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The Cold War: NATO versus The Warsaw Pact

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giulia teaca

on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of The Cold War: NATO versus The Warsaw Pact

The Cold War: NATO versus The Warsaw Pact
By: Giulia, Mattea, and Lauryn
Before getting into specifics of the two sides of the
Cold War
, it is important to know what the
Cold War
is:
The Cold War
Stands for
North Atlantic Organization Treaty
made in 1949.
NATO

is one of the two sides involved in the
Cold War
.
NATO
is an alliance formed between
Europe

and
North

America.
Their focus was to protect and defend each other from the
Soviet Union
making them communists and further enhancing their control over other countries.
America
was the main leader since the first commander in 1950 was General Dwight D. Eisenhower whom was from the
United

States
.
Still being used today with 26 countries and nations to make decisions about defensive issues and security issues against the allied countries. For example,
NATO
helped prevent gruesome conflict between
Bosnia, Iraq, and Afghanistan
.

NATO
The Warsaw Pact
was dependent on conscription where the
NATO
was mostly mad up of professionals.
Was feared as a "massive monster waiting their attack on
Western Europe
".
Was seen as trying to destroy those who were not communist.
NATO
feared that
The Warsaw Pact
would use their nuclear weapons.
After the fall of the pact,
Polish
government released papers that stated
The Warsaw Pact
would use nuclear weapons if land attacks did not work.
After the
Cold War
ended, at the end of the 1980's,
The Warsaw Pact
was seen as unnecessary.
Most former members joined the
NATO
except for the
Soviet Union
.
Significance of The Warsaw Pact
NATO
:
• Unlike
The

Warsaw

Pact
, it still exists.
• Strong bond between its members currently (9/11 all members reached out to
USA
) unifying
North America
with
Europe.
• Members have a stronger security (more developed in defensive weaponry).
• Alienated
Russia.
• Rather than focusing on hostility between nations,
NATO
has spread a bigger concern regarding piracy, terrorism, and cyber-attacks as serious threats.


The
Cold War

is political hostility between countries fought by threats, propaganda, and other methods not involving open warfare.
In this case, it was a state of hostility between
NATO
and the
Warsaw Pact
from 1945-1980.
Countries involved in
NATO
were:
United States, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United Kingdom
.
NATO
was the first to create a multiple- sided military alliance that spans to the North Atlantic Ocean.
The
NATO
embodies the beginning of the
United States
military movement against the
Soviet Union.
The
NATO
was one of the first commitments the
United States
has ever made.
Prevented communism from spreading to other countries.
After the Korean War (1950-1953) the structure increased which resulted in two Supreme commanders.
United States
isolationism did not exist after the
NATO
joined the
United States

with
Europe
.
Helped and is continuing to help countries today.
Significance of NATO
NATO
VS
The Warsaw Pact
.
Never fought the other.
Fought for their beliefs using other nations and countries who helped fight on their behalf. For example,
South Vietnam
was anti-communist whom was supplied by
America
during the war where
North Vietnam
was pro-communist and fought
South Vietnam
as well as

America
using weapons from
Soviet Union
and
China
.
Lack of understanding for these beliefs resulted in weapon development, and policies such as MAD- Mutually Assured Destruction.
The Cold War: The Two Sides
The Warsaw Pact

is one of the two sides involved in the
Cold War
.
The counteraction of communists to
NATO
.
May 1955 the "treaty of mutual friendship, co-operation and mutual assistance" was signed by many countries.
The Warsaw Pact
was seen as a threat, Communist dominance, and an opponent to
American
capitalism.
Became a figure of
Soviet
dominance in
Eastern Europe.
The Warsaw Pact
Could have been avoided, but happened due to conflict.
Communist nations did not allow human freedom which resulted in the
United

States
not liking what they were doing.
The
United

States
took action in trying to end communism spreading all over the world.
This caused a conflict between the
Soviet Union
and the
United

States

since they were a very powerful communist nation.
Marked many historical events. For example, the Berlin Wall, Korean War, Vietnam War, and the Cuban missile crisis.
Significance of The Cold War
How
Canada
was affected:
Canadians
lived in a constant fear.
Every day was seen as their last.
In the end, no weapons were used-which resulted in the name of the "
Cold War
".
Continued (Citizen Focus)
The Warsaw

Pact
:
• Because the Pact no longer exists, it can’t exactly make much of an impression on
today’s society
however, the
separation
of it has had quite the impact.
• The reason the pact came to an end was because members wanted to withdraw themselves and they ended up becoming members of
NATO
accept for one, the
Soviet Union.
• As a result of the
Soviet Union
not joining
NATO
, it is evident it had a dedication towards the
Warsaw

Pact.


