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Chapter 4: The Legislative Branch

Explanation of the Legislative process to accompany AGS United States Government Textbook
by

Kat Morse

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 4: The Legislative Branch

Chapter 4, the Legislative Branch
Congress @ Work
Each session lasts as long as needed
Regulates trade, collects taxes, maintains the armed forces, punishes certain crimes, and suggests amendments to the Constitution
Investigates other branches, and can impeach an official
Bill -> Law
Begins as a bill proposed to Congress to change an old law/create a new one
Starts in either the House or the Senate (Unless it pertains to taxes, then it MUST start in the House)
Senate
2 Senators
regardless of state population
Senators must be at least
30 years old, US citizen for 9 years, and a resident of the state they want to represent
They serve a
6 year term
House of Representatives
# of Representatives is
based on the state's population.
Each state is broken up into districts, and each district sends their own representative.
Representatives must be at least
25 years old, US citizen for 7 years, a resident/live in the district/state they want to represent
They serve a
2 year term
Powers/Limits
Article 1 Section 8&9 of the Constitution list Congress' powers
POWERS
Raise/collect taxes to pay government employees/functions
Run national highways, and oversee trade
Defend Nation and declare war
Decide requirements for becoming a US citizen
Admit new states to the Union
Set weights/measures standards
LIMITS
Checks and balances
by the other branches
Can not make laws that
violate the Bill of Rights
Can not make laws about
elections/education/marriage
What About the Future?
Elastic Clause
Congress can make all laws necessary to carry out its duties
This means if something comes up in the future that requires congress to make laws pertaining to it, they have the FLEXIBILITY to do so.
Vice President
is the Head of the Senate, however he only votes on ties, and does not debate on possible bills.
The END!!
Good Luck on Chapter 4!
An Explanation of the Law Passing Process
Committees!
Five Types of
Committees
Standing Committee
- Permanent Committees
Subcommittees
- Does most of the work for the Standing Committees (research and debate)
Joint Committee
- Comprised of the House AND the Senate Working together.
Select Committee
- Handle issues of National Importance
Conference Committee
- Comprised of members of House AND Senate when a bill is almost ready to be sent to the President
Each senator and representative MUST serve on at least one committee
Quiz Yourself!
What are the 2 Houses of the Legislative Branch?
How long does a session of Congress last?
Which committee is set up to deal with issues of national importance?
What power do you think is the most important? Which Limit?
Quiz Yourself!
# of Representatives?
How long is a Representative's term?
# of Senators
How long is a Senators term?
The Vice President is the leader of which house of Congress? and The Speaker of the House?
Quiz Yourself!
Leader is the
Speaker of the House
, elected my the majority party
Introduced
Committee
Subcommittee
Committee
Senate/House
President
Congress
Veto
Becomes a Law!
2/3 Majority
Signed Into Law
Put in Order
_________
_________
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_________
_________
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_________
_________
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_________

Think About...
Legislative Branch
The three branches of government (Executive, LEGISLATIVE, and Judicial)

What does it do? What can it do?
Who can be elected to the Senate?House of Representatives?
Congress
House of Representatives
and
Senate
Founding fathers did not want even Congress to have too much power, Therefor we have
two
sections of Congress
Who can be elected?
Who can be elected
What are the 2 Houses of the Legislative Branch?
The House of Representatives, and The Senate
How long does a session of Congress last?
Until the work is completed
Which committee is set up to deal with issues of national importance?
Select Committee
What power do you think is the most important? Which Limit?
Answers will vary, Just make sure you support you answer with and explanation WHY
Quiz Yourself
ANSWERS
TO
ANSWERS
TO
Quiz Yourself!
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
Committee
President
Congress
Veto
Introduced
Subcommittee
Committee
2/3 Majority
Becomes a Law!
Signed Into Law
Senate/House
ANSWERS
TO
Quiz Yourself!
# of Representatives?
Depends on Population (currently 453)
What is a District?
How long is a Representative's term?
2 Years
# of Senators?
2 per state (100 total)
How long is a Senators term?
6 Years
The Vice President is the leader of which house of Congress? and The Speaker of the House?
Vice President is the leader of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House is the leader of the House of Representatives.
Full transcript