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Stephen Johns

on 24 July 2016

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Transcript of Understanding

The Biblical History of Baptism
Old Testament
Inter-Testamental Period
John the Baptist
Luke 3:3

“And he went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.”
Baptism of Repentance
Christ's Baptism and Death Connection
Luke 12:50

“I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how great is my distress until it is accomplished”

New Covenant Baptism Transition
The End of the Old Covenant Ritual
John 4:1-2

“1 Now when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John 2(although Jesus himself did not baptize, but only his disciples).”
The Initiation of the New Covenant Ordinance
Matthew 28:19

“Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”
Acts 19:1-5

“And it happened that while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul passed through the inland country and came to Ephesus. There he found some disciples. 2 And he said to them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?” And they said, “No, we have not even heard that there is a Holy Spirit.” 3 And he said, “Into what then were you baptized?” They said, “Into John’s baptism.” 4 And Paul said, “John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, Jesus.” 5 On hearing this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.”

The Meaning of
Identification with Christ
Identification with Christ's death, burial, and resurrection
Acts 2:38

“And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.”

Acts 10:48a

“And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ.”

Galatians 3:27

“For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.”

Romans 3:3-5

“3 Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? 4 We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life. 5 For if we have been united with him in a death like his, we shall certainly be united with him in a resurrection like his.”

Colossians 2:12-13

“12 having been buried with him in baptism, in which you were also raised with him through faith in the powerful working of God, who raised him from the dead. 13 And you, who were dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses.”
Key Truths So Far . . .
Baptism in the New Covenant is obviously different from baptism in the Old Covenant in it's symbolism
Baptism was always different from the ritual of circumcision
Leper Cleansing
Leviticus 13-15
Priest Cleansing
Leviticus 16
Baptism in the Old Covenant was a symbol of cleansing from sin
Pagan Proselytes into Judaism were required to offer a sacrafice, be circumcised, and be baptized
Formerly baptism was about symbolizing cleansing
Baptism now symbolizes identification with the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ
Full transcript