Impact on Today's Society
Countries involved in
The Warsaw Pact
were:
Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungry, Poland, and Romania.
Both countries were competing against each other over who would attack first.
Canada
and the
USSR
were ready to attack any day at any minute if they had to.
The only problem was that
Canada
was waiting for the
USSR
to attack first and vice versa.
Competition Between Canada and USSR
NATO:
Gave
Canada
a sense of
safety
against, the
Soviet Union.
After
NATO
was created, the
USSR
wanted to develop a similar alliance known as
the Warsaw Pact.
Allied countries, in both pacts, were used as back drop
security.

Significance in Canada
Continued
The Warsaw Pact
did not actually carry out decisions made, but was more of a watchful eye over the
Soviet Union

allies.
Decisions and actions made were by the Political Consultative Committee and the United Command of Pact Armed Forces, both in
Moscow.
Soviet Union

was hoping this pact would resolve their issues of difficulty in their monetary needs.
The Warsaw Pact
fell in 1989 and 1990 due to the loss of communists.
In 1991, it was officially disbanded.
USSR
Canada
VS.
Fun Facts


NATO
has its own phonetic alphabet.
• Israel was the first non-European country to be offered a membership into
NATO.

NATO
, during the
Cold

War
, always flew planes carrying nuclear bombs around the world as a precaution in case the
USSR
ever attacked (five of the planes crashed).

NATO
created and launched operation kitty-
cats
were surgically implanted with bugging devices used to eavesdrop on
Soviet
conversations because the
CIA
figured who would suspect a
cat
of wearing a wire but because the
cat
was run over the mission failed.



More Fun Facts

The

Warsaw

Pact
had their eyes on a heavily trafficked building located in the center of the courtyard of the
Pentagon
, thinking is was a top secret meeting room, aimed nukes it (it turned out to be a hotdog stand).

NATO
actually had more
communists
on their side than the
The Warsaw Pact
did.
• Children who were involved in the
Warsaw Pact
gave the
US
ambassador a carved
US
seal symbolizing their
friendship
and he hung it in his office for seven years until realizing there was a listening device hidden inside of it.
• The term
“Third World Country”
does not actually mean country that is poor, it really means a country that was not aligned with
America
(being
first
world) or
Soviet Union
(being
second
world).

Leaders of countries involved in
NATO
, signing military pact
References
NATO and the Warsaw Pact. (2014, January 1). Retrieved December 9, 2014, from http://coldwarevents.wikispaces.com/NATO and the Warsaw Pact

North Atlantic Treaty Organization. (2013, August 20) “Member Countries.” Retrieved from http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_52044.htm

History Learning Site. (2014) “What Was The Cold War.” Retrieved from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/what%20was%20the%20cold%20war.htm

The Cold War Museum. (n.d) “The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).” Retrieved from http://www.coldwar.org/articles/40s/NorthAtlanticTreatyOrganizationNATO.asp

The Cold War Museum. (n.d) “The Warsaw Pact.” Retrieved from http://www.coldwar.org/articles/50s/TheWarsawPact.asp

History Rocket. (2012) “Why Was The Cold War Important?” Retrieved from
http://www.historyrocket.com/World-War/cold-war/Why-Was-The-Cold-War-Important.html

Schoolwork Helper. (2014) “The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): Historical Significance.” Retrieved from
http://schoolworkhelper.net/north-atlantic-treaty-organization-nato-historical-significance/

History Learning Site. (2014) “The Warsaw Pact.” Retrieved from
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/warsaw_pact.htm

The Warsaw Pact. (n.d.). Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/warsaw_pact.htm
Backgrounders. (n.d.). Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.cfr.org/nato/north-atlantic-treaty-organization-nato/p28287
Granville, J. (n.d.). The Impact of NATO Expansion on Russian Political Parties. Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www2.gwu.edu/~ieresgwu/assets/docs/demokratizatsiya archive/08-1_Granville.PDF
10 Things You Never Knew About: NATO. (n.d.). Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.mensxp.com/entertainment/top-10s/11776-10-things-you-never-knew-about-nato.html
United States Department of Defense. (2006, September 20). Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=1049


=Failure
Continued
This gives some reason as to why
Russia
is so aggressive now a days.
Held a grudge from the separation (
Russia's
intervention in
Ukraine
, wants to invade
Poland
).
Also,
Russia’s
actions have effected
NATO
because it has altered
NATO
’s focus.
As a result, the
The

Warsaw Pact
has more of a negative impact on
today’s society.

Impact on Today's Society
Full transcript