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Should you ruin your life at 18

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makenzie correa

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of Should you ruin your life at 18

- Statistics given
- Binge Drinking
- Brain development
- Drunk Driving
The Drinking age should remain at 21 because,
Age brain develops
Pre-frontal cortex damage of brain

"Underage binge drinking was linked to cortical-thinning of the pre-frontal cortex of the brain, which is related to functions such as, paying attention, planning and making decisions, processing emotions, and behavior problems" (Fuller).

Developing factors: alters and changes growth of the brain
Binge Drinking on College Campuses
Drinking age 21 vs. 18

Works cited
What happens when under age drinking occurs
Being An Adult
What changing the age
leads to....
"In the 1970's, a number of states lowered the drinking age from 21 to 18, and we saw an increase in alcohol consumption by youth"(Wechsler).
Vote for President
Protect our Country
Go to prison
Buy Firearms
"Studies showed that these lower MLDAs were associated with increases in traffic crashes" (Toomey).
Brain Development
Fuller, Dawn. "UC Study Reveals Possible Brain Damage in Young
Adult Binge-Drinkers." Targeted News Service. 27 Jun. 2011: n.p. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.

Wechsler, Henry, and Toben F. Nelson. "Will Increasing Alcohol Availability By Lowering The Minimum Legal Drinking Age Decrease Drinking And Related Consequences Among Youths?." American Journal Of Public Health 100.6 (2010): 986-992. Academic Search Premier. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.

Saylor, Drew K. "Heavy Drinking On College Campuses: No Reason
To Change Minimum Legal Drinking Age Of 21." Journal Of American College Health 59.4 (2011): 330-333. Academic Search Premier. Web. 6 Feb. 2014.

Toomey, Traci L., Toben F. Nelson, and Kathleen M. Lenk. "The Age-21 Minimum Legal Drinking Age: A Case Study Linking Past And Current Debates." Addiction 104.12 (2009): 1958-1965. Academic Search Premier. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.

Kypri Kypros. "minimum purchasing afe for alcohol and traffic crash injuries among 15-19 year olds in New Zealand."
American Journal of public health
96.3 (2006) 126-131 Web.

Fell, James C, Deborah A. Fischer and Roberts B Voas.
Alcoholism: Clinically and research
33.7 (2009): 1208. Web.




Archer, Dale, Dr. "The Pros and Cons of Drinking At 18." Psychologytoday.com.
Sussex Publishers, 13 July 2010. Web. 4 Mar. 2014. <http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/reading-between-the-headlines/201207/the-pros-and-cons-drinking-18-0>.
Conclusion
Lowering the drinking age leads to higher rates in alcohol consumption and alcohol related crashes.
Lowering the drinking age is not the solution, it causes more problems with binge drinking on college campuses.
Drinking under the age of 21, changes the growth and development of the brain.
Drunk driving can be dramatically reduced by the MLDA remaining at 21
Thesis Statement
Although critics believe that lowering the drinking age to 18 is the solution to alcohol related issues, critics need to realize that there is more to lowering the age, this being: the statistics of lowering the age, binge drinking, and the brain development of 18 year old teens.
Binge Drinking Continued..
"Such alcohol use has also been found to significantly affect academic performance, social relationships, risk-taking behaviors and general health" (Saylor)
Defined as:
"5 or more consecutive standard drinks in a row for men and 4 or more consecutive standard drinks for women" (Saylor)

Heavy alcohol use leads to...
High-alcohol related morbidity & mortality
public health concerns
serious immediate and long-term consequences
(Saylor)

"It is not only death and injury but also risky sexual behavior, increased risk of physical or sexual assault, and violence" (Saylor)
Solution to Binge Drinking
"Instead of removing one of the most researched and supported policies in the alcohol control arsenal,we should seek to add to and improve this effort with increased enforcement, additional legislation, and efficacious interventions" (Saylor)
Drinking & Driving
Kills thousand's of people per year
hundreds of people are saved each year because of MLDA
(Minimum Legal Drinking Age)

MADD and law enforcement
Drinking and Driving

- " The number of drunk-driving related fatalities has fallen 49% since 1982" (DOT)

- According to MADD.org one person is injured from drunk driving every minute
- Because of the purchase and possesion laws being enforced, they are estimated to have saved 730 lives annually (Fell)

- As I mentioned the death toll dropped from 1982, the drinking age was changed in 1984.

- A study out of New Zeland has claimed that lowering their drinking age has increased drunk driving in 15-19 year olds (Kypros 126)
MADD and Law Enforcement
-Mothers against drunk driving got the drinking age from 18 to 21 in 1984. (Toomey)
-Law enforcement has played a key roll in this by cracking down on underage purchase and possession. (Fell)
College, Alcohol :)
135 college presidents around America voting to lower drinking age

Binge drinking, uncontrolled environment

No parental control on alcohol consumed
Test Results
New Zeland professor tested on alcohol consumption, and results prove that lowering the drinking age will make kids drink more responsible.

Tests show that some kids drink just to break the laws and get a thrill
Works Cited
Brownfield, Kylie, Kumari Fernando, and Jamin Halberstadt. "Indirect Effects Of Lowering The Drinking Age On New Zealand Students' Alcohol-Related Behaviours And Attitudes." New Zealand Journal Of Psychology 32.(2003): 22. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Feb. 2014.
McCartt, Anne T., Laurie A. Hellinga, and Bevan B. Kirley. "The Effects Of Minimum Legal Drinking Age 21 Laws On Alcohol-Related Driving In The United States." Journal Of Safety Research 41.2 (2010): 173-181. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Feb. 2014.
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