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Jazz

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by

Jenna Manto

on 17 June 2014

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Transcript of Jazz

And All That Jazz...
Dixieland
Free Jazz
The Blues
African Vernacular Dance Origins
Ragtime
-Often Referred to as founding base of Jazz styles
- It emerged in published form during the mid 1890s quickly spreading across the continent
-Essentially a piano music at its height between 1900-1920
Big Band
when: Emerged in early 1930s ( influenced by 1920s dance bands)
what:
"swing" music came about
"A high energy jazz style"
1935-1945
big bands of usually 10+ players
who:
Benny Goodman
Nicknamed "King of Swing"
Band Leader
Clarinetist
Sing, Sing, Sing-1937
Duke Ellington
Composer
Band leader
why:
Economy recovering from Great Depression
Repeal of prohibition in 1933 brought music out of the speakeasy into larger venues

Bebop
"Birth of the cool"
Scott Joplin
-African American composer and pianist who achieved fame for his ragtime compositions.
-Later called "The King of Ragtime"
-Most popular for Maple Leaf Rag and The Entertainer
-Some of the dance that accompanied this genre of Jazz include The "Castle Walk" and the more well known "Charleston" that increased in popularity especially during the 1920s
-After the 1920s Ragtime became less and less popular due to its discipline being too restrictive to Jazz ( which was growing presenting tremendous possibilities)
By Jenna Manto, Caitlin Gardner,
Christine AuCoin, and Olivia Paluzzi

1817
New Orleans city council established "Congo Square" as an official place for slave music and dance.
Officially known as Beauregard Square and Congo Plains
Developed at the start of the 20th century
Also called Early Jazz/ Traditional Jazz
Main influences: ragtime and the blues
Most musicians were African American
Backdrop of city life during the Roaring Twenties
Expressed African Americans' new found freedom
History
At the same time President James Monroe is elected
History
One of jazz's greatest influences
Has roots in southern plantations
Expressed emotions of the African American community
Spread from the South to the Midwest in the 1930's-40's
No single person Discovered the Blues
Musicians played percussion and string instruments
History
Began in the 1940's as a result of men being drafted to the war. As a result there was less people to play in the Big Band groups of yesteryear.
They were smaller groups of 4 to 6.
"...fast pulse and enriched harmonic vocabulary defined a new direction for jazz, no longer a dance music but a new art form unto itself."
Charlie Parker
Dizzy Gillespie
Evolution
Free Form jazz is a result of all that came before it. The music became more and more improvised as time went on.
Ken Vandermark:
A "noteworthy" free form jazz musician.
People
Original Dixieland Jazz Band - a very successful band at the time
People
Ida Cox- "Wild Women Don't Have the Blues"
W.C. Handy- "Memphis Blues"
Claims to be the "Father of the Blues"
"Blacks, both enslaved and free, used this place to market goods,socialize, and participate in drumming, music making, and dance."
Full transcript