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Consonants & Vowels Sounds & its types

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Usama Rauf

on 28 January 2014

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Transcript of Consonants & Vowels Sounds & its types

Consonants & Vowel Sound & its types
Thanks for listening me
Short Vowels
Long and short vowels are defined as sounds in the British English language produced by breath and not by closure of the mouth or audible friction of the tongue. Vowel length originates from the duration of the vowel sound therefore long vowels have longer sounds than short vowels. Some examples of short vowels include map, apple, hat, plan and ant.
Basic types of Consonants Sound
A consonant sound is made by blocking the air as it moves through the mouth. There are different types of consonant sound:

Plosive - explosive sounds (20 - 26 in the diagram)
Fricative - friction sounds (27 - 34 in the diagram)
Affricate - plosive followed by fricative (35 - 36 in the diagram)
Nasal - partly made through the nose (37 - 39 in the diagram)
Approximant - vowel-like consonants (40-43 in the diagram)
Glottal - made in the throat (44-45 in the diagram)

Long vowels
A long vowel refers to a vowel that is usually pronounced longer than other vowels. It refers to a vowel that generally takes a long sound when it is followed by a consonant and the letter e (cake, side, mope), or when they are placed next to another vowel (maid, eat, pie), or when they are at the end of a word (he, go, why).
Consonants Sounds &its types
Consonant sounds are produced by blocking the flow of air as it leaves the mouth. There are many ways of blocking the air and various tongue, lip and jaw positions required in order to create accurately the consonants of English.

Types of Vowels sound
Examples of Vowels
I, O, and U (Y may substitute for I). Yet spoken English has some 20 shades of vowel sounds. Accordingly, our vowel letters are kept busy, each one symbolizing multiple sounds on any written page. Our letters get some help from rules of spelling, which, for example, can specify the long A of 'rate' versus the short A of 'rat
A letter of the alphabet (a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y) that represents a speech sound created by the relatively free passage of breath through the larynx and oral cavity.
A speech sound that's not a vowel; a letter of the alphabet that represents a speech sound produced by a partial or complete obstruction of the air stream by a constriction of the speech organs.
Examples of Consonants
"The 24 usual consonants occur in the following words, at the beginning unless otherwise specified: pale, tale, kale, bale, dale, gale, chain, Jane, fail, thin, sale, shale, hale, vale, this, zoo; (in the middle of) measure, mail, nail; (at the end of) sing, lay, rail, wail, Yale. Not one of these consonants is spelled in a completely consistent way in English, and some of them are spelled very oddly and inconsistently indeed
Types of Vowel Sound

A vowel sound is made by shaping the air as it leaves the mouth. There are four types of vowel in English:

Short monothongs (2, 3, 4, 7, 10, 12 in the diagram)
Long monothongs (1, 6, 8, 9, 11 in the diagram)
Diphthongs (13 - 19 in the diagram)
Weak vowels (1, 2, 5 , 9 in the diagram)

In 'An English Accent' you will learn the mouth positions and spellings for each of these vowel sounds
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