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Malnutrition in the Philippines

Group IV project, sciences, IB
by

Mariam Muzaffar

on 11 May 2016

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Transcript of Malnutrition in the Philippines

Mariam Muzaffar
Armann Sandhu,
Sisuri Hemakumara
Kelsey So
Elisha Wang,
Chan Gim

Malnutrition in the Philippines
Introduction
A shortage of food due to low pay for farmers and inefficient distribution of food has led to the following and more in the Philippines:
Starvation
Different forms of malnutrition
Inflated prices of food

Primary Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM)
PEM is often caused by a protein deficiency which is a result of starvation or undernourishment.
A more specific version of PEM is Kwashiokor
Seawater Greenhouse
Some symptoms include
Dry, peeling skin, hair discoloration, swelling of the face, poor appetite
Methods of Prevention?
A seawater greenhouse is a greenhouse structure that enables the growth of crops using saltwater and solar energy. Seawater is evaporated at the front of the greenhouse to create cool humid conditions inside. A proportion of the evaporated seawater is then condensed as fresh water that can be used to irrigate the crops. Extra freshwater created in the Seawater Greenhouse can be used to irrigate additional crops grown outside the greenhouse. The cool and humid conditions in the greenhouse enable crops to grow with very little water. When crops are not stressed by excessive transpiration, both the yield and the quality are higher.

The greenhouse will have a roof made out of polycarbonate panels. Polycarbonate panels are manufactured out of a hard plastic polymer substance. Polycarbonate panels are lightweight, flame resistant, and energy efficient. Polycarbonate panels help protect the plants from harmful UV-Rays. Once the UV-light is reflected, only the visible light enters the greenhouse.
Proteins are organic compounds that contain the element nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They do most of the work in cells and are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body’s tissues and organs. Proteins are made up of hundreds or thousands of smaller units called amino acids, which are attached to one another in long chains. There are 20 different types of amino acids that can be combined to make a protein.

Lentils
Lima beans
Peas
Each plant has its own specific conditions needed to grow to its maximum capacity. Such as Lima beans which require a soil that has a pH of 5.6-6.0 , unlike Lentils which require a soil that has a pH of 6-8
UV light
sunlight
visible light
Foods That Help With The Digestion Of Proteins
Acidic foods
Which contain protease that can make your stomach a more acidic environment for breaking down protein
Examples include: orange juice, most types of fruits

Light from the Sun passes through the glass roof of the greenhouse as visible light because the UV light is reflected off the polycarbonate. The visible light that enters heats the plants and ground inside. These objects then emit infrared radiation that is absorbed or reflected by the glass roof, thus trapping the thermal energy in the greenhouse instead of letting it escape. This helps keep the building in a constant and proper climate for the crops.

Protein Structure
Lentils
About 3 million children in the Philippine islands are malnourished and some common diseases that result from this are protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), vitamin A deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, and iodine deficiency disorder (IDD).
Soil
Soil in the Philippines, is degraded to a point where the crops are surely to die, due to the poor water holding capacity, lack of nutrients found in the soil and the use of chemicals.

Inorganic fertilizers
-In the soil they undergo chemical reactions that might produce acids or base
which can plants that is not suitable f.
-High chance of leaching and "burning" of plant.
-Do not sustain the soil.
Example:
Ammonium sulfate:

Pesticides- Chemicals that kill microorganisms that help the plants. Example, there are special bacteria that take nitrogen out of the air and convert it into a form plants can use. There are also fungi that produce phosphorus.

The best type of soil that is:
Both filled with nutrients and has a strong ability to retain water, is known as loamy
Soil and its pH isn't too acidic or basic to destroy plants, this soil would be the one used for our greenhouse
No harmful chemical in fertilizer.
Strong Soil Structure

What can we change?
Use Organic fertilizer or Use Bio fertilizers or Use alternative of pesticide
- Reduced chance of leaching. -Have the same advantage as Organic fertilizers. -Crop traps
- Little risk to toxic build up. -Already include microorganisms in fertilizers. -Biological Pest Control
- Environmentally friendly. -Microorganisms such as diazotrophs.
add create through nitrogen fixation
-No harmful chemical (N2 + 8 H+ + 8 e <--> 2 NH3 + H2)
-Increase soil structure -Microorganisms such as AOB,or AOA than takes the Ammonia then becomes
nitrite than nitrate through nitrification.
The Greenhouse Effect
Consume carbohydrates alongside the protein enriched foods
sunlight
Vitamin B-6
Help enzymes break down proteins and carry the dismantled amino acids to the blood stream
Proteins
IR light
UV light
visible light

There are two main islands in the Philippines: Luzon and Mindanao. Both islands will have one seawater greenhouse. The crops on Luzon will be distributed in Luzon, and shipped to Panay, Mindoro, and Palawan. The crops on Mindanao will be distributed in Mindanao and shipped to Negros, Samar, and Bohol. Distributions to other islands will happen through smaller shipments.

An average person requires about 34g of proteins. Distribution will be in packages containing 200g of Lentils, 100g of Lima beans, and 100g of Peas, which will have a total of about 35g of proteins.


8g Proteins
115 Calories
9g Proteins
116 Calories
5g Proteins
81 Calories
100g boiled

Crop Distribution
200g Lentils
100g Lima Beans
100g Peas
PROTEINS
35g Proteins
Bibliography

http://www.plan-uk.org/what-you-can-do/project-donation/forgotten-children/philippines-nourishing-children/
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/in-philippines/2473428.html
http://www.fao.org/ag/agn/nutrition/phl_en.stm
http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/306370/money/agriculture-the-decline-of-the-poor-man-s-sector
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPHILIPPINES/Resources/Habito-word.pdf
http://www.school-for-champions.com/science/heating_greenhouse.htm#.VzIDJ4Qwi9I
http://www.popsci.com/environment/article/2009-07/8-farming-solution-help-stop-world-hunger
http://www.fao.org/ag/agn/nutrition/phl_en.stm
http://www.seawatergreenhouse.com/process.html

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