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The Effects of Urban Restructuring on Social Contacts and Leisure Activities of Youth

A case study in Utrecht, the Netherlands

Kirsten Visser

on 1 July 2011

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Transcript of The Effects of Urban Restructuring on Social Contacts and Leisure Activities of Youth

The Effects of happens to displaced households What ? Most households find a better dwelling ...on social contacts and leisure activities of youth Kirsten Visser, Gideon Bolt, Ronald van Kempen and Anita Kokx

Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University
the Netherlands. Leisure Activities Social Contacts Urban Restructuring Choice Constraints The emergence and composition of social networks is influenced by

in different (neighbourhood) settings Foci of Activity meeting opportunities Residential mobility
change in context and

of foci of activity How do young people actively to participate in neighbourhood settings and form new social networks after a residential move? Costs and benefits
Alternatives Attention to


of young people A large share of the adolescents quits decreases leisure activities or Quitting activities:
Age Adopting new activities:
Presence and relevance
Presence of friends "I'm playing basketball and soccer much less now. This has to do with the move. Most of my friends lived in the neighbourhood, and when the weather was nice we were always on the square playing basketball and soccer. Now it is much more difficult to meet with my friends, like "...let's go play basketball" of the forced movers and
of the other movers has of the forced movers lost friends after moving 21.5% For the other movers this was 25.0% Conclusion Thank you for your attention! Questions and remarks? kirstenvisser@geo.uu.nl
www.kirstenvisser.net The importance of "Most of my friends used to live in the same neighbourhood. We grew up together and we were together almost every day. We used to play soccer together. After the move the group fell apart. Each of us moved to different neighbourhoods. It is very difficult to get everybody together like before the move." Personal resiliency and agency
Presence of 'similar' people (homophily) "I don't have any friends in my new neighbourhood. Here there are few boys my age. In the previous neighbourhood there were many people my age. The boys my age that are here [in the new neighbourhood] have different interests than I have. I don't like to hang around with them." Most adolescents were able to make new friends Strong effect in the short run, but long term effects are more limited
No differences between forced and voluntary residential mobility
Most adolescents show high levels of resiliency
Research should focus more on the choice and agency of youth choice agency choose The present study Neighbourhoods with urban restructuring
Youth 12-21 years
Forced movers and a control group of other movers and non-movers
Survey + semi-structured interviews
Logistic regression analyses Those that lost friends: Are younger
Have high network-localness
Moved over longer distance time falling away 66.1% 52.5% at least of their friends in the neighourhood half again Making new friends is related to:
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