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Copy of The Crisis Number 1 by Thomas Paine
Transcript of Copy of The Crisis Number 1 by Thomas Paine
2. hell - Paine knows most listening do believe in hell, so the comparison of British rule to hell is drawn with the intent of exerting a heavy psychological impact on his audience.
3. slavery - Paine is trying to associate British rule with slavery.
4. tyranny - Paine links a tyrant with British rule purposely to frighten the colonists into a
continued fight for freedom. Thomas Paine Short Bio Aphorisms
Under pressure from an external threat of power, people will come together under a united front for protection...self-preservation and self-interest are bored into the minds of those being threatened. Thomas Paine (1737-1809) was one of the greatest writers of the Revolutionary era. Paine joined General George Washington's army in New Jersey in December 1776. By then, Washington was a desperate man. As the soldiers prepared, Paine, at Washington's request, at once began writing the series of essays called The Crisis. Their purpose was to inspire hope and to remind people of what they were fighting for: freedom.
Antithesis "What signifies it to me, whether he who does it is a king or a common man: my countryman, or not my countryman; whether it be done by an individual villain or an army of them?"
By using multiple contrasts (king to common man, countryman to not countryman, one enemy to an army of enemies), Paine constructs a balanced sentence that packs a punch. Thomas Paine invokes the rhetorical device of pathos to spark the necessary emotion and passion in order to win support for a united colonist front in the War for Independence. Diction! The power and emotion of words is crucial to persuasion! List of Aphorisms: "Though the flame of liberty may sometimes cease to shine, the coal can never expire" "It matters not where you live, or what rank of life you hold, the evil or the blessings will reach you all"
“These are the times that try men’s souls” "Mutual fear is the principal link in the chain of mutual love” "The harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph"
Represents the persuasive power and credibility of the piece. Employed to leave an impression on the general audience that the author wants to reach. Thomas Paine utilizes the rhetorical device of ethos in order to convince the readers to embrace his viewpoint on independence from Britain. He sees America's right to independence as basic common sense, and works to instill this view in his audience by using persuasive, powerful syntax throughout the essay. Thomas Paine utilizes the rhetorical device of logos in order to give his essay's argument a logical appeal. His writing vehemently conveys his belief that going to war is simply a necessity if the American people want to achieve independence. Paine's tone is urgent and emotionally charged. His word choice (by employing words such as "hell", "destruction", and "liberty") exemplifies this feeling of urgency and appeals to the pathos of the readers. In the area of imagery he takes general examples from their society and applies it to his justification, e.g the thief breaking into your house scenario. Refers to the internal consistency of the message. It involves the clarity of the claim, the logic of its reasons, and the effectiveness of the evidence. Analogy “but if a thief breaks into my house, burns and destroys my property, and kills or threatens to kill me, or those that are in it, and to “bind me in all cases whatsoever,” to his absolute will, am I to suffer?”
Paine compares a destructive thief to the British king. Through this analogy, he implores the colonists to stand up against the king, just as they would not suffer the offenses of a thief in silence. Paine is writing persuasively. Anecdote "A father who owned a tavern at Amboy held his son in his arms and said, “Give me peace in my day.”
(Paine is appealing to the logic that
every man desires to be good fathers
and "men" in the eyes of their children.--- Superman Complex!!!)
Paine says that the man is unfatherly because a "generous parent" would have said, "Let me fight now that my children myay have peace. Any man who does not fight now to gain freedom so that his children will not have to fight is a coward. Allusion “…show your faith by your works” alludes to James 2:18 which says, “Show me
thy faith without works, and I will show thee my faith by my works.” What is an aphorism? An aphorism is a concise, memorable statement that is written with an air of asserting the plain truth. It is often used as a persuasive device. Example In other words: An antithesis involves the usage of words with opposite meaning. It gives a sentence a more balanced and powerful effect. Example: Attitude Equating British Tyranny over colonists to slavery "Britain, with an army to enforce her tyranny, has declared that she has a right (not only to TAX) but "to BIND us in ALL CASES WHATSOEVER" and if being bound in that manner, is not slavery, then there is not such a thing as slavery upon earth. Even the expression is impious, for so unlimited a power can belong only to God..." Paine appeals to the logos of his readers by inserting a common reality held during the 18th century: slavery. He set out to convince the colonists that the tyrant in England had constricted the colonies in her grasp and transformed the colonists into slaves. The colonists were unjustly bound in these figurative heavy, iron chains and forced into submission, but now it was time for the colonists to rise up uniformly for not only did this encroach upon their natural liberties and unalienable rights, but that omnipotent status the the British had managed to obtain was wrong for such unlimited power can only be attributed to God. Syntax The Crisis was written in an elegantly simple voice. Paine stayed away from terminology that was incoherent to the many un-educated common artisans and craftsmen. It was written in common, everyday language; he understood that easily readable material would be accepted. In his essay, he not only outlined the problems and struggles with Britain but also argued them. He utilizes a variety of sentence types (e.g. complex, simple, and compound) to stray from a sense of monotony in his essay and to evoke more persuasion and passion within his logic. "My own line of reasoning is to myself as straight and clear as a ray of light." Conclusion It is no wonder that the American colonists rose up as a unifrom front to fight off the tyrannous British. With successfully persuasive orators and essayists such as Thomas Paine it is truly no mystery that the Americans chose to pick up their muskets and fight for their independence. The submission and silence of the colonists was broken, and Paine's Crisis Number 1 is a magnificent example of the rationally-motivated and emotionally-motivated justification behind this War for Independence. It is for this reasoning that Paine and his work was truly successful.