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India

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marlon DeLeon

on 7 March 2017

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Transcript of India

India's Poverty And Environmental Degradation
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
1960 population was 449,662
As of 2015 the population is 1.3 billion
360 million people living in poverty
population density is 450 per square kilometer
Mass sterilization campaigns
Deforestation and Pollution issues
Rapid Population growth
Heavy drain on resources
Deforestation and pollution that India experiences cases the soils to be of poor quality, the water to become toxic, hurts their food sources such as fish, and leads to the endangerment of many species
As many as 1.2 million deaths a year due to air pollution in India
Background
“A We also found that here has also been a policy that taxed pollution at 10%, and 30% done in another part of the world. The findings of this were that:
10 percent particulate emission reduction results in a lower gross domestic product but the size of the reduction is modest;
(ii) losses in gross domestic product from the tax are partly offset by the health gains from lower particle emissions;
(iii) the taxes reduce emissions of carbon dioxide by about 590 million tons in 2030 in the case of the 10 percent reduction and 830 million tons in the case of the 30 percent reduction; and


Summary
Analysis

India has a pollution and deforestation problem connected to the poor population
The poor utilize lesser technology than the rich
Both issues are symbiotic and one encourages the other and vice versa
Dealing with one will aid in target the other as well.
Pollution
Problems derive from cook stoves, the fossil fuels, and the open burning of biomasses
Inefficient automobiles and machinery
Poor’s primary source of heat and energy
Deforestation
Forests cut down, timber for cooking and heating, primary fuel for energy
Industrial purposes (machinery to process also produces pollution)

Policy
There are some policies that combat both pollution and deforestation
These aim to stop the removal of trees
Assigning the trees “a financial value for the carbon stored in forests, offering incentives for developing countries to reduce emissions from forested lands, while managing them sustainably.
CONs
Confidence doesn’t exist and Rate of implementation is unsuccessful

A Policy in 2006 gave that was implemeneted “outlined plans for protecting environmentally sensitive zones, water conservation measures, wildlife protection and protection of wetlands.” (“India,” 2015).
Unfortunately policy fell through with the corruption, no enforcement exists.


Pro's and Con's
Solar paneling and Tax On Pollution
In addition Other Organizations propose policies that target other factors:

Switch to clean energy sources for all
Reduce road traffic by raising fuel taxes and parking fees, levying congestion charges, and creating vehicle-free zones and cycle paths for automobile exhaust
Solar Panels
“put India on pace to be one of the top 10 solar markets in the world” (“India,” 2015).
Solar panels combat deforestation and pollution , providing a clean and renewable source of energy. We also found that here has also been a policy that taxed pollution at 10%, and 30% done in another part of the world. The findings of this were that:

(iv) taken together, the carbon dioxide reduction and the health benefits are greater than the loss of gross domestic product in both cases.” (Mani, 2012).
Cons
Possibility of not being implemented
Signs show it already has been though above.
A tax that is enforced will be the best course of action for India to take.
The government of India, needs to actually implement a tax.
Conclusion
We are of the stance that helping solve environmental policy issues will help alleviate the poverty
Population growth is the biggest reason for poverty , failed attempts to slow down the growth showed lack of planning
The impacts of environmental issues shows why it needs to be addressed
alleviation of pollution and deforestation is vital to lowering poverty
implementing our policies are the first steps to success
By: Marlon DeLeon, Nuk Suwanchote, Molly Kirby
Full transcript