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Pakistan

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by

Allan Sandoval

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of Pakistan

By Alex Lorang, Allan Sandoval,
and Kayla Gallik Presenting The Facts of Pakistan Haven't been colonized since they separated from India
British were the original colonizers
Many issues have resulted from globalization
Military issues with the US
Economy
Religion Effects of Colonization
and Globalization Early Allies Pakistan and the United States Relationships with Neighboring Nations Religion in Pakistan Culture/Groups Current Problems Pakistan Current Problems Energy crisis:
Not enough electricity
Power shut off
Blackouts called load-shedding
Riots becoming routine

Minorities under attack:
World focus = Taliban
Sectarian terrorist groups
Targeting:
Shia
Ahmadi
Christians
Blasphemy Laws
Misused for injustice Cultures/Groups Gender Norms in Pakistan Islam (~97%)
Sunni
Shia
Other Religions (~3%)
Christianity
Hinduism
Bahá'í
Sikhism
Zoroastrianism/Parsis
Kalash
Ahmadiyya
declared non-Islamic Culture/Groups Sunni vs. Shia vs. Ahmadiyya Muslims are divided into sects:
Schools of jurisprudence
Maktab-e-Fikr (School of Thought)
Split in authority, NOT belief

Sunni:
Leader is elected best for community
~70-80% of Muslims (in Pakistan)

Shia:
Leader from prophet's family
~20-30% of Muslims (in Pakistan)

Ahmadiyya:
Government doesn't consider them Islamic
Amended constitutional definition of Muslim
"Believe in finality of Prophet Muhammad"
~1.42% of Pakistanis Culture/Groups Food Culture Influences of Religion:
Ramadan
Id al-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr)
Bakr-Id

Outside Religious Festivals:
Dietary staples: bread, rice, vegetables, meat
Popular meat = lamb
Bread culture
Variety of spices Who prepares the meals?
Women

Two Basic Perceptions:
Subordination
Where honor resides

What does this mean?
Confinement
Housework
Exclusion

Good Man vs. Good Woman:
Financial stability
Unselfish First to recognize Pakistan as a nation
Convenience against India/Soviet Union Works Cited Enter Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement Work Against the Soviets
Prevention of invasion in Afghanistan
Weariness over nuclear ambitions Pakistan and the United States Downfall Economic and Military Aid suspended
After Soviets leave Afghanistan
Pressler Amendment Questionable Alliances
United Arab Emirates
Taliban
Refusing to aid with Bin Laden Nuclear Bomb Testing
Full sanctions and restrictions Pakistan and the United States Rise to the Occasion 9/11 attacks
Sanctions lifted
War on Terror Military Aid
Capture of Khalid Sheik Mohammed
Detainment of Abdul Qadeer Khan Kashmir Earthquake Aid Pakistan and the United States Back Down Musharaf Declares State of Emergency Toll of the War on Terror
Drone strikes
Raymond Davis Bin Laden killed
Pakistan blamed of incompetence NATO Airstrike
US apology and reopening of supply lines Relationships with Neighboring Nations Iran Afghanistan Relationships with Neighboring Nations India Drone Strikes/Targets:
Central terror-fighting strategy
6x more launched by CIA
Kill people before they kill you
High-level targets and civilians
U.S. makes changes to system
Increased sensitivity

