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Industrial Revolution in England
Transcript of Industrial Revolution in England
in England" By Amanda, Cara, and King Domestic System. Method: Hand tools
Ownership and Kinds of Tools: Small hand tools owned by the worker
Production Output: small level of production, sold only to local market, manufactured on a pre-order basis
Nature of Work Done by Worker: worker manufactured entire item
Hours of Work: worker worked as much as possible according to demand
Worker Dependence on Employer: worker had multiple sources of sustenance - other employers, own garden or farm, and outside farm labor Why the Industrial Revolution Started in England. England's Resources: Colonies and Markets. Wealth from the Commercial Revolution spread beyond the merchant class
England had more colonies than any other nation
It's colonies gave England access to enormous markets and vast amounts of raw materials
Colonies had rich textile industries for centuries
Many of the natural cloths popular today, such as calico and gingham, were originally created in India
China had a silk industry England: Birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. No concrete start date for the Industrial Revolution
Marked by gradual, slow changes
After 1750, these changes were noticable first in England
Enclosures - larger fields
landowners experimented with more productive seeding and harvesting methods to boost crop yields
improved upon older methods of crop rotation, such as the medievel three-field system
livestock breeders improved their methods too England's Resources: Merchant Marine. World's largest merchant fleet
Merchant marine built up from the Commercial Revolution
Vast numbers of ships could bring raw materials and finished goods to and from England's colonies and possessions, as well as to and from other countries England's Resources: Geography. England is the political center of Great Britain, an island
Great Britain (as the entire island was called beginning in 1707) did not suffer fighting on its land during the wars of the 18th century
Island has excellent harbors and ports
Damp climate benefited the textile industry (thread did not dry out
No internal trade barriers "Necessity Is The Mother of Invention." Example:
Need to speed up weaving
Power loom created Capital for investing in the means of production
Colonies and markets for manufactured goods
Raw materials for production
Geography England's Resources: Raw Materials. England's Resources: Workers. Serfdom and guilds ended earlier in England than other countries
English people could freely travel from the countryside to the cities
Enclosure Acts caused many small farmers to lose thie lands, and these former farmers increased the labor supply England itself possessed the necessary raw materials to create the means of production
Coal - vast coal reserves powered steam engines
Iron - basic building block of large machines, railroad tracks, trains, and ships Method: factory
Location: large power-driven machines owned by the capitalist
Production Output: large level of production, sold to a worldwide market, manufactured in anticipated of demand
Nature of Work Done by Worker: worker typically made one part of the larger whole.
Henry Ford's assembly like (early 20th century) kept workers stationary Factory System. England's Resources: Colonies and Markets a. Wealth from the Commercial Revolution spread beyond the merchant class
b. England had more colonies than any other nation
c. Its colonies gave England access to enormous markets and vast amounts of raw materials.
d. Colonies had rich textile industries for centuries
1. Many of the natural cloths popular today, such as calico and gingham, were originally created in India
2. China had a silk industry