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LPQ 3: Referencing

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by

Nathan Pratt

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of LPQ 3: Referencing

What is referencing?
The process of acknowledging the sources you
have used in your work, and thereby allowing
the reader to locate the information you have
used (
Pears and Shields
,
2013
).

Why do we reference ?
Books
Journals
When to
reference?

Recap
LPQ 3: Referencing
Research Task
You should have collected two books, journal articles and website addresses, as part of last week's research task.

Using the format described to you in this tutorial, extract:-
Task
According to
Pears and Shields
(
2013
)
Adds weight to your comments and arguments
Shows you have researched your subject
Avoids plagiarism
What is
plagiarism?
Definition:

"the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own". (
Soanes and Stevenson
,
2003
,
p. 1344
)
When you use another person's work, words or ideas in your own work.
Be organised:

Prepare well and keep a record of all useful sources as you find them!
How to
reference?

Longley Park Sixth Form College use an
author-date referencing style known as the Harvard Referencing system.
Harvard Referencing is made up of two key parts.

In-Text Citation
Reference List/Bibliography


An in-text citation gives the brief details
of the work you are quoting from.
It will include the
author's surname
,
date of publication
and
page number

(for direct quotes).

There are three ways of using quotes........
Short Quote


"Short direct quotations (up to two or three lines) should be enclosed in quotation marks and included in the body of your text"
(
Pears and Shields
,
2013
,
p. 8
)


Longer quotations should be entered as a separate paragraph and indented from the main text. Quotation marks are not required.

Excessive use of quotations can disrupt the flow of your writing and prevent you from demonstrating your understanding and analysis of the sources you have read.
(
Pears and Shields
,
2013
,
p. 8
)


To paraphrase is to put in to your own words someone else's ideas. According to
Pears and Shields

(2013)
, paraphrasing fits more neatly in to your own writing style and demonstrates that you have understood what the author is saying. However, you must not change the original meaning.


A reference list is a list of the sources that you have quoted or referred to in your work. This is the direct link to the in-text citation you have presented in your work.
A bibliography also provides a detailed list of all the references but includes background readings or other material you may have consulted, but not cited in your text.
Both are located at the end of your work and arranged in alphabetical order by the author's surname.
Reference List
Long Quote
Paraphrase
Citation
Reference List/Bibliography
Reference List
Bibliography
3 Examples....
How to reference a Book, Journal and Website
In-Text Citation
Examples.......
Reference List/Bibliography
Author/Editor
(Surname followed by initials)
Year of Publication
(in round brackets)
Title
(in italics)
Edition (only include if not 1st edition)
Place of Publication
:
Publisher
Series and Volume Number
(where relevant)
Example
Moss, B.
(2008)
Communication skills for health and social care.
London:

Sage Publications.
Format
Moss (2008) argues that...
According to Moss (2008)...
This was proved by Moss (2008)
"The results showed..." (Moss, 2008, p.78)
In-Text Citation
Examples.......
Newton (2013) Suggests that...
According to Newton (2013)...
This was acknowledged by Newton (2013)
"Many viral infections are..."(Newton, 2013, p.43)
Reference List/Bibliography
Author
(Surname followed by initials)
Year of Publication

(in round brackets)
Title of Article

(in single quotation marks)
Title of Journal

(in italics)
Issue Info
-
Volume

(unbracketed) and, where applicable,

part number
,
month

or

season
Page Reference
Format
Example
Newton, H.
(2013)
'Viral infections of the skin',

Nursing Standard
27 (52),
pp. 43-47.

Website
In-Text Citation
Examples.......
Morelle (2013) implies that...
As suggested by Morelle (2013)...
Reference List/Bibliography
Author/Organisation
Year
that the site was published/last updated

(in round brackets)
Title of web page

(in italics)
Available at
:
URL

(Accessed: date)
Format -
Morelle, R.
(2013)


Example
Your completed reference list should be assembled in alphabetical order by the author's surname.
It should look something like this.......
Mammals harbour at least 320,000 new viruses.
Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-23932400
(Accessed: 16 September 2013).
Moss, B. (2008)
Communication skills for health and social care.
London: Sage Publications.
Newton, H. (2013) 'Viral infections of the skin',

27 (52), pp. 43-47.
Morelle, R. (2013)

Mammals harbour at least 320,000 new viruses.
Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-23932400
(Accessed: 16 September 2013).
If you would like to know how to reference other formats, such as Blogs, Podcasts, Interviews, TV/DVD, Images, Graphs and Statistics etc...., please refer to the
'Cite Them Right' book, available in the LRC.
Nursing Standard
Avoid Plagiarism!


Always acknowledge where you have referred to someone else's work....
Follow the format:-
In-Text Citation
Reference List/Bibliography
Be consistent throughout your work...
If you need any additional help or guidance...
Please see a member of the LRC Team
Author:
Organisation:
After identifying symptoms (National Health Service, 2012)...
According to the National Health Service (2012), identifying symptoms......
- If no date, write (no date)
- (Full Website Address)
National Health Service.
(2012)
Check your symptoms.
Available at: http://www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk/checksymptoms
(Accessed: 17 October 2012).
National Health Service (2012)
Check your symptoms.
Available at: http://www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk/checksymptoms
(Accessed: 17 October 2012).
One short quote
One long quote
One paraphrased quote
Present them in the correct format with an in-text citation and completed reference list
Full transcript