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Decolonization of Ghana

History project
by

Yamilex Vega

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Decolonization of Ghana

Decolonization of Ghana Map of Ghana How did Ghana gain it's independence? Ghana gained it's independence from the British empire during the merger of the British colony Gold Coast and British Togoland trust territory. (The British granted freedom after a new assembly was formed, and had voted over the issue.) Map of Britian Western Nation Colonized Nation Katie Thomson and Yamilex Vega Ghana before Colonization In Ancient Ghana, the kingdom of the Soninke people established the Empire of Ghana which lasted from about 750- 1240 C.E.

The empire obtained money through the abundance of gold in the region that is now modern northern Senegal and Southern Mauritania. They participated in the Trans- Saharan trade by trading both salt and gold to the Arab merchants. The abundance of gold in the region is why it's named the "Golden Coast".

The Ashanti Empire, founded by Osei Tutu, is a precolonial state that existed between 1670 and 1902 in what is now Ghana. It is believed that the Ashanti people migrated from the Ghana Empire to their current location. The Ashanti also had access to gold and would sell their prisoners as slaves. Ancient Ghana in comparison with modern day Ghana Road to Colonization Portuguese were the first to arrive to the Golden Coast in 1471 and the merchants built the "Elmina Castle" (literally "the mine castle"), the first trading post built in the gulf of Guinea, in 1482. The Dutch, however, captured the castle in 1637 and both countries, along with France, Sweden, and Britain built more trading forts along the coast.

Eventually, the British and Dutch were the last two European countries to own forts and in 1872, Britain bought out the remaining interests and forts of the Dutch.

In 1874, Britain officially made the Gold Coast a "crown colony". Castle of Elmina Cape Coast Castle Another fort built by Swedish Ghana after Britain Colonized Slavery became the main source of income for natives who sold their prisoners to British merchants who then sold the slaves across sea through the trans- Atlantic slave trade between North America, Europe, Africa, the Caribbean, and Brazil. Gold was also very plentiful and used for trading as well.

Tension rose between natives (Ashanti, Fante, Ga, Akim- Akwapim, etc..) and between natives and the British. Natives would attack each other's territories and would also attack British forts. This caused the "Anglo- Ashanti wars"; four conflicts between the British Empire and the Ashanti Empire.

In the early 19th century, British ended slave trade in the Golden Coast. Anglo- Ashanti wars Trans- Atlantic Slave trade Why did Ghana gain it's independence? Ghana gained it's independence from Britain after World War 2 due to an increase in nationalism and the continuously poor economy in the colony. Displeased with their political situation, Ghana called for elected representation. Meant to pacify the people's needs the Guggisberg was formed. (A new constitution primarily concerned with protecting British interests, which elected six chiefs to the Legislative council.) Soon, unsatisfied by the unacceptable representation and still bad economy, the people retaliated with riots and drew attention to the issues. On August 3, 1956 a motion was passed authorizing the government to request independence within the British Commonwealth. The British government accepted the motion, and Ghanna became an independent state on March 6, 1957. Was it a violent or non-violent movement? It was a violent movement due to the many riots that broke out. The riot at Accra, composed of former servicemen concluded with the government opening fire on the demonstrators, killing three ex-servicemen and wounding sixty. Social, economical, and political
effects of decolonization? Social: Political: Economical: With Kwane Nkrumah's dominance over the government and its' other elected officials and judges, Ghana became a single party state for a time until he was taken out of power. During the struggle to take Nkrumah out of power, the nation's highest cash crop (coco) crashed devastating Ghana's economy. The NRC (national redemption council) worked towards improving the lives of individuals in Ghana, and creating a steady economy after Nkrumah was removed from power. When the NRC transitioned into the SMC (supreme military council in 1975) they attempted to depoliticize the nation's public life to allow the people to concentrate their energies into forging a better economy. Ghana today: Political, economical, and social Political: Social: Economical: Presidential representative democratic republic, multi-party system, One of the top ten fastest growing economies in the world with the discovery of oil and the abundance of natural resources. For several years Ghana has had an increasing number of visitors, especially tourists pouring in from numerous places around the world. Ghanaians are a hospitable, respectable and peace-loving people. They have very polite greeting forms and general behavior. Traditionally, children are taught in their homes to respect their elders. A child who fails to observe social value is considered as untrained and uncultured. The smile on their face seems to be permanently in place and the world have observed that Ghanaians are very patient people, and kind not only to visitors but to themselves too.
Women are highly respected. A woman is given a seat first before a man. However, if water is being offered, it is the man who drinks first. Although most Ghanaians are conservative about not showing physical displays of affection in public, their feelings for their partners must not be mistaken. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah
"Forward ever, backward never."
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