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Transcript of Henry Hudson
Henry and his crew set off on May 1st on the 80 tonne ship the "Hopewell" and the "Half Moon". He arrived at Greenland on June 14th. After circling Greenland for a few days, he saw new land, which is now known as Spitsbergen Island. After he saw that, he knew he was far from Asia so he turned back to Europe. Was his voyage a failure? No! He made several important
discoveries. One was the huge groups of whales at Spitzbergen Island. After that, lots of fishermen came to fish for some whales. Henry Hudson was known as the Grandfather of the Whaling Industry. Secound Voyage (1608) The Northeast Passage And he also brought back many resources from the island, including antlers, geese, and clear water. His next voyage was 3 months later and he was hired by the same company to find a Northeast Passage that avoided the North Pole but was a quicker way to Asia. He looked for a passage from to Asia from the Northern Coast of Russia, but then turned around to the Island of Novaya Zemlya on the west coast. After still not finding a passage on the West coast, a large storm came. He then turned around back to England.
When he returned, Hudson and his crew had sailed the farthest North than any other European. They Traveled 966 Kilometres from the North Pole. When he returned, the Muscovy Company fired him because of his continued failed voyages. During his 2nd voyage, 2 of the crew members saw a mermaid. They called to the rest of the crew. They all came and saw it. It was said that is had a tail like a porpoise that sparkled and very white skin. Third Voyage (1609) The New World Fourth Voyage (1610) The Northwest Passage After finding no one to fund his voyage in England, Henry took his proposal to the Dutch. And was finally hired to find a way to Asia from the North coast of Russia.
But after he set sail, he didn't want to go there because on he was there on his secound voyage. So Instead he traveled west to the "New World" (North America). He left on the "Discovery" and went straight to North America for more exploring. He went to Greenland and then went into what is now "Hudson Bay" on August 3rd. They travelled down the east coast to Ontario and that is where the Mutiny Began. Their ship froze in the ice. They were forced to stay on Ontario for almost a year. Then, in summer, they started back to England with resources and Gold. When they were leaving, some of the Crew betrayed Henry and left him on a life raft in the middle of the bay. Some loyal crew and his son went on the boat with him. Henry Hudson was never seen again Most beleive that Henry Hudson died from hunger or he drowned. But there is a legend that he made it to shore and lived with the Natives for the rest of his life. Look! Only Cool Explorers get their own Bobble Heads! Henry Hudson was born in 1565 in London, England. And is suppose to have died on 1611 in Hudson Bay. Henry was born into a rich family with 3 brothers. He grew up and married a wife, Katherine, and had 3 children, John, Richard & Oliver.
Henry's grandfather founded the Muscovy Company which founded Henry's first 2 voyages. Hudson Family Coat of Arms His son John was on all 4 of his father's voyages and was abandoned on the lifeboat with his father on 1611. His son Richard was entered in the East Indian Company and got a large fortune in his later years. By Tim Steinson Hudson Bay and Hudson Strait are named after Henry Hudson. Hudson Bay Hudson Strait Here is a map of his 4 Voyages. His son Oliver wrote a journal on all of his father's voyages and his last years. Henry Hudson was raised in Hoddesdon, just outside of England, training to be a cabin boy. When he was older, he was cabin boy on his first ship. Then he worked his way up to Ship's Captain. It was hard for Hudson to find a crew because he was always sailing in the cold icy waters of the Arctic. He usualy left with about 15 crew. Many of the crew got frostbite and lost their fingers or toes. Because he could not find a crew, he was frustrated and angry at times. He was also discouraged because the Muscovy Company doubted him. It was said that he was not a good keeper of time and was always late. The Hopewell The Half Moon The Discovery The "Hopewell" was the first ship Henry Hudson was Captain. The "Hopewell" went on the first voyage. The "Half Moon" went on the first and secound voyage. The "Discovery" went on the fourth voyage and a bunch of smaller voyages. The "Discovery" was used the most and was the best of the 3 ships. THE END! Thank you for watching my Prezi on Henry Hudson. References http://www.3rd1000.com http://www.ianchadwick.com http://en.wikipedia.org Henry Hudson: Seeking the Northwest Passage (book) "LAND!" My fee for watching this awesome Prezi is 20$ a person. Thank You