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Primary and Secondary Reinforcers and Punishers
Transcript of Primary and Secondary Reinforcers and Punishers
ex. food, drink, and light Primary Punishers - are naturally unpleasant
ex. pain, heat, cold Secondary Reinforcers - acquire their power (learned)
ex. money, praise, good grades Secondary Punishers - can be learned (negative)
ex. criticism, demerits, bad grades Positive Reinforcement Negative Reinforcement - think of it as taking something negative away in order to increase a response
ex. mom yells at you to study and eventually you study without yelling - Something positive provided after a response in order to increase the probability of that response occurring in the future
ex. praise and rewards - works by presenting a negative consequence after an undesired behavior is exhibited, making the behavior less likely to happen in the future.
- happens when a certain desired stimulus/item is removed after a particular undesired behavior is exhibited, resulting in the behavior happening less often in the future. Negative Punishment ex. A child picks his nose during class and the teacher reprimands him in front of his classmates. Therefore, the child is less likely to pick his nose in the future. ex. When a child "talks back" to his/her mother, the child may lose the privilege of watching her favorite television program. Therefore, the loss of viewing privileges will act as a negative punisher and decrease the likelihood of the child talking back in the future. Created by Kevin Denney THE END BY: Kevin, Chris & Hans