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The History, Culture and Cuisine of Turkey

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Jordan Youd

on 2 August 2016

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Transcript of The History, Culture and Cuisine of Turkey

The History, Culture and Cuisine of Turkey
Antiquity
The Roman (Byzantine) Period
The Seljuk Turks and the Ottoman Empire
The Republic of Turkey
Superstructure
Gobelki Tepe, built around 10,000 years ago, is the oldest know man-made religious cite in the world.
Turkey or the Anatolian Peninsula has been continually inhabited since the beginning of the Neolithic period.
Was brought into European consciousness and civilization when it was conquered by Alexander the Great in BC 334 in his first great push toward empire.
Reputed as being the place where agriculture was invented.
Part of the Persian Empire from the 6th-2nd centuries BC
The conquest of Alexander led to the Hellenization of the area which in turn paved the way for Roman conquest and subjugation.
Turkey was officially brought into the Roman Empire by Cesar Augustus in the 1st C. AD, where it remained until 1453.
In 324 AD Constantine I moved the capital of the Empire from Rome to Byzantium which he rebuilt and renamed Constantinople.
Remained the capital of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire for the next 11 centuries.
After the fall of Rome in the 5th century to the Ostrogoths, Constantinople carried on, eventually sending armies and aid to a barbarian besieged Europe and Catholic Church.
The Seljuk Turks began to conquer Turkey in the 11th century.
By the 15th century they had conquered everything except Constantinople. In 1453 Constantinople fell, the Turks renamed the city Istanbul and established the Ottoman Empire.
With Turkish ascendency came many changes in culture, language, religion, civic arrangement and law.
As we have seen with most Islamic conquest in the past the Ottoman Empire was a pluralistic society in which followers of all religions were tolerated and in which commerce, education and trade flourished.
The Ottoman Empire was involved in European life and politics but never as much as when they joined WWI on the side of the Central Powers
Society did not stay pluralistic during the war when Assyrians and Greeks were persecuted and the Armenian people were subject to genocide.
At the close of the war the Ottoman Empire was dissolved. In order to maintain order Turkey was occupied by the Allies. This precipitated the Turkish War of Independence.
The Turkish War of Independence ended in 1922.
The first step for the victorious Turks was the creation of the Republic of Turkey as a new state, separate from the now defunct Ottoman Empire.
Parliament was created November 1, 1922, and the first thing that Parliament did was abolish the Sultanate thereby ending 623 years of Ottoman rule.
Mustafa Kemal became the first president and introduces several radical reforms to the new republic. He said, "...by complete independence, we mean of course complete economic, financial, juridical, military, cultural independence and freedom in all matters. Being deprived of independence in any of these is equivalent to the nation and country being deprived of all its independence."
Remained Neutral in WWII until the very end when they joined the Allies.
Became a multiparty democracy in 1945 and has since experienced four coups, one insurgency and one invasion.
Currently a member of the UN, NATO, OECD and the EU.
Abdullah Gül
Current President
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
PM since 2003
16th largest car producer in the world
6th most popular tourist destination in the world
Islam is the dominant religion with some 96.7% adhering to this religion.
Turkish Coffee with Turkish Delight
Sports include football, basketball and volleyball.
Simit
Dolmads
&
Though education is important often it is ignored. Less than Turks between 25-34 years old have completed upper-secondary school.
There are 600,000 post-sec students in Turkey. They must pass and entrance exam and based on those results they are assigned a school. Some 1.6 million students took the OSS that same year.
Whirling Dervishes and Sufism
Kaiser Wilhelm II, Kaiser Franz Josef, Sultan Mehmet IV and Czar Ferdinand of Bulgaria.
Recent unrest echoed democratic fervor of Arab Spring.
The History, Culture and Cuisine of Turkey
Antiquity
The Roman (Byzantine) Period
The Seljuk Turks and the Ottoman Empire
The Republic of Turkey
Superstructure
Gobelki Tepe, built around 10,000 years ago, is the oldest know man-made religious cite in the world.
The Anatolian Peninsula, now known as Turkey, has been continually inhabited since the beginning of the Neolithic period.
Was introduced to western consciousness and civilization when it was conquered by Alexander the Great in BC 334 in his first great push toward empire.
Turkey is reputed as being the place where agriculture was invented.
Part of the Persian Empire from the 6th-2nd centuries BC
The conquest of Alexander led to the Hellenization of the area which in turn paved the way for Roman conquest and subjugation.
Turkey was officially brought into the Roman Empire by Cesar Augustus in the 1st C. AD. The chief city in the region quickly became the unofficial centre of Roman civilization in the east.
In 324 AD Constantine I moved the capital of the Empire from Rome to Byzantium which he rebuilt and renamed Constantinople.
Remained the capital of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire for the next 11 centuries.
After the fall of Rome in the 5th century to the Ostrogoths, Constantinople carried on and prospered, eventually sending armies and aid to a barbarian besieged Europe and Catholic Church.
The Seljuk Turks began to conquer Turkey in the 11th century.
By the 15th century they had conquered everything except Constantinople. In 1453 Constantinople fell, the Turks renamed the city Istanbul and finalized the establishment of the Ottoman Empire.
With Turkish ascendency came many changes in culture, language, religion, civic arrangement and law.
As we have seen with most Islamic conquest in the past the Ottoman Empire was a pluralistic society in which followers of all religions were tolerated and in which commerce, education and trade flourished.
The Ottoman Empire was involved in European life and politics but never as much as when they joined WWI on the side of the Central Powers
Society did not stay pluralistic during the war when Assyrians and Greeks were persecuted and the Armenian people were subject to genocide.
At the close of the war the Ottoman Empire was dissolved. In order to maintain order Turkey was occupied by the Allies. This precipitated the Turkish War of Independence.
The Turkish War of Independence ended in 1922.
The first step for the victorious Turks was the creation of the Republic of Turkey as a new state, separate from the now defunct Ottoman Empire.
Parliament was created November 1, 1922, and the first thing that Parliament did was abolish the Sultanate thereby ending 623 years of Ottoman rule.
Mustafa Kemal became the first president. He introduced several radical reforms to the new republic. He said, "...by complete independence, we mean of course complete economic, financial, juridical, military, cultural independence and freedom in all matters. Being deprived of independence in any of these is equivalent to the nation and country being deprived of all its independence."
Remained Neutral in WWII until the very end when they joined the Allies.
Became a multiparty democracy in 1945 and has since experienced five coups, one insurgency and one invasion.
Currently a member of the UN, NATO, OECD and the EU.
Recep Tayyip Edrogan
Current President
Ahmet Davutoğlu
Current Prime Minister
16th largest car producer in the world
6th most popular tourist destination in the world
Islam is the dominant religion with some 96.7% adhering to this religion.
Turkish Coffee with Turkish Delight
Sports include football, basketball and volleyball.
Simit
Dolmads
&
Though education is important often it is ignored. A small percentage of Turks between 25-34 years old have completed upper-secondary school.
There are 600,000 post-sec students in Turkey. They must pass and entrance exam and based on those results they are assigned a school. Some 1.6 million students take the OSS each year.
Whirling Dervishes and Sufism
Kaiser Wilhelm II, Kaiser Franz Josef, Sultan Mehmet IV and Czar Ferdinand of Bulgaria.
Recent unrest echoed democratic fervor of Arab Spring.
Full transcript