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Transcript of The Pact
He was involved in drug dealing and he himself was a drug addict.
As a teenager, he was beaten in the head with some type of heavy blunt object, and as a result lost a lot of blood and almost died.
He becomes paralyzed in his right side when he gets involved in fighting.
His condition forces him to live in a residential home for the disabled in a suburb called Cedar Grove.
His relationship with his brother, Sam, gets better as Sam grows older, and they become closer with one another.
He gave Sam a leather photo album for Christmas with all the memories from when they were young to adults.
By: Drs. Sampson Davis, George Jenkins, and Rameck Hunt
Group #1: Rishika Joshi, Matt Bernstein, Josh Colburn, Adin Chiappa
Conflict: "Self vs. Society" (Class Notes)
The character or group of characters fight against the society in which they live and sometimes in order to survive
Character usually fights against rules, freedom, rights, stereotypes, causes of problems, etc
Later, society becomes a "character" of its own
Usually, comments on the positive and negative aspects of society and eventually fight for change
Self vs. Society Conflict in
"I was loyal. That was the code of the streets. These are your boys. You stick by them, and if necessary, you fight for them" (78).
Rameck thought he had an obligation to follow his friend's rule in order to be "liked" by others.
Rameck's friends on the street influenced him towards the wrong direction. He started to see himself getting into drugs and unneeded violence. An example of unneeded violence is when he stabbed a homeless guy just to look "cool" in front of friends. Because of the consequences he faced, he told himself that he doesn't want to live his life in and out of jail.
"To me, the experience was barbaric. 'Never again,' I told myself. I didn't want to spend my life this way" (85).
Peer pressure had been one of the main reasons why Rameck ended up in jail.
Rameck took his jail time as a learning experience and decided that he was better than that. This gave Rameck motivation when trying to further his education. He felt that either he was going to live his life in and out of jail or study hard and get rewarded in life.
Self vs. Society Conflict in
"But by age fifteen I had started to slip. I was hanging out until one A.M. with guys who were four to seven years older. We sat around drinking forty ounces of malt liquor and talking trash" (36).
Sam's surrounding friends really shaped who he became at the time. His friends influencing him to drink almost gave him the urge to keep drinking which would have resulted in Sam becoming an alcohol addict.
He grew up in a society, full of drug addicts, thieves, and criminals which made him feel like that all he could become in life.
Sam was an extraordinary student but the people in his society prevented him from reaching his highest potential by influencing him to keep drinking alcohol and commiting crimes such as stealing a vacuum cleaner.
"I wanted to do the right thing, but it seemed that everywhere I turned, someone or something was always pulling me in the opposite direction" (89).
Even though Sam wanted to do the right thing and not sell drugs, his friends and people around made him believe that drugs was the only was to make a decent amount of money.
Eventually Sam ended in jail.
Self vs. Society Conflict in The Pact
"If they laughed at me or called me punk, geek, nerd, or corny, they did so behind my back. I walked the same dangerous streets as the guys selling drugs and stealing cars, and I was cool with many of them" (11).
George had enough will power in staying away from bad influences in his society such as drug dealers.
Even though most of his friends and society view Sam as a nerd and geek, he tries to fight back by not following their foot steps and reminds himself that he needs to complete his goal which had been being a successful dentist.
"Breaking up with my girlfriend whenever I started a new phase of my life would become a pattern" (104).
Through more and more experience, George comes to find out that his life in the future is more important to him than his life as a teenager. He is willing to make sacrifices as a teen(breaking up with his girlfriend) in order to stay on task and further his education.
Literary Theory: Maslow's Hierachy of Needs
Sam experiences fighting between parents which leads to their separation.
The relationship between Sam, George, and Rameck becomes stronger as they all share common likes, dislikes, and life goals.
All three men get a chance to attend University High School in Newark because of their academic excellence.
George hears about the program created for minority groups by Seton Hall University and starts think about his future.
George decides to share this life changing opportunity to Rameck, Sam, and eventually make a pact that promises they all will stay together for a similar life goal & help each other.
Rameck goes to jail for beating the person wanting to buy drugs in order to prove his toughness infront of his friends.
Rameck's friends threaten him to tell the truth about who's plan it was to almost kill the stranger on the street.
Rameck finally feels abandoned from his friends and breaks away from them and begins to spend time with Sam & George in order to focus on his future.
"Author: George Jenkins." Tantor Audio. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2014. <http://www.tantor.com/AuthorDetail.asp?Author=Jenkins_G>.
