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18th century cultural debate

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Scarlett Banks

on 4 May 2016

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Transcript of 18th century cultural debate

18th Century cultural debate
Two men contributed to the rise of journalism: Joseph Addison and Richard Steele.
Newspapers & Journalism
It was published daily except for Sunday
555 issues published since March 1711 to December 1712
"Mr Spectator" commented all the customs and morals and the vices and virtues of the society of the time
Simple and clear style
Destined to the middle class
"The Spectator"
founder of "The Spectator"
founder of "The Tatler"
Literary and society newspaper
Published since 1709 to 1711
Originally published twice a week
After 1711 the founder, Richard Steele,gave up the magazine and co-founded "The Spectator with Joseph Addison
"Il Caffè"
Italian newspaper founded by Pietro Verri and published since June 1764 to May 1766
Enlightenment thought
Published every 10 days
Modelled on Addison's paper and was menat to serve the same purposes
Today's British newspapers
"Quality press"
"Popular press"
The spread of cultural debate
new means of expressions
circulation of ideas
The quality press usually deal with domestic and international views, but also with sports, cultural events, financial and travel news, book and film reviews.

Popular presses are smaller and are characterized by large headlines and ig photographs. They deal with sensational events and have a more colloquial language.
The phenomenon was linked to


the affirmation of
rationalistic ideas
Samuel Johnson's dictionary
1747-55, the first dictionary of the English language
Included all English words, excluding only technical and vulgar ones, but admitted many scientific expressions, like medical or botanical ones
A lot of words were provided with their own etymology
During 17th century
in the publication of
journals and pamphlets
England was the first country where
journalism became a free profession
first periodical
was published in London, and the
first daily newspaper
however appeared in Germany.
modern periodical
took shape in the first half of 18th century in England, although it was different than the previous political journals, it was aimed to the
middle class
Daniel Defoe
The spread of journalism
worry politicians
who were afraid that
the masses
could somehow
reach the power
New limitations
(special paper)
increasing of the price
lose a large number of readers
English journalists fought to defend
liberal principles
, crashing with the Parliament.
meeting places attended by men
a box number for the advertisers
It was mainly through the coffeehouses that public opinion and journalism began to evolve.
Full transcript