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Turkey Group Presentation

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Amanda Shu

on 5 March 2013

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Transcript of Turkey Group Presentation

Turkey 1900-2013 Geography Fall of Ottoman Empire Balkan Wars and WWI
1912-1914 Balkan Wars
Fought against Greece, Bulgaria, Montenegro, and Serbia.
122,000 died in 8months
1st war ended with Treaty of London
2nd war ended with Treaty of Bucharest Early Years of Turkey World War II (1945) Ismet Inonu helped keep neutral status throughout most of the war.
Establishment of Democratic Party inspired after WWI and western pressures
Not part of military operations
1947-Truman Doctrine improved relations with US and Western Powers. US pledged to protect Turkey Alliance with NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization - 1952) NATO Has a base in Istanbul and is the largest military alliance in the world/in history.
Adnan Menderes helped to establish relations in NATO after WWII. Became president 1950.
Turkey builds more ties Years of Governmental and Social Reform by Amanda Shu, Joseph Tsai, and Miranda Cook Richards Period 1 Modern Day Turkey (2000 - 2013) Young Turks-1908 Sykes-Picot agreement and
the Treaty of Versailles (1916-1919) Treaty of Lausanne and Independence wars (1922-1923) New Constitutions
(1961 and 1982) Discrimination against Kurds (1990's) Republic of Turkey
established (1923) Economic Turmoil
and Reform (2001-2005) Change to an Islamic government (1996) Welcomed for their democratic and modern views.
Conflicts and power struggles, made Empire disintegrate
Wanted constitutional rule and greater support for technological
One of the first times in history when different religious groups stood side by side http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/ataturk_kemal.shtml Mustafa Kemal Ataturk http://blog.frontierstrategygroup.com/2012/06/why-leveraging-turkey-as-a-regional-hub-is-good-for-your-business/ Ottoman Coat
of Arms Young Turks Revolution (1908)
Balkan Wars (1912)
WWI (as Ottoman empire) (1914)
Sykes Picot Agreement (1916)
Treaty of Versailles (1919)
Independence wars and Treaty of Lausanne (1919-1923)
Republic of Turkey Established (1923) NATO Logo World War 1
Germany used Ottoman Empire as a “pawn.” Only joined Germany because of early wins in the war.
Ismet Inonu (first prime minister and second president) commanded in Syria and Yemen.
Sided with Germany due to past arguements 1961
Caused by the corrupt government led by Adnan Menderes
Coup d'etat in 1960 with military rule for one year
Based on human rights 1982
Another Coup d'etat in 1980 with military rule for two years
Fixed to please more citizens- 91.4% of people were pleased with changes
Established government duties Treaty of Versailles
Because of the failure of the sykes-picot agreement, treaty of Versailles was created.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk led national revolutions in defiance of 1919 treaty of Versailles. Ismet Inonu supported this.
Ottoman military is weakened Final treaty relating to WWI.
Between UK, France, Italy, Japan, Greece, Romania, and Yugoslavia.
Ismet Inonu part of the last Ottoman Empire Parliament, and supported independence of Turkey
Only Christian Armenians, Orthodox Greeks, and Jews were allowed to maintain their religious/educational institutions.
Turkey more stable in relations Mustafa Kemal Ataturk first president 1923-1938. Had strong military reputation from Balkan wars.
Ismet Inonu became the first Prime minister from 1923-1937, and second president 1938-1950
Political Reform, more secular than religious Joined in WWII with Allies (1945)
Because of good relations with world, accepted into NATO (1952)
Ataturk: Led program to gain women's rights, was pro-secularist, and revolutionized science and technology
Ataturk Reforms- Social and Political http://europa.eu/about-eu/basic-information/symbols/flag/index_en.htm Government Tries to limit ethnic expression
Bans Kurdish broadcasting, culture groups, etc.
30,000 people were killed (mostly Kurdish workers Party members (PKK). Sykes-Picot agreement
France and Germany almost gain part of Ottoman Empire
Secret plan between UK and France, exposed by Russia Turkey's Politics Today Two New constitutions- 1961 and 1982
Kurds face discrimination
Islamic government reconsidered instead of a more secular government
Failed attempts at getting into EU- European Union Turkey's Economy Today Religious History and Current Religion Secular government
Currently religious affiliation is a category on identification cards.
Most people are devout Muslims.
99% are muslim
One of the only islamic countries that are secular
Rich history of other religions
For Example: Christianity (Ephesus) Literate working force
Lots of fertile land and people working abroad
Trade with OECD Countries
Imports and Exports
One of the worst income distributions in the OECD
Significant amount of hard currency through tourists
Main source of income for government is taxes Unique Features Does not categorize population by ethnicity.
Gender roles are relatively equal
High literacy rate of 82% (82% Male, 77% female)
Education, wealth, and westernization determine the classes
Through age 14, Education is free, coeducational, and compulsory. Coalition governments
Republican parliamentary democracy http://europa.eu/about-eu/basic-information/symbols/flag/index_en.htm Turkey becomes more unified
Only lasts one year because wanted to keep good relations with Western countries Turkey Stock Market Crash
Declared Open Market Economy
Economy Stocks crash in 2001
Declared open-market economy in 2005
Helps Europe to see Turkey as a stronger country http://www.thewartourist.com/greece.html Works Cited http://endthelie.com/2011/09/07/so-its-official-the-return-of-the-ottomans/#axzz2MbwM6Fyu
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