"Balance of the Cast." The PACT Movie. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2014. <http://www.thepactthemovie.com/cast/gallery
"Conflict VS Resolution | Publish with Glogster!." Glogster. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2014. <http://www.glogster.com ss-0374/conflict-vs-resolution/g-6l19mmeus2pu55aoe6fs9a0>.
Davis, Sampson, George Jenkins, and Rameck Hunt. The pact: three young men make a promise and fulfill a dream. New York: Riverhead Books, 2003. Print.
"Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2014. <https://images.google.com/>.
Luna, Donna. "Types of conflict." Types of conflict. N.p., 27 Sept. 2013. Web. 24 May 2014. <http://www.slideshare.net/Donnaluna1/typesofconflict-101018115312phpapp01>.
"LYCEUM LECTURE: THE THREE DOCTORS." North Carolina Central University. N.p., 5 Mar. 2006. Web. 25 May 2014. <http://www.nccu.edu/news/index.cfm?id=739E5E59-C295-3D7D-E382A990DE156BCE>.
"Seton Hall University Photos." Seton Hall University. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2014. <http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/seton-hall-university-2632/photos>.
"The Three Doctors." The Three Doctors. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2014. <http://www.threedoctorsfoundation.org/>.
From left to right: Rameck Hunt, Sampson Davis, George Jenkins as grown-up doctors
Left to right: Rameck, George, Sam as successful doctors
Characters and Character Development
Literary Theory Best
Represented in the Novel
Rameck, Sam, & George were born and raised in Newark, New Jersey.
All three men grew up in poor, broken homes with crime, drugs, and death just outside their homes.
Newark, and the several communities surrounding Newark, were worn down from the constant violence and drugs in the communities.
No Doctors nor Lawyers were present on the streets Newark.
After observing the fast money many hustlers made, many kids recognized the amount of money they were making and followed their footsteps and became hustlers themselves.
Lives of most young people are defined by their friends depending on if they are Black, White, Hispanic, Asian, and rich, poor, or middle-class.
Boys are expected to gain respect and prove they're bad in order to fit in with their friends.
Young people tangled in friendship that require them to prove themselves by fighting, & showing their manhood, not caring if they loose their life.
Each men experienced friendships that could have possibly destroyed themselves & their future dreams.
Ma (Ellen Bradley)
He has an illiterate mother and his parents got divorced when he was only eleven.
At Dayton Street Elementary School, he was one of the smartest kids in school.
He agreed to sell drugs because poverty drove him in the wrong direction. Additionally, he did not want to appear "weak" to his friends.
Sam soon gets arrested for selling drugs. After his arrest, he completely changes himself and leaves his group of drug dealer friends
He gets accepted to University High School and goes on with his education up to Seton Hall University to become a doctor
Sam's sister, Fellease, battles AIDS which influences Sam to never give up when problems arrive.
He graduated successfully with a 3.6 GPA receiving a doctorate degree
Ma is Rameck's grandmother.
She acted as a mother to Rameck, even though she did not get along well with Rameck's real mother.
She was born and raised in Newark
Ma loved playing cards and cooking huge Sunday dinners for all of the family
She eventually bought a house in Plainfield, not far from Newark, to raise her children
George wanted to become a dentist since he was a young child.
He moved to Newark with his mother and brother.
His mother and father where divorced, which left George without a fatherly figure to rely on.
He was always hardworking and did very well in school.
Ms. Johnson (3rd Grade teacher) was a mentor to George through out his childhood.
He became friends with Sam in 7th grade, and Rameck during his freshman year of high school.
He attended Seton Hall with Sam and Rameck to become doctors.
He created a rap group with Sam and another friend on campus called A.R.T. (Another Rough Tribe).
He did not have the grades to enter the Access Med program along with Sam and Rameck.
Today, he is a dentist in the Newark area.
He helped create The Three Doctors Foundation along with Sam and Rameck.
He lived with his grandmother, Ma, for most of his childhood.
"She was more than a grandmother to me. She was like my mother, too" (41). --> Ma played a big role in Rameck's life, providing him with a sense of security and safety.
"I attended a different elementary school every year, except in third and fourth grades" (45). --> He had a tough childhood education.
He needed to begin supporting himself at age 13 because both of his parents were drug addicts
Rameck attended University High with Sam and George.
He often got into trouble when he was with his "Plainfield boys".
Soon, he began spending more time with Sam and George, and became a member of "the pact" to become a doctor.
He got accepted into Seton Hall and had to work hard at school but also got into some trouble.
While at Seton Hall, he fell in love with a girl named Kay.
His success at Seton Hall allowed him to qualify for Access Med at Rutgers.
