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Sustainable tourism

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Alessia Santosuosso

on 4 February 2013

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Transcript of Sustainable tourism

Sustainable tourism Sustainable tourism guides management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aestethic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes and biological diversity. Environmental Values Relations Differences of social impacts between: Economic Valuation Methods Methods to identify tourism costs Assigned Values. Instrumental Values Intrinsic Values Extrinsic Factors Social Values The presence of a natural environment as an end in itself. The natural environment as an object of practical use Are values that people attach to things. Halls Gap Each is based on a different method and represents a different economic concept that cannot be directly compared. Using ledgers and budgets as the basis for identifying tourism costs provided a more measurable approach than the activities method, which relied on vague assessments of the relative costs of different kinds of tourists. These models consider the effects of variables such as:
the stage of development in a community
the tourist-resident radio
cultural distance between the hosts and guests
seasonality of the tourist activity Studies that investigate the impact of tourism and the community as a whole and assume level of homogeneity among the residences of a region. Intrinsic Factors Consider the heterogeneity of communities by measuring social impacts through the perception of members of the host community. Social Impacts as double-edged sword Positive Negative Tourism increased:
Overcrowding
Noise
Litter
Crime
Disperse the community
Cultural and behavioural differences
Inequality of wealth Tourism promote:
Local sense of place
Community pride
Community image
Local quality of life
A healthy society
Economy of the community
Preserve culture and heritage Functional Value. Held Value. They are ideas important to people. It's provided when there is a technical relationship between the existence of an entity and the natural area. Anthropocentrism Represent a human centred valuations of nature and ecocentrism, an ecologically centred approach. It may take two forms: Strong form:
It only values nature that fulfills a practical function in satisfying basic. Weak Form:
represent a more considered approach where nature may be valued for less tangible reasons. Extreme balance between negative and positive impacts
People more concerned with personal impacts
Disruption, environmental damage, overcrowding and delinquent behavior are all seen as less of a problem
Negative impacts by tourism Impacts more centered
People were more positive about the community-wide
Positive impacts related to community facilities, pride, and unity are all rated more highly
Positive impacts by tourism North West Tasmania The attributable overnight visitor direct expenditure value represents a conservative but reliable figure based on a method that has been consistently applied across a variety of regions in Australia. The biggest expense relates accommodation and food region. Ledgers provides more
accurate data about income and
expenditure. Budgets only provides an indication of the importance of tourism, and the amount of
income. LEDGERS BUDGETS RAPID ASSESSMENT TOOL The rapid assessment tool makes a quick judgement about the budgetary impact of tourism. Using ledgers and budgets as the basis for identifying tourism costs provided a more measurable approach The activities method relied on vague assessments of the relative costs of different kinds of tourists.
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