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The Congo Basin Rainforest

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Chelsea Weaver

on 17 June 2014

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Transcript of The Congo Basin Rainforest

The Congo Basin Rainforest
A Little Overview
The Congo Basin rainforest is the second-largest tropical rainforest in the world, with over 10,000 plant species, 400 mammal species, 1,000 bird species and 700 fish species.
It is located in Central West Africa, covering 1.8 million square kilometres of land.

Humans
The Congo Basin has been inhabited by humans for around 500 centuries and inhabited by 150 ethnic groups.
The basin, especially its river, provides resources for the 75 million people that live there.

The indigenous tribes are the Baka, Twa, Mbuti, Teke and the Bakola.
Rich Region, Poor Society
Why is this happening?
It's all up to us!
We are the ones who have to make the changes, not just for us, but the people of the future too.

Organizations are ready to help all around us, but we still need your help.

YOU need to join and recruit others
.


To save the elephants, to save the future of the earth.
by Chelsea Weaver
Cameroon
The Central African Republic
Gabon
Equatorial Guinea

Republic of Congo
The area may be rich in oils, woods and expensive minerals but most of these prized materials are illegally taken from the rainforest.
There is also a high demand for bushmeat and ivory which has been killing off the population of forest elephants fast.
Since all the harvesting is being done illegally. the people of the congo recieve no benefit, therefore leaving them poor.
There is evidence of pygmy cultures nearly 10,000 years back.
The unemployed hunt illegally to feed their families.
Humans have been living there for many, many, many years.
The Forest Suffers from...
Logging
Oil Palm Implantation's and harvesting
Population Growth
Nontraditional Hunting Techniques
Road Development
Increasing Access to International
Markets
Coltan and Diamond Mining
Poaching

Logging and Deforestation in the Congo Basin
Deforestation may increase as the demands for
palm oil
,
sugar
,
rubber
and
Coltan
rise.
To go to a website that has a list of
palm oil free
brands click the link below.
http://www.orangutans.com.au/orangutans-survival-information/helping-you-buy-responsibly-palm-oil-free-alternatives.aspx
Why is this all so
important?
We need to focus on reducing the palm oil demand, as this will help not just the Congo Basin rainforest, but ones all over the world. And how do you help?
Well, you buy PALM OIL FREE products.
The forest itself covers six countries...
Ivory from Forest Elephants
in the Congo Basin
quiz time!!!
Make sure you read through
the lists well, you
will be quizzed soon!
Think of as many palm oil free chocolate brands/companies as you can, writing them down as you go. You have a minute from when you press the play button on the video to the right.
Good luck!
How many companies did you get?
0-4: How are you going to save the planet like that? Study some more and try again!
5-8: Well done! How about you learn a few more so you can be an expert?
9+: You're an expert!
Please
educate others about how you can help save the rainforests.
M
O
V
I
N
G

O
N
...
The
Congo

River
-Used for transportation and as trade corridors
-
Crops such as cotton, peanut, tobacco and sugarcane are grown along it
- People use the river for: clean water, washing clothes, boat rides, swimming, drinking water, rowing, washing and fishing
Slowly...
....The Congo River is becoming more polluted
....The Congo Basin's forest is becoming smaller
....Conflict minerals are being used more
....Animals are being added to the endangered list
....We are realising what we are doing
1:
There is a high demand for agricultural land, therefore people slash and burn the place as
A) the slash and burn method is more "efficient"
and
B) there is a large profit for extending farmland
2:
Workers
rely
on the logging companies for
health care
, giving them a
positive
reason to help cut down the forests.
3:
Large
mineral deposits
are situated in the basin containing
minerals which are on high demand.
E.G.
Coltan
(which is used in electronics)
Quick Side note:
Coltan is a
conflict mineral
, meaning it is
illegally mined
from the area. The illegal armed troops that mine then carelessly
trample the plants
and
poach
for food.
4:
Mining operations are
controlled badly
6:
Civil tension in the 1990's
caused refugee's to
trample
through the forest,
slashing and poaching
as they went. The forest is
still recovering
from the damage made then.
7:
Armed groups
travel
through the forest for
mineral and conflict mineral trade
.
8:
The people of the Congo are
poor
and therefore they do
not have plumbing or dams
so they
use the river as their source
of water.
How does it effect the rainforest and the earth?
Sections of the
forest are being
lost each day.
In fact, the Congo Basin
loses
1.5 million hectares

of forest each year.
Forest Loss
This bar graph provides information about the drastic rise of forest loss from 2000 to 2010.
It is in hectares.

127000
more
hectares of woodland have been lost than the average from 2000-2005

221000
less
hectares of secondary forest have been lost than average from 2000-2005.
334000
more
hectares of primary forest have been lost than average from 2000-2005.
Pollution of the Congo River
It is becoming more polluted as people use it as their main source.
It may become to polluted for tribes and other people to use as their source.
Could result in it becoming inhabitable not just for humans but for animals, fish and birds too.


Hunting in the forest makes a huge dent on primate populations.
What are we doing to stop all these problems??
To Start...
Not just ordinary people, but our role models, idols and favourite celebrities are
standing up to electronics companies
and making them use conflict free materials.