He accepted a residency in the Newark area (Robert Wood Johnson).
Rameck graduated from Med-School.
"...Rameck, the skeptic and activist, who was outraged by injustice and always believed there was something he could do to make things right" (229).
George and Rameck begin a rap group called A.R.T. (Another Rough Tribe).
Sam and Rameck get accepted into an Access Med program. This leads them to Rutgers University.
Sam contemplates becoming a doctor because of all the work.
All three boys work multiple jobs to try and earn extra money for books, food, etc.
The three boys start a scribe service for lectures to make extra money.
George moves back with his mom and takes over the apartment, where he has troubles with money and living space
George moves back to Newark.
Rameck goes to jail for having a knife in his car.
The police loose the knife, so Rameck is let free due to lack of evidence. While he was awaiting the verdict, Rameck realized how close he was to ruining all of his hardwork of becoming a doctor. If he was charged with a crime, then it would make the process of becoming a doctor much more difficult.
She is George's third grade teacher.
She influenced George by giving him the motivation to keep working hard in school in order to succeed.
"She made a lanky, mild-mannered kid growing up in a tough place feel smart and special. She also made me curious about the world I had yet to see" (14).
Because of the way she treated George, it lead him to love school.
Summary: Chapters 6-10
By Sam's junior year in high school he was drinking, hanging out late, and selling crack.
Sam had a difficult time saying, "No", to peer pressure when dealing with his friends.
After Sam was arrested for selling crack and possession of a gun, he turned his attention towards getting into college because he saw what could potentially happen(more jail time) to him if he continues selling drugs.
All three boys were accepted into Seton Hall and decided to go together and continue their pact.
The Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Summer Camp required the three boys to work harder in their education which had been one of the first times they had to work as hard as possible.
The three boys began to turn to their counselor, Carla, for help and support throughout college such as when Sam debated dropping out of school.
Rameck begins to get into trouble while in college when he slams a white classmate and steals from the school bookstore.
Rameck, Sam, and George created Ujima, an organization that helps mentor kids in poor neighborhoods. This gave kids in the communities role models.
Summary: Chapters 11-15
Summary: Chapters 16-Epilogue
Sam fails his first state board exam and has trouble concentrating; ready to give up with medical school, but, Sam, George, Camille, and the professors give him hope & perseverance.
Sam passes the exam his second time with help by his counselors & friends.
Sam gets to evaluate patients & determine the appropriate treatments: first time Sam felt right about something.
Sam thinks all young people should have perseverance in order to survive through obstacles & never give up even if failure hits you in the face.
All three doctors successfully graduate at the same time.
Three Black men appear in the newspaper title called "Start of something new" for receiving a doctorate degree.
Rameck's grandmother moves to South Carolina & dies because of having cirrhosis of the liver.
Three doctors research & establish The Three Doctor's Foundation to give young people hope to become what they want & influence them to complete their life goals without getting tangled into their friend's opinion.
Themes best represented in the novel
Peer pressure from friends can influence one's behavior and actions.
Perseverance- never giving up even when tough obstacles arise in your path.
Loyalty- sticking together with the pact
Successful- the "American Dream", horrible town of Newark to successful doctors
Power of friendship- helping each other in the hard times and getting involved in successful moments
Motifs best represented in the novel
Racism appears almost everywhere: school, town, but only few in college.
Poverty= most of the kids that grew up and lived in Newark belonged to working class citizens that can financially only cover the basic needs such as food, shelter, and clothing.
Fatherless sons= Most of these young boys went through their childhood without fathers because most of them were either in jail or abandoned them. Without a father figure, these boys weren't provided someone to look up to and to steer them away from bad choices.
Drugs= With the mixture of financial problems and no role model in their lives boys in Newark saw drugs as an opportunity to make fast money and to escape the hard lives they have to go through everyday.
Peer pressure= Without role models in these boys' live, they turn to each other to seek somewhere where they belong and have a family. Because many of these boys know that all they have in their lives is each other, they feel pressured into things such as drugs in order to fit in with the others. Because of this pressure these boys turn to crimes in order look "cool".
Seton Hall University, where Sam, Rameck, and George went to college
Carla is Rameck's, Sam's, and George's college counselor.
She offered a lot of encouragement and advice to the three boys that helped them succeed in college.
She was inspired by Jawanza Kunjufu's writings.
She herself grew up near Newark.
She promised not to allow any single one of the boys to drop out and also guided and protected the boys through her life and educational advice.
