolullah. He narrated thousands of the ahadeeth of the Prophet.

Abdullah was so motivated to learn the Qur'an and the hadeeth of Prophet Muhammad. Abu Hurayrah, the well-known Sahabi, onve said,"No one used to memorize the hadeeth of the Prophet more than me, except Abdullah Ibn Amr."
Abdullah Ibn Amr died in 684 A.D.
The End
Made by: Bushra & Maheen
7D
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