Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Don't Shoot the Dog! (Behavior)

Psychology Disorder Project (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VSc4VLbE5EQ) (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=STLgWyXGUMg)
by

Madyson Gabriel

on 17 January 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Don't Shoot the Dog! (Behavior)

Don't Shoot the Dog!
By Karen Pryor {{Behavior}} The Book... Training
Positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, timing, conditioned reinforcers, punishments, stimulus control, shaping. Untraining Eight Methods Training Positive Reinforcer: anything that occurs when an act takes place which increases the probability that the act will occur again.
Negative Reinforcer: anything that occurs when an act takes place which decreases the probability that the act will occur again.
Timing of Reinforcers: Not reinforcing every time so results are always best. Limited holds to decrease timing ((real life-->patience)).
Conditioned Reinforcers: not the actual reward but an action that the trainee realizes as a signal that the reward is coming ((timing)). Aversive signals like "No!"
Punishment: B. F. Skinner defines as "taking away something desirable."
Stimulus Control: a behavior is controlled when: it's offered on cue, not offered in the absence of cue, offered in response to some other cue, and no other behavior occurs in response to that cue.
Shaping: break down the goal into steps and reinforce the each step while moving onto further steps. Eight Methods of Untraining 1. "Shoot the Animal" -- get rid of the problem completely.
2. Punishment--ridiculing someone for bad behavior, escalates, learns nothing.
3. Negative Reinforcements--something unpleasant that can be avoided by changing behavior.
4. Extinction--goes away naturally because of lack of reinforcement of any kind. ((Rat and lever connected to food)).
5. Train an Incompatible Behavior--train the subject to do a behavior that is impossible to do along with undesired behavior.
6. Put the behavior on cue--once the subject associates action with cue, never do cue again -> subject never doing action again.
7. Shape the Absence of the Behavior--reinforce when the subject in NOT doing the undesirable behavior.
8. Change the Motivation--remove the motivation for undesirable behavior. ((Chewing gum -> looking cheap)). Madyson Gabriel
6th Period
2013 How-to book on training and retraining
Anecdotes Published in 1999
184 Pages Training a Rat by Shaping Target Training a Fish The Disorder... Behavior is root of many psychological disorders such as:
-Alcoholism
-ADD/ADHD (disruptive behavior disorder)
Addictions include superstitious behavior---environment=cue-->urge Alcoholism Getting rid of familiar trigger cues ((Method 1)) such as moving, getting new friends & new job
Self-administer all 8 methods frequently
Why punishment doesn't work: someone else negatively reinforces
While intoxicated/when drinking frequently, behavior changes: relationships, priorities, productivity ((Method 1: get rid of the problem)) ADD/ADHD (Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Emotional problems
Interpersonal and social problems when in development stage ((children, adolescents)) THE
END
Full transcript