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The Twelve Apostles
Transcript of The Twelve Apostles
The First Four
The Final Four
James, the son of Alphaeus
John, the son of Zebedee
James, the son of Zebedee
The Next Four
Simon the Zealot
means "learners" or "sent students"
means "messengers" or "sent ones"
"Brothers, think of what you were when you were called. Not many of you were wise by human standards; not many were influential; not many were of noble birth. But God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise; God chose the weak things of the world to shame the strong. He chose the lowly things of this world and the despised things – and the things that are not – to nullify the things that are, so that no may boast before him."
1 Corinthians 1:26-29
1. Peter was a
He and his brother
ran a fishing business.
2. Peter was
Peter took his wife on a
(1 Corinthians 9).
3. He was the
of the disciples.
His name is recorded
in all of the lists of
4. His name is mentioned
than any other name in the gospels besides the name of Jesus Himself because he
more than anyone else besides Jesus.
He asked Jesus about
His famous quote in response to Jesus' question: "Who do men say that I am?" (Matthew 16:13) was, "You are the
of the living
5. Peter had
While in the Garden of Gethsemane, Peter
of a guard to protect Jesus.
He preached to
of people at Pentecost, claiming that Christ was risen.
"Andrew first found his own brother Simon and said to him, 'We have found the Messiah,' (which means Christ)."
1. Andrew was the first disciple to be
2. His name means
3. Andrew was reponsible for introducing
4. Peter was
, while Andrew was more
5. Andrew's name only appears
times in the gospels. Andrew did not seek
, and he did not
his older brother for being more
6. While Peter tended to speak before he thought, Andrew was very
It seems that Andrew rarely got into major
When he DID speak, he generally said the
7. He was a very effective leader who never took the
8. Andrew was originally a follower of
John the Baptist.
9. He was crucified, but instead of being nailed to a cross, he was
to it, and this
his suffering. Tradition says that he was on the cross for
people to turn to Christ.
Extra note: Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland and Russia because church historians say that he took the gospel far north shortly after Pentecost.
James, the son of Zebedee
"Herod stretched out his hand to harass some from the church. Then he killed James the brother of John."
1. James and his brother
were from a family of very
status. They were known by the
2. James was the first apostle to be
3. He was probably a very strong
as his name often appears right after
4. James was
He was very
5. James and John wanted to call down
because they wanted to defend
6. James and John were often
At one point, they
over who should sit to the right of Christ. The brothers continued to argue about this until the Last Supper.
7. James wanted a
Christ gave him a
8. James was
Herod Agrippa I
(the nephew of Herod, who killed John the Baptist). James
the man who was with him, and they were
at the same time.
Extra note: James is the only apostle whose death is actually recorded in Scripture.
John, the son of Zebedee
"Now there was, leaning on Jesus' bosom, one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved."
1. John was
He and his brother were in the
They were nicknamed
"Sons of Thunder."
2. John was
called the "apostle of love."
He wrote about
more than any other New Testament writer (1 John).
He was the only apostle to witness the
He took care of
until she died in Jerusalem.
3. He played a
part in the early church.
's companion in the first twelve chapters of Acts.
He and Peter were thrown into prison (Acts 4:3).
4. He wrote the book of
on the island of Patmos while
5. John was
in oil but did not die.
6. When he was an old man, he trained and discipled the
7. He died
and lived to lead many people to
He died under
Extra note: Besides Paul, John wrote more of the New Testament
than any other author. He died circa 98 A.D.
Four Phases of Life for the Apostles
Every disciple is first called to salvation.
The disciples initially retained their full-time jobs
while submitting to Jesus as their teacher.
Every disciple must reach a point of complete abandonment.
"Come, follow me," Jesus said, " and I will make you fishers of men."
"So they pulled their boats up on the shore, left everything and followed Him."
Jesus appointed twelve men in particular to be His apostles.
This was a period of intentional training during which
Jesus prepared them for the task that lay ahead of them.
It began with a type of internship as Jesus sent out the
disciples two by two.
Each apostle gave his life for the sake of the gospel of Jesus Christ.
All but one apostle (John) was killed for his
testimony regarding Christ. Even John was
severely persecuted, even though he lived
to old age.
6. Peter had to go through many
experiences to be the man Jesus wanted him to be.
He denied Jesus (Luke 22:24-62).
7. He died a
died, he said, "Remember the Lord."
He died under the emperor
1. Philip is listed fifth on every list of the twelve apostles.
2. His name is Greek, and it means "lover of horses." It is very likely that he also had a Jewish name.
3. He is NOT the same Philip as the one in Acts 6 who led the Ethiopian eunuch to Christ.
4. Philip was a facts-and-figures person. He was practical-minded and "by the book."
5. Philip was the first apostle that Jesus physically sought out.
6. Philip's first response after meeting Jesus was to find his friend Nathanael and tell him about the Messiah.
7. Philip was evidently the apostolic administrator. He was likely in charge of arranging meals and logistics, and coordinating the acquisition and distribution of meals and supplies.
