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A brief history of language teaching

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karina hurtado

on 19 June 2014

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Transcript of A brief history of language teaching

A brief history of
language teaching

Latin
The Grammar-Translation
Method
Innovations in the
19th century
Child language learning
as model for language teaching
An increase in opportunities for communications led to the rejection of the Grammar-Translation Method
The Grammar-Translation Method
-Creates frustrations for students
-Few demand from teachers
Approaches
- Analysis of grammar rules
-Translation
-Vocabulary memorization
-Sentence as the basic unit
-Grammar taught deductively
-Instruction in student's native
language
Grammar Translation
dominated from 1840s to 1940s
Goals of foreign language study:
- Read its literature
-Intellectual development
-Focus on reading and writing
500 years ago Latin was the language of study.
Latin was taught by
-Learning of grammar rules
-Lists of vocabulary
-Translations
-Writing sentences
17th -19th centuries
The study of Latin and its grammar became the model for foreign language study
These became the procedures for teaching "modern" languages in the 18th century.
-Present new items in context
-Use gestures and actions to
convey meaning
These techniques became part of methods like the Situational Approach and Total Physical Response
The Reform Movement
-Linguistics emphasize speech as the primary form of language
- Phonetic training -pronunciation
-Spoken language and speech patterns
-Grammar taught inductively
- Teach new meaning through association within native language
- Translation avoided
late 19th century
The Direct Method
Principles
-
Instruction in the target language
-Question and answer
-Grammar taught inductively
-Focus on speech and pronunciation
-Teach vocabulary through visuals, actions and association of ideas
The methods era
Drawbacks
-Requires native speakers and depends on teacher skills
-Use of only target language, when a brief explanation in native language will be more efficient
20th century
Era of raise and fall of approaches and methods
-Audiolingual Method
- Situational Method
-Communicative Approach
-Content and Task Based Instruction Approaches
-Total Physical Response, among others
-The methods provide a view of the evolution of language teaching.
-Teachers should use the methods as source for best practices, which will provide with teaching skills.

THANK YOU
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