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Tyler Norman

on 23 April 2010

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Transcript of LSA 2010 TYLER NORMAN

SOCIOLOGICAL DETERMINISM THEORIES Labeling theory -Causes = Shunning, identity immersion -Policy = nonintervention, reintegration -Devloped by sociologist Howard Becker -The theory was prominent in the 1960s and 1970s -Labeling theory holds that deviance is not inherent to an act, but instead focuses on the linguistic tendency of majorities to negatively label minorities or those seen as deviant from norms. Rational Choice Theory -simply means that a person acts as if balancing costs against benefits to arrive at action that maximizes advantage -Devloper was Gary Becker -Patterns of behavior will develop within the society that result from those choices.
Social Learning Theory -Social learning theory or SLT is the theory that people learn new behavior through overt reinforcement or punishment, or via observational learning of the social factors in their environment. -people observe positive, desired outcomes in the observed behavior, then they are more likely to model, imitate, and adopt the behavior themselves. - Devloped by Julian Rotter Differential Association -Developed by Edwin Sutherland -Differential Association theory states that criminal behavior is learned behavior and learned via social interaction with others.

-They learn how to commit criminal acts; they learn motives, drives, rationalizations, and attitudes. It grows socially easier for the individuals to commit a crime. Anomie -Anomie is a sociological term meaning personal feeling of a lack of norms normlessness. BIOLOGICAL THEORY POSITIVE SCHOOLS -The Positivist school presumes that criminal behavior is caused by internal and external factors outside of the individual's control. -The scientific method was introduced and applied to study human behavior. -Positivism can be broken up into three segments which include biological, psychological and social positivism. -Deals with their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy PSYCHOLOGY -The study of the mind -This theory could include brain damage that happened when they were a kid SOCIAL -This theory is applied to a variety of approaches within criminology in particular and in sociology more generally as a conflict theory or structural conflict perspective in sociology and sociology of crime SORCES USED -http://en.wikipedia.org
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