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History Of Canadian Law Timeline
Transcript of History Of Canadian Law Timeline
1446 B.C It was a document signed by the King of England in an attempt to limit the Kings powers of law and to protect the every day citizens privileges. The decisions will not be simply based on an individuals perspective, but based on the laws of the land which is still enforced today Magna Carta
1215 The Habeas Corpus was a legal action that requires a person under arrest to be brought in front of a court or judge. Enabling the prisoner to be released if the case is lacking certain evidence. Basically, what the Bill Of Rights states is, "It lays down limits on the powers of sovereign and sets out the rights of Parliament and rules for freedom of speech in Parliament, the requirement to regular elections to Parliament and the right to petition the monarch without fear of retribution". These laws are still very important in today's society Bill Of Rights
1689 The Slave Trade Act abolished all slave trade under the British Empire. Although, it wasn't able to abolish slavery alone, until the, "Slavery Abolition Act of 1833". Abolishment Of Slave Trade
1807 Many believe that our legal system today is merely an extension of the 10 commandments. For example, in the 10 commandments it states, "thou shall not kill, and thou shall not steel ", giving us a guideline to our criminal code today. Murder, and theft are presently against the laws in Canadian society Draco's Law
621 BC Draco was a Greek citizen who was chosen to write a Code of Law for Athens, Greece. Draco's law were the first laws of Greece. The punishments given under Draco's Law were very cruel and even today are known as harsh laws. The result when a rule of law had been broken was typically death. Statue Of Westminster
1275 This statue states, "on the one hand common right is to be done to all, as well poor as rich, without respect of persons", these laws still apply today. Everyone no matter what their social ranking, should be treated equally and fairly. It also states, "elections are to be free, and no man by force", which gives us the right to vote but does not pressure us. It gives us the option to, if we feel like it's necessary. Habeas Corpus
1679 The Quebec Civil Law Kerfuffle
1763-1774 Quebec politicians had admired the French civil code of 1804. Other jurisdictions were using this French Civil Code, pushing the Quebecois even more to adopt this way of Law. Finally on August 1, 1866, Quebec implemented and brought into force its own version of a Civil Code. This Code is still being used today with several alterations. Quebec Act
1763 The Quebec Act granted more rights to French Canadians like, Civil Rights, Religious Rights, Language Rights. It guaranteed free practice at a Catholic Church. Quebec's territory was expanded, taking over a part of the Indian Reserve. The Quebec Act, "Restored the use of the French civil law for private matters while maintaining the use of the English common law for public administration, including criminal prosecution". The Quebec Act gave this province a handful of new rules, giving them independence, at the time. Constitution Act
1867 The Constitution Act is a big part of the Government of Canada, including the federal structure, House of Commons, the Senate, the Justice System, and the Taxation System. Due to the Constitution Act, bills were passed to the Parliament of Canada, but were withdrawn. In 1875, when a bill finally passed. It provided the Supreme Court of Canada in 1869. This act had a huge role in the creation and control of many important aspects of the laws and courts of Canada. Bill 101
1874 Bill 101 was a law of Quebec defining French, the language of the majority of the population, as the official language of Quebec, and framing fundamental language rights. It is the central legislative piece in Quebec's language policy. Quebec still refers and uses this right in Today's age! Canada's Criminal Code
1892 Much of the Canadian Criminal Code is deprived from the British Criminal Code. Although it has been changed plenty of times to accommodate different times in history. For example it’s been changed to relinquish the death penalty, amendments for gun control and drunk driving. Woman's Suffrage
1895 Women's Suffrage enabled Women in Canada to have more power. They were granted the right to vote and run for office. This is very important for Law today because without these rights, Canadian women would not be able to contribute to our communities and do the outstanding things they do today. Immigration Act
1976 Charter of Rights and Freedoms
1981 Decriminalization of Homosexuality
1969 John Turner established a new amendment to the criminal code. Making many changes, it mainly allowed to be accepted under law; abortions, homosexuality, cruelty to animals and a few other smaller amendments. This was the largest change to the Criminal Code since it first was adopted in 1892. This new act allowed provinces to have more power when allowing other immigrants into Canada. This is a huge aspect to Canadian culture as we are a very multicultural society. In 1981, as Canadian's, now under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, we were privileged with a list of many new rights. Allowing Canadians to do many things independently, as long as we stay within reasonable limits. This was a huge step for Canada and this Charter is still heavily followed today. Thanks Mr. Katsionis!