Newark, New Jersey Ghettos
The Three Doctor's Foundation
University High School in Newark, New Jersey that Sam, George, and Rameck attended
READ THE PACT BY DRS. SAMPSON DAVIS, GEORGE JENKINS, AND RAMECK HUNT & WE GUARANTEE IT WILL DEFINITELY CHANGE YOUR VIEWS & GIVE YOU NEW HOPES FOR YOUR BRIGHT FUTURE!!
Themes shown throughout the novel
Sam Davis (Continued)
"My eyes took in everything, and back then, Mom was the first person I turned to for an interpretation" (16).
As a young child, Sam looked up to his mom for almost everything because he was just trying to learn how to live life.
Unfortunately, his mother could not read or write because she never received the education in order to do so. Thus, Sam did not have anyone that taught him how to succeed and deal with obstacles in life.
He also didn't have a father figure to guide him as a child and provide him with fatherly help and advice.
"After my first couple of years of college, I grew tired of the countless hours of studying and never quite feeling like I belonged, even with Rameck and George constantly at my side" (124).
College and medical school was a pain for Sam because he wasn't prepared for the amount of work required in college and medical school because he did not come from a well-educated high school.
He starts to give up and debates dropping out of college, especially when he fails his medical school board exam. However, George and Rameck pull him back, showing him possible solutions to get through his obstacles.
"For me, those moments have been as simple as seeing the gratitude in a patient's eyes or as grand as watching a patient you've fought to save gradually come back to life" (244).
After successfully passing the medical school board exam the second time and completing his residency, Sam becomes an emergency room doctor.
When Sam becomes a doctor, his main priority becomes to save as many lives as possible everyday.
He finally realizes how saving even one life can bring a smile is someone's face and reuniting broken families.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
A human's needs in life
Five different levels of needs, with the basic needs at the bottom of the pyramid, psychological needs in the middle, and self-fulfillment needs at the top
Self actualization: achieving one's full potential, including creative activities.
Esteem Needs: prestige and feeling of accomplishment.
Belongingness and love needs: intimate relationships, friends.
Safety Needs: security, safety.
Physiological needs: food, water, warmth, and rest.
George Jenkins (Continued)
"My eyes followed the dentist's gloved hands from the silver tray to my chair to my wide-open mouth" (5).
When George was a young child, about five years old, he had decided he that he wanted to be a dentist.
George began to have true dreams for his future to become a successful dentist and he did this by pursuing his interest in the beauty of education.
"I knew that if I gave my books enough time, I was guaranteed to become a dentist. But I could go into the studio a million, and no matter how good the songs were, I wasn't guaranteed to sell those records" (161).
In the middle of medical school, George had a new passion of becoming a rapper and he was so interested in it that he began to forget about his long time dream of becoming a dentist.
Then, he realizes the life of a dentist is far better than the life of a rapper because of salary, helping people, and especially influencing young minority group of people in the medical field.
"It was a beautiful, sunny morning, and we arrived in our black caps and gowns and colorful hoods. My mother, my father, my grandmother, and most of my aunts and uncles, as wellas my childhood friends-Na-im and Abdul, Shahid Jackson and his father and brother-were all there" (227).
The day of George's graduation from medical school was the most significant part of his life because he finally completed his goal of becoming a successful dentist.
On the day of graduation, George had support from all his family members and friends. Everyone thought George as their father and he became a role model for young people.
All of George's hard work had paid off later when he became a successful dentist at the end.
"Because of her steady job, our pantry and refrigerator were always full of food" (10).
George describes how his family was always stable because of his mother's stable job.
One of George's physiological needs because he has enough food to eat that a growing child needs for their age. This happens because of George's responsible mother who cares about her family and never quits the job to keep a stable economy at her house.
Although George didn't have a father figure, his mother always took care of him and gave a true mother's warmth that a child needs in order to survive and grow up as a successful person.
"I wasn't afraid of them; I was afraid of what they would think of me. I didn't want to appear weak or afraid" (91).
Sam describes how his friends gave him the idea of mixing tobacco of a cigarette with cocaine and selling it to the public.
Sam knew it was a bad plan to illegally mix drugs and sell it to the public but he had choice other than just doing what his friends said.
Sam's belongingness needs because he wants to have a strong relationship with his friends and "fit in" with his group of friends.
Sam's self esteem need left him because he wasn't proud in not supporting his friends and not participating in drug dealing. This happened because Sam gave importance to his belongingness rather than his self esteem.
"On the way there, I prayed that Ma would be okay, but somehow I knew she wouldn't. When I arrived, family members were crying and hugging one another in the family room just outside the intensive care unit" (236).
Rameck describes how his grandmother had passed away.