Celebrity voices:
Emmanuelle Chriqui, Emile Hirsch, Ryan Gosling, Iman, Julianne Moore, Brooke Smith and Ken Baumann
Ryan Gosling
The World Wildlife Fund
A leading conservation organization that works in 200 countries and has been around for 50 years
Their goal is to 'save the planet'
They raise awareness of the issues humans create and how to help out
What they do for the Basin
Try to collaborate with local governments so they can begin patrols around the basin to stop poachers from getting in
Working to stop bushmeat and illegal trade
Showing local farmers how to farm with the least impact on the environment
Gives people the opportunity to sign petitions and submit donations
Intel: Who they are & what they do
A computer company that makes processors
They made a promise that all minerals used were from conflict free zones
A good example of an everyday company taking responsibility for damaged rainforests all over the world and doing the right thing
Setting an example for other companies
Spreading awareness
Conflict-Free Sourcing Initiative
Zaire
Founded in 2008
Helps companies find conflict-free resources
Addresses conflict minerals issues
Their ‘Conflict-Free Smelter Program’ helps the company identify sources that are conflict free and refers companies to them
Falling Whistles
A campaign for peace in the Congo Basin
They believe the whistle is a symbol for protest and encourage wearing a whistle for peace
Building groups of activists so peace can be made in the Congo
Built a radio station in Eastern Congo to raise awareness
With what the Falling Whistles are doing, battle can be ceased in the rainforest, meaning safety for humans, animals and the environment itself
We Have Hope...
We CAN Change Our Ways...
This graph portrays the fact that if we do not change our ways, the elephants will probably be extinct within 40 years.
However, we can change, especially if we can get a better governance policy.

It is important to remember that we can still change the way we deal with things and stop the poaching of elephants forever.
And some things won't have to change that much...
This map shows that only what happens inside the rainforest will really have to change.

There is
still a significant amount of tree cover
, it's what is happening underneath that cover is what matters.

If you went to the damaged area's of the Congo Basin you would see how bad the damage actually was. Deforestation will also begin munching at the edges of the forest if we are not careful too.
THANKS FOR WATCHING!
The red area's on the map stand represent where the Congo Basin Rainforest is.
To Finish, please watch this video.
Thank you and goodbye.
It is credible to remember that all companies need money, and that usually comes from us.
But there are so many companies, so which should you choose to donate to?
It is recommended you choose
WWF
as they have the most campaigns, meaning there is a lot they can do for the Congo Basin Rainforest.

When donating, it is best you choose the company
you
like the best. Don't just donate to a company as they are doing a lot, it's
what
they are doing that matters.

If you do donate,
choose wisely
.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
UNKNOWN, 2014. Congo Basin. (online). https://www.worldwildlife.org/places/congo-basin 24/05/2014

UNKNOWN, 2014. Congo Rainforest. (online) http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/forests/africa/#tab=4 24/05/2014

UNKNOWN, 2014. Congo Basin Region. (online) http://www.rainforestfoundationuk.org/Congo%20Basin%20Region 24/05/2014

UNKNOWN, 2002. Congo Basin Rainforests under threat. (online) http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2223917.stm 24/05/2014

Butler, Rhett, 2013. Deforestation in the Congo Rainforest. (online) http://rainforests.mongabay.com/congo/deforestation.html#.U5_u0CiTJfd 27/05/2014

Letao, Luis. 2012. Saving the Congo Basin Forests – A story of the Congo Basin people’s fight to save the rainforest. (online) 25/05/2014

Encyclopaedia Britannica Online, 2014. Congo Basin. (online) http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/132447/Congo-basin 27/05/2014

UNKNOWN, N.D. People of the Congo Basin forests. (online) http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/where_we_work/congo_basin_forests/the_area/people/ 27/05/2014

UNKNOWN, 2012. Protect the Ancient Rainforests, The Congo Basin Rainforest http://www.greenpeace.org/africa/en/campaigns/Forests-hub/ 27/05/2014

White, David, 2014. The Congo River. (online) http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/geography/congoriver.htm 27/05/2014
UNKNOWN, 2012. DR Congo gets first validated and verified REDD+ project. (online) http://news.mongabay.com/2012/1220-drc-redd-mai-ndombe.html 29/05/2014

UNKNOWN, N.D. Causes of Congo Deforestation. (online) http://congo-rainforest.wikispaces.com/Causes+of+Congo+Deforestation 29/05/2014

UNKNOWN, 2014. Conflict Minerals. (online) http://www.raisehopeforcongo.org/content/initiatives/conflict-minerals 29/05/2014

UNKNOWN, 2011. CONGO RIVER. (online) http://5mwaterworld.wikispaces.com/CONGO+RIVER 2/06/2014

UNKNOWN, 2014. Conflict Free Minerals. (online) http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/corporate-responsibility/conflict-free-minerals.html 2/06/2014

UNKNOWN, N.D. About the Conflict-Free Sourcing Initiative. (online) http://www.conflictfreesourcing.org/about/ 2/06/2014

UNKNOWN, N.D. Falling Whistles. (online) http://www.fallingwhistles.com/#home 2/06/2014

UNKNOWN, 2013. Mission. (online) http://www.sourcingnetwork.org/mission/ 4/06/2014
Full transcript