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The Iliad

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Janelle Giovenco

on 22 June 2015

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Transcript of The Iliad

Table of Contents
Map of Current Greece
(12th Century B.C.E)
Map of Ancient Greece
Map of Current Greece
Achilles Identification with Ancient Greece (Time)
Achilles Identification with Ancient Greece (Values)
Current Greece Values
The Iliad Synopsis
List of Adventures
Book I: The Rage of Achilles
Book XXI : Achilles Fights the River
Book XXII: The Death of Hector

The Iliad

Map of Ancient Greece
Fig. 1. Map of Greece in 12th Century B.C.E. William Miller. 29 May 2015.
Fig. 2. Map of current-day Greece. Map of Greece. 29 May 2015.
Ancient Greece: Clothing
The Iliad Synopsis
Follows Achilles and his involvment in the war
Tracks the involvement of the Gods
Ancient Greece - Every day life

Government based on Democracy
Slavery was a central featureEntertainment included theater and art
Majority of people based their lives on farming
Males were the dominant figure and lead the household
Book One: The Rage of Achilles
Current Greece Values

Ancient Greece: Women's Rights
Ancient Greece: Religion
Ancient Greece: Social Classes
Ancient Greece: Architecture
Current Greece: Women's Rights
Current Greece: Social Class
Current Greece: Art
Book Twenty Two: The Death of Hector
Book Twenty One: Achilles Fights the River
Ancient Greece: Military
Ancient Greece: Art
Ancient Greece's Values
Initial Catalyst
Adventures and Objectives
Population: 10,932,000
Mobility of caste system increased
Combination of education, occupation, philomoto (virtues), wealth
Reflection of autonomy within commnity, social responsibility
Decline in gender differentiation
Voting rights in 1956
Family Law of 1983
53% of university students are women
Women represented in business and government
45% of paid workforce
Women inherit property equally
Abstract Expressionism
Importance of the individual

Events Leading Up: King Agamenmon takes Trojan leader's daughter, captive.
Catalyst:King Agamenmon takes Briesis from Achilles.
Result: Rage of Achilles
Book 1: Rage of Achilles:
To prove to the Greeks that they need his power in the war.
Book 21: Achilles Fights the River:
To prove strength and determination.
Book 22: Death of Hector:
To avenge Patroclus.

The Upper Class
The Middle Class
The Lower Class
The Slaves
Government Work
Literature Department
Sold goods
Work similar jobs as slaves but for pay
Worked under Upper or Middle class without pay

Artistic Taste
Civil Character
Move to Athens
Seek Opportunity
Once Slaves
Had few priveleges
Largest class

Rescued From War/Bought/Criminals
No Rights

Women had very few rights
Forced to stay home and run the household
Main purpose was maintaining house and bearing children
Received very minimal education
Expected to live private lives
Temple dedicated to Athena
Made of limestone and Pentelic marble
Iliad is proof for religion
Human form but superhuman strength
Many gods that had contact with humans and controlled everything (from rain to wars)
Vases Stone Terracotta Bronze Sculptures
Fig. 7. Greek Columns.
Greek Art for Kids.
June 10 2015. The three types of greek columns.
Fig. 8. Swayne, Steven. "Parthenon in Athens." 1978. Photograph. The Parthenon Temple in Athens.
Fig. 3. Achilles and Penthesilea. This pottery dates from around 540 BC. June 10 2015.
Religious Beliefs
Mythical Stories
Gods and Goddesses
Historical Figures
Ancient Greek warriors were known as Hoplites
Developed military formation known as "phalanx"
Used sarissas (spears) and xiphos (swords)
Fig. 6. Victorious Youth by Lysippos using bronze. Surviving Greek Bronze. Photograph. June 10 2015.
Fig. 5. Terracotta figures from mid 5th century B.C.E. THREE GREEK TERRACOTTA FEMALE FIGURES. Photograph. June 10 2015.
Fig. 4. Engraved Greek Stone. Handwriting quirks engraved in stone. Photograph. June 10 2015.

Fig. 9: Sculpture of Ancient Greek games in honor of Zeus. June 10 2015.
Kinetic Art
Arte Povera
Fig. 10. The Three Graces. Kazuya Akimoto. 13 June 2015.
Fig. 11. Signals. Takis. 13 June 2015.
Fig. 12. Untitled (12 Horses). Jannis Kounellis. 13 June 2015.
Fig. 13. Fields of Punishment. Elsa Dax. 13 June 2015.
Golden apple is desired
Aphrodite negotiates with owner
She kidnaps Helen and starts the war.
Fig. 19: Patroclus on the
precipice of death. "Classics' Summarized:
The Iliad
" 9:43
Fig. 20 : Achilles snaps. "Classics' Summarized:
The Iliad
" 10:05
Fig. 22 : Achilles perturbs Xanthus by staining him red. "Classics' Summarized:
The Iliad
" 10:32
Fig. 21 : Achilles lets out his anger
through killing Trojans. "Classics'
The Iliad
" 10:25
Fig. 14 : Aphrodite negotiates with Paris for the Golden Apple. "Classics' Summarized:
The Iliad
" 3:22
Main Characters: King Agamenmon
Leadership Characteristics
Fig. 15: Chryses pleads for
Agamenmon to return his captive. "Classics' Summarized:
The Iliad
" 1:12
Fig. 16: Apollo unleashes a storm on the Greeks. "Classics' Summarized:
The Iliad
" 1:23
Fig 17: Agamenmon asks for Briseis. "Classics' Summarized:
The Iliad
" 1:50
Fig. 18: Achilles' mom, Thetis, agrees to strengthen the Trojans. "Classics' Summarized:
The Iliad
" 2:14
Fig 23: Hector and Achilles run around Troy. "Classics' Summarized:
The Iliad
" 10:46
Fig 24: Achilles avenges Patroclus by killing Hector. "Classics' Summarized:
The Iliad
" 10:49
Fig 25: Hector shows off his victory. "Classics' Summarized:
The Iliad
" 10:51
Achilles fights to avenge Patroclus by killing Hector
Achilles decides to stay in Troy and fight for his people
Achilles cautiously protects his citizens and his glory from the Trojan army
Achilles holds games in honor of Patroclus
Achilles is known as the strongest member of the Greek army
Achilles is able to defeat his greatest enemy, Hector
Main Characters: Achilles
The River (Xanthus)
Main Characters: Achilles
Sports and Athleticism are still very important

Religion is now the Greek Orthodox Church

Focus on importance of the individual

Focus on creativity and beauty

Cloth wrapped around their body
Often had two uses (clothing and bedding)
Gold accessories
Long Earring
Shoes were sandal like.
Greek sandals influence the sandals worn today.
Bronze Age
Full transcript