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Copy of Reviewing Essay Formats

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by

Trelani Duncan

on 6 February 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Reviewing Essay Formats

Reviewing Essay Formats
Introductory Paragraph
Your goal is to create a compelling, clear, and convincing essay people will want to read and act upon. The introductions lets the reader know that you're going to do just that.

The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions:

1. What is this?
2. Why am I reading it?
3. What do you want me to do?


Body Paragraphs
Your paper should be organized in a manner that moves from general to specific information.

Every time you begin a new subject, think of an inverted pyramid - the broadest range of information sits at the top, and as the paragraph or paper progresses, the author becomes more and more focused on the argument ending with specific, detailed evidence supporting a claim.

Lastly, the author explains how and why the information provided connects to and supports the thesis (a brief wrap up or "warrant").
Concluding Paragraph
Conclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper.

After moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument.

Conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research.
Recap
1. Tell what you're going to tell them (introduction).
a. Answers the questions (What is this? Why am I reading this? What do you want me to do?)

2. Tell them (body).
a. Include a transition, topic, specific evidence/analysis, and a brief wrap-up sentence in each paragraph

3. Tell them what you told them (conclusion).
a. Restate your topic and its importance, restate your thesis, address opposing viewpoints, call for action.

Answer these questions by:
1. Providing general information about the main idea.

2. Telling the reader why s/he should care and keep reading.

3. State your thesis/claim
Note:
If your argument paper is long, you may want to forecast how you will support your thesis by outlining the structure of your paper, the sources you will consider, and the opposition to your position.

You can forecast your paper in many different ways depending on the type of paper you are writing.
Four Elements of a Good Paragraph:
Transition sentence
Topic sentence
Specific evidence and analysis
Brief wrap-up sentence
Transition Sentence
A transition sentence leads in from a previous paragraph to assure smooth reading. This acts as a handoff from one idea to the next.
Topic Sentence
A topic sentence tells the reader what you will be discussing in the paragraph.
Specific Evidence and Analysis
Specific evidence and analysis supports one of your claims and provides a deeper level of detail than your topic sentence.
Brief Wrap-Up
A brief wrap-up sentence tells the reader how and why this information supports the paper’s thesis.

It is also known as the warrant and is important to your argument because it connects your reasoning and support to your thesis, and it shows that the information in the paragraph is related to your thesis and helps defend it.
Follow this Outline:
1. Restate your topic and why it is important,

2. Restate your thesis/claim,

3. Address opposing viewpoints and explain why readers should align with your position,

4. Call for action or overview future research possibilities.

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