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Glass and Plastic

changed the world
by

Lucy Harrison

on 20 September 2012

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Transcript of Glass and Plastic

How they have changed the world Glass and Plastic Glass As technology develops, the materials used in our built environment continue to advance shaping and re-shaping the way we consider design. In this presentation we look at the way in which both plastic and glass have contributed to society and gradually "changed the world" Plastic communication or exhibitionism? History Liberation &
Proliferation Considering the youth of Perth city, you only need to take one look at it to realize the prolific and inextricable nature of glass. Almost every building that makes up our skyline has an element of glass, most of which is highly obvious. The nature of glass has opened up an entirely new area of design, making designs that would previously have been considered impossible, now possible. It seems absurd to consider taking a step back and eradicating glass from our designs, therefore it has become inextricable from our society. Waste &
Inextricable nature Privacy Glass, Opaque Future Transparency History Liberation &
Proliferation Waste &
Inextricable nature Bio Plastic breaks down in up to 50 days Future Numerous developments in the technology plastic increased possible applications

Injection molding created consistent forms

Eames and Saarinen’s shell chair

“I look forward to the day when the plastic industry has advanced to the point where the chair will be one material” – Eero Saarinen

Vico Magistretti created the first single form injection molded chair “Selene” in 1969

Verner Panton’s version of a monobloc chair, “The Panton Chair” was created in 1973 Plastic is not necessarily inextricable from our architectural environment, as even though it has been used in areas such as bench tops and other surfaces, there are still other materials just as highly user friendly. However, the prolific nature of plastic within our furniture world, and general day to day life shows that it is inextricable from those areas. Plastic has become largely mass produced and its cost effectiveness has seen it become incredibly popular throughout our modern world Atlas, D. 2011. Plant Plastic: Future of Plastic Is in Plants, not Petroleum. ENN Environmental News Network. http://www.enn.com/sci-tech/article/43760 (accessed September 13, 2012)
Balis, Mary. The History of Plastic.http://inventors.about.com/od/pstartinventions/a/plastics.htm. accessed 13.9.12.

Design Boom. 2012. The monobloc plastic chair. Accessed September 12, http://www.designboom.com/history/monobloc.html.

Eggener. K. L. 2004. American Architectural History A Contemporary Reader. Routledge. London.

Farnsworth House. 2012. History. Accessed September 12, http://www.farnsworthhouse.org/history.htm.

Gosnell, Mariana. 2004. Smithsonian Magazine: Everybody take a seat. Accessed September 13, http://www.smithsonianmag.com/people-places/seat.html.

Greenspec.2012.Embodied energy. http://www.greenspec.co.uk/embodied-energy.php

Hawthorne, C. 2012. The Glass House. Architectural Digest. http://www.architecturaldigest.com/architecture/2012-09/architect-philip-johnson-glass-house-modernism-article (accessed September 17, 2012)

Holden and sons.2010.Recycled glass splashback.http://www.madebyhandsofbritain.com/makers/recycledglassproducts/products/2850/recycled-glasssplashback-arctic-leaf-10

Lacey, Heather.(1999-2018). History of Plastic Furniture.http://www.ehow.co.uk/facts_6175406_history-plastic-furniture.html.accessed 13.9.12.

McEntee, Paul. 2009. Steel Moment Frames – History and Evolution. Accessed September 12, www.strongtie.com/ftp/articles/momentframes.pdf.

Merritt, Ed. 2009. Waste Glass recycling – An effective way to save energy and environment.http://saferenvironment.wordpress.com/2009/06/04/waste-glass-recycling-–-an-effective-way-to-save-energy-and-environment/pounds of carbon dioxide is saved”

Milanes, P. 2011. The Reveal Voyeurism and Society. Carleton University. Canada.

National Trust Historic Site.http://www.farnsworthhouse.org/history.htm accessed 12.9.12.

Peter Syrett. 2012.Building a sustainable city. http://blog.worldarchitecturenews.com/?category_name=ecointhecity&paged=3

Wheeler, Kelly.(2005-2011).http://www.articledashboard.com/Article/The-History-of-Glass-in-Architecture/608542. accessed 12.9.12.

Image References:
Chairs from 100% Recycled Plastic Bottles.http://webecoist.momtastic.com/2009/01/13/creative-strange-sustainable-furniture-design/

curtain wall glass. http://www.portlandart.net/archives/Portland_Reflected_sm.jpg

Crystal Palace.http://designhistorylab.com/sp2010dhl/adams/WebSite_NewHomePage.html

Discarded chairs lay dormant beneath the ice. http://shuttergoclick.photoshelter.com/image/I0000Ym1q66fGlDY

Eames shell chair.http://www.populuxebooks.com/images/shellchair.jpg

Farnsworth house. http://www.farnsworthhouse.org/images/47279B_1.jpg

Fagus Factory.http://www.ifa.de/en/exhibitions/exhibitions-abroad/architecture/neues-bauen-international-1927-2002/office-commercial-and-industrial-buildings/

Panton’s chair.http://www.designboom.com/history/monobloc/02.jpg
Masonry skyscraper.http://www.colourbox.com/preview/3054627-539030-brick-skyscraper-in-rotterdam-holland.jpg

Ray and Charles Eames. http://www.purecontemporary.com/Article/eames-demetrios

Recycled glass splashback.http://www.madebyhandsofbritain.com/makers/recycledglassproducts/products/2850/recycled-glass-splashback-arctic-leaf-1

Selene chair. http://www.designboom.com/history/monobloc/01.jpg

Shell Eames chair.http://www.vitra.com/en-un/home/products/eames-plastic-side-chair-dsx-d/overview/

Stacking Chair. http://www.quora.com/Design/What-products-are-true-design-classics-and-why

Wullschlager, J. 2012. Function and frolics: The Bauhaus, that byword for modernist rigour, also knew how to enjoy itself. FT Weekend Supplement, Life & Arts. The Financial Times Limited. London. References Glass used as a curtain wall in steel frame structures

Steel frames replaced masonry in high-rise structures

Glass and steel frames became associated with modernism

Mies van de Rohe controversially pushed the limits of glass in the Farnsworth House

Philip Johnson (designer of the Glass House) stated, “The Farnsworth house with its continuous glass walls is an even simpler interpretation of an idea. Here the purity of the cage is undisturbed. Neither the steel columns from which it is suspended nor the independent floating terrace break the taut skin.” Philip Johnson's Glass House Mies Van der Rohe's Farnsworth House Who's watching? Bauhaus, Dessau Farnsworth House, lit at night Voyeurism, peeking through the keyhole Privacy Glass, Transparent LED diodes injected into glass panels can be used in domestic and commercial interiors and facades Glass touch screen technology Overall, both glass and plastic have had a significant impact on the way humans live their daily lives. both products have unique advantages, and with recent technological advances these pros are becoming greater and more diverse. Glass and plastic as materials are ever evolving, and will continue to change the world with innovation, intuition and sustainable possibilities. Group 3- Lucy Harrison, Matt Dellabosca, Louise McClelland, Georgia Farrell
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