One of Rameck's basic needs, his safety needs, suffers because of Ma's death. He now lacks the security and safety Ma once provided him which gave him the drive to keep succeding.
Rameck no longer has Ma to turn to for help or advice and doesn't feel secure as he once felt.Thankfully during the time of Ma's death, Rameck had the Pact to support him and give him motivation when he feels hopeless.
When Ma passed away, some of Rameck's security and safety needs also left with her. These struggles can be shown when Rameck get himself in college with other colleagues.
After Sam failed his first state board exam, he seriously considered quitting medicine. However, Carla convinced him to continue with medicine and keep "the pact" together.
"This was it, I told her. I was done with medicine" (218).
Sam states the above quote to his counselor, Carla, when he considers dropping out of college.
Sam went through with quitting medicine, and dropped out of Med-School.
The Pact would have been broken, and as a result, there would have been less of a chance of Rameck and George completing Med-School as well. Rameck and George would have had one less person to push them to do well in school, thus causing their grades to drop and create a lack of motivation to succeed. Sam dropping out of Med-School may have created a domino effect on Rameck and George, and they too may have dropped out of Med-School, hence completely changing all three member's of "the pact" lives.
"At thirteen, I got my first job, sweeping hair from the floor of Bill's Barbershop in Plainfield" (52).
Since Rameck's parents could not afford to give him any money because of their poverty, Rameck found a way of helping himself get through his economic problems and buy books for school.
Rameck will never give up his education for anything. If he has problems, he will find new ways to make money.
"When I failed the state board exam, the light in the tunnel disappeared. But I just kept crawling toward my goal" (222).
When Sam failed the state board exam the first time, he felt depressed and was ready to give up.
But Sam knew you had to give yourself second chance in order to succeed, and later he did pass the state board exam the second time with a very high score.
"But I began to push myself harder because he was my boy. Rameck helped me to develop a more skeptical, analytical side" (192).
When George gets lower grades in his tests and exams compared to Rameck and Sam, he still tries to get better because he knows one day his hard-work will eventually pay-off.
With the help of Rameck and Sam, George learns to persevere. He learns helpful study methods from Rameck and Sam in order to get a higher grade in his tests and exams
Sam, Rameck, and George all grew up without a true father in their lives, thus proving another characteristic of the self vs. society conflict as these three characters grew up without a father.
"I thought jail was where my father lived.... It didn't seem abnormal because many of my friends' fathers were in jail, too" (47).
Rameck explains how the majority of kids grew up without fathers in towns such as Newark
Sam, Rameck, and George all had their fathers as a part of their lives throughout their childhood and adult life.
A characteristic in the three boy's self vs. society conflict would have been resolved. They would have had a father figure to give them guidance and life advice. Additionally, having a father may also eliminate some of the other conflicts with society such as drugs and alcohol. This would be due to the fact that several of the boys turned to drugs and alcohol as a way to "fit in", however if they had a father figure to tell them what was right and what was wrong, then maybe they would have never turned to alcohol or drugs
"But I'd have to say that the kinds of friends I chose-positive guys who wanted to do the right thing-made a huge difference in how my life turned out" (107).
George was the only character from the novel that didn't get affected by peer pressure because he started to hang out with friends that had similar interest with him and similar life goals.
He always knew that the type of friends you chose to hang out with did affect your life and lead to your dreams being crushed.
"I had bought a switchblade.... I knew I would
really impress my boys if I pulled it out now.... I jabbed the crackhead lightly in the thigh.... I tried to appear cool..." (81).
Rameck knew that he was doing the wrong thing by almost killing the crackhead because he knew that the crackhead was somebody's father in the back of his mind.
But, Rameck decides to stab the crackhead to appear "cool" in front of his friends because in the community where Rameck lived, people were considered cool if they killed people, sold drugs, and stole belongings.
"Kids who did well in school were
considered nerds. I wanted to be cool.
And more than anything, I wanted to fit
Even though Sam was an extraordinary student at school, he was scared to do well in school because he got teased from his friends by calling him nerd, geek, etc.
The name calling from his friends prevented him from doing well in his class and he eventually starts to hang out with the wrong group of friends.
Rameck, Sam, and George have a soft spot in their heart and they are kindhearted people.
The three men create The Three Doctor's Foundation as a way to give back to their community. It is an organization that helps raise money for kids in poor communities to go to school.
By creating The Three Doctor's Foundation, Sam Rameck, and George fulfill their self-fulfillment needs of esteem and self actualization. Helping out other kids in need provides them with a sense of accomplishment and they also are achieving their full potential by using their resources and knowledge to help other kids in need out.