Mumbai Terror Group:
Pakistani government unable/unwilling
Treasury Department issued order
Prohibits business/freeze assets
Compelling Pakistan to take initiative
No resounding impact to terrorist designation Mostly peaceful, cooperative relationship, mutual respect
Bonding over
Indo-Iranian heritage
Geography
Distrust of US as an ally
Mutual help against India and Iraq Like Iran, relatively peaceful and respectful Durand Line Conflict
Drawn in 1893 by the British
Separated Baluchis and Pushtuns
Problematic, unstable legality
July 1949 bombings first challenged legality of line Competitive, tense, and hostile relationship
Mainly due to Kashmir Conflicts Indo-Pakistani Wars
1947- Conflict for princely state of Kashmir and Jammu, Maharaja of states.
Ends in split territory. 1965 - Operation Gibraltar
Largest tank battle since WWII
Intervention from US and Soviets Relationships with Neighboring Nations India Indo-Pakistani Wars
1971 - DID NOT involve Kashmir
Conflict between West and East Pakistan
India aided to liberation of East, led to creation of Bangladesh. 1999 - Kargil Crisis
Kashmir and Pakistan inviltrate Indian Line of Control
Recent case of Mountain Warfare
Only conventional direct warfare between nuclear states (Kayla Gallik) Islamic Republic of Pakistan
6th most populous country in the world (190,291,000+)
Capital = Islamabad
National anthem = Qaumi Tarana
Currency = Pakistani rupee
President = Asif Ali Zardari
Languages = Urdu and English
Official religion = Islam The History Indus Valley civilization
Formerly part of India
Founded in 1947 two months after India gained its freedom form Britain
Separated based on religion
Founded by Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Became a democracy in 1970 (Alex Lorang) “Pakistan.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online
Academic Edition.Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2013. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/438805/Pakistan>.
CIA - The World Factbook. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 12
Feb. 2013. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <https://www.cia.gov/library/ publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html#top>. (Allan Sandoval) Emadi, Hafizullah. "Durand
Line and Afghan-Pak Relations." Pakistan Institute of International Affairs 25.28 (1990): 1515-1516. JSTOR. Web. 9 March 2013. Ganguly, Sumit. "Wars Without End: The Indo-
Pakistani Conflict." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 541 (1995): 167-178. JSTOR. Web. 8 March 2013 Kaphle, Anup. "Highs and Lows in US-
Pakistan Relations." Washington Post (2012). Web. 8 March 2013. Mohammadally, Safia S. "Pakistan-Iran
Relations (1947-1949)." Pakistan Horizon 32.4 (1979): 51-63. JSTOR. 9 March 2013 Shakoor, Farzana. "The Kargil Crisis: An
Analysis." Pakistan Institute of International Affairs. 52.3 (1999):49-65. JSTOR. 9 March 2013. "About Pakistani Food." SBSfood.com.au. SBS, 01 July 2008.
Web. 9 Mar. 2013.

Ahmad, Imtiaz. "Religions in Pakistan."
Prideofpakistan.com. Pride of Pakistan, n.d. Web. 9 Mar. 2013.

Ali, Tazeen S., Gunilla Krantz, Raisa Gul, Nargis Asad, Eva
Johansson, and Ingrid Mogren. "Gender Roles and Their Influence on Life Prospects for Women in Urban Karachi, Pakistan: A Qualitative Study." Global Health Action 4 (2011): n. pag. National Center for Biotechnology Information PMC. Web. 9 Mar. 2013.

Breslow, Jason M. "Report: White House Expands Role in
Guiding Drone Targets." Pbs.org. PBS, 23 May 2012. Web. 10 Mar. 2013.

Buncombe, Andrew. "Pakistan's Minorities Are under Attack
and the Country's Blasphemy Laws Must Share the Blame." The Independent. Independent Digital News and Media, 10 Mar. 2013. Web. 10 Mar. 2013.

Coleman, Isobel. "Gender Disparities, Economic Growth and
Islamization in Pakistan." Cfr.org. Council on Foreign Relations, July 2004. Web. 10 Mar. 2013.

"Food in Every Country." Food in Pakistan. Advameg, Inc.,
n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2013.

Imtiaz, Huma. "Who's Paying Pakistan's Electricity Bill?"
Foreignpolicy.com. Foreign Policy, 8 Mar. 2013. Web. 10 Mar. 2013.

Khan, Azmat. "A Dire Power Shortage." Pbs.org. PBS, 4 Oct.
2011. Web. 10 Mar. 2013.

Rotella, Sebastian. "U.S. Pressures Pakistan on Mumbai
Terror Group." Pbs.org. PBS, 4 Sept. 2012. Web. 10 Mar. 2013.

Shuster, Mike. "The Origins of the Shia-Sunni Split."
NPR.org. NPR, 12 Feb. 2007. Web. 10 Mar. 2013.
Full transcript