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Hamlet: A Psychological Approach
Transcript of Hamlet: A Psychological Approach
-Sigmund Freud introduced the concept in his Interpretation of Dreams (1899). Most influential period The Psychoanalysis of Major Characters Psychoanalysis of Hamlet Sigmund Freud Psychosexual Development Dreams Unconscious desires id ego superego Connects writer to reader via emotion Freud's Heyday Freud's psychoanalysis and consequent Psychological Criticism reached its height in the twentieth century
Most of Freud's works became "heretical" during the Nazi regime, but resurfaced after World War Two Greatest Sphere of influence Those who favored Psychological criticism were fans of Freud's work
10.1% Catholic Two cities where Psychological criticism is popular are Los Angeles and Manhattan According to Freud's psychosexual theory, Hamlet would be repressed in the third stage of development, called the phallic stage.
This is called an Oedipus Complex.
This is shown because Hamlet is angry with his mother for sleeping with Claudius. He is also angry with Claudius for taking her away from him.
This jealousy is what fuels his anger for the entire play. Ex: Oedipus Psychoanalysis of Claudius Freud would say that Claudius' power-hungry tendencies are due to his id.
The id controls the libido, hunger and aggression urges.
His murder of his brother conflicts with his superego, or his moral conscious.
His ego tries to make a compromise between his id and superego and uses defense mechanisms such as sublimation - Theban hero Oedipus of Greek legend, who unknowingly slew his father and married his mother
- Its female analogue, the Electra complex, is named for another mythological figure, who helped slay her mother. Psychoanalysis of Ophelia Freud would say that Ophelia drove herself to suicide because of her death drive.
People who have experienced trauma have a tendency to repeat it
Ophelia was traumatized by her father's death, and emulated her trauma through her own death. Sigmund Freud Psychoanalysis of Gertrude Freud would anaylze that Gertrude's desire for affection and status is due to her id, ego, and superego not being in proper balance.
The id is the reservoir of impulses of libido and power.
Her superego is constantly striving for perfection, and punishes the moves of the ego and id with thoughts of guilt, anxiety and inferiority.
Her ego, trying to make sense of her thoughts and reality, launches defense mechanisms such as denial, and reaction formation.