8. Philip is tested by Jesus during the feeding of the five thousand (see John 6).
1. "Bartholomew" is a surname meaning "Son of Tolmai." Nathanael was his given name.
2. The account of Nathanael's call is recorded in John 1. This is where we get most of the insight we have about Nathanael.
3. Philip and Nathanael seem to have been close friends, as their names are frequently linked in scripture.
4. When Philip came to Nathanael to tell him about Jesus, he appealed to Nathanael on the basis of Old Testament prophecy. This indicates Nathanael's familiarity with the Old Testament.
5. Nathanael had certain prejudices. His initial reaction to Philip's message is, "Can anything good come out of Nazareth?"
6. Nathanael had a sincere heart. Jesus commended Nathanael's character by saying, "Behold, an Israelite indeed in whom is no deceit!" (John 1:47).
7. Nathanael demonstrated an eager faith. After Jesus identified that He saw Nathanael under the fig tree, Nathanael responded by saying, "Rabbi, You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!" (John 1:49).
8. Early church records suggest Nathanael ministered in Persia and India.
9. There is no reliable record of Nathanael's death. One tradition holds that he was tied up in a sack and cast into the sea. Another says he was crucified.
"As Jesus went on from there, He saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax collector's booth.
'Follow me,' He told him, and Matthew got up and followed Him."
1. Matthew was a tax collector, or publican, meaning that he was among the most despised men in Israel.
Tax collectors were more worthy of scorn than Roman soldiers.
They bought tax franchises from the Roman emperor and then extorted money from their own people.
A Jewish man who was a tax collector was considered a traitor to the nation.
2. Matthew was prepared to confess his sin and follow Christ immediately.
3. Matthew was familiar with the Old Testament, even though as a tax collector, he would not have been allowed in a synagogue.
In his gospel, Matthew quoted the Old Testament 99 times. This is more than the other three gospels combined.
He quotes out of the Law, the Psalms, and the Prophets.
His study of the Old Testament had to have been self-motivated.
4. Matthew introduced his friends to Jesus. He gathered people of questionable character because those were the only people he knew.
5. Matthew addressed his gospel to a Jewish audience.
6. Church tradition holds that Matthew ministered to Jews in Israel.
7. He was martyred for his faith by being burned at the stake.
1. Thomas was a pessimist who tended to see the glass as "half empty."
2. He was very loyal and deeply devoted to Christ. He understood that discipleship would be costly (see John 11:16).
3. He had a profound love for Christ.
4. Thomas doubted, but he immediately believed once he saw Christ's wounds. To Thomas, Christ's resurrection seemed too good to be true.
5. Evidence shows that Thomas may have carried the gospel all the way to India.
6. Thomas was run through with spear and died.
James the Less (James, the son of Alphaeus)
1. The only thing we know about James is his name.
2. If he wrote anything, it has been lost. If he asked any questions, Scripture does not record them.
3. "Less" comes from the Greek word that means "little." James may have been small in stature. The word can also mean "young," so he may have been young.
4. He was quiet, obscure, and unnoticed, yet Jesus called him.
5. He may have taken the gospel to Syria and Persia.
6. We are not sure how James died, but he was probably martyred.
7. He may have been the brother of Matthew and/or the cousin of Jesus.
Thaddeus (Judas, son of James; Lebbaeus)
1. Jerome calls Thaddeus the "trinomious one." He is known by three different names.
2. Judas means "Jehovah leads."
3. Scripture only records one incident involving Thaddeus. In John 14:21, Thaddeus asks Jesus, "But, Lord, why do you intend to show yourself to us and not to the world?" His question shows tenderness and humility.
4. Sources say he was clubbed to death.
Simon the Zealot
1. Simon was a member of a political party called the zealots. These men tended to be violent outlaws.
2. The zealots believed that only God had the right to rule; thus, assassinating Romans was a good thing.
3. Simon was a man of fierce passion and loyalty, which translated to his relationship with Christ.
4. He probably preached in the British Isles, and he was probably martyred.
1. Judas followed Christ for selfish ambition.
2. He represents lost opportunity. He was intimately acquainted with Jesus, yet he rejected Christ.
3. He wasted his privilege. He had been given a seat of honor with Christ and forfeited it for earthly gain.
4. Judas reminds us that the love of money is the root of all kinds of evil (1 Timothy 6:10).
5. Judas demonstrates that the sovereign will of God will not be thwarted. He has ordained what will happen, and everything happens for His purpose.