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Understanding Nature Deficit Disorder and Incorporating Nature into the Educational Learning Environment

EPSE 570.3 Individual Project in Special Education

Laura Glass

on 15 July 2011

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Transcript of Understanding Nature Deficit Disorder and Incorporating Nature into the Educational Learning Environment

Nature Deficit Disorder (NDD) Traditional Native North American Beliefs and Traditions NDD and the Causes Informal Diagnosis Effects on Children Applying it to the
Learning Environment Connections
to Nature (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Obesity Attention Disorders Anxiety &
Depression Classroom Design
and Transformation Transforming
School Grounds Benefits Steps
Required Site Design
Ideas Nature and the Outdoor Classroom ROSIE The Reggio Approach Nature and the Classroom Benefits Purpose of Workshop Categories Personal Introduction Family Photo My name is Laura Glass and I am a resource teacher in Saskatoon. My passion is transforming learning environments into calm and inspiring work spaces. I have 2 children; Ethan and Emma. Ethan enjoys Karate and the outdoors. Emma is a Highland dancer and a piano player. My husband Dan, is a pilot for WestJet Airlines and enjoys travelling. I enjoy running, reading, and collecting Smurfs! We have a Yorkie named Ember! The purpose of this workshop is: to inform educators about Nature Deficit Disorder and how the lack of nature in our lives can contribute to the disturbing trends of obesity, depression, anxiety, and attention disorders in children to show how nature can be incorporated into the learning environment and its benefits. Nature Deficit Disorder Native North American Traditions and Beliefs Nature and the Classroom Nature and the Outdoor Learning Environment Nature-Deficit Disorder (NDD) is not a medical condition or formal diagnosis; it is a description of the negative effects that can happen when faced with a lack of nature in one’s life. Causes: Sedentary Lifestyle Spending more time on Media Devices Criminalization of nature play Fear of violence/abduction and restricted to fenced in backyard Determine if you or your family suffers from NDD! http://www.canadianliving.com/family/parenting/quiz_is_your_family_suffering_from_nature_deficit_disorder.php Scoring
41 or more:Nature freaks
25 to 40:Outdoorsy types
10 to 24:Get out more
Less than 10:Get outside …stat! Obesity Attention Disorders Anxiety
Depression Students who spend most of their time indoors are at a greater risk of developing anxiety and depression. Nature offers a nurturing solitude, peacefulness, and relaxation. The Childhood Obesity Foundation reported that
obesity rates in children have almost tripled in the last 25 years. Children are more physically active when they are outside - –a boon at a time of sedentary lifestyles and epidemic overweight The Journal of Attention Disorders indicated that children are able to concentrate better and for longer periods of time after they have been in and interacted with a pleasing natural habitat like a city park, golf estate, or conservation area. The Native North Americans emphasize a close relationship with nature and see themselves as part of nature Herbs, plants, and berries that were gathered by the Native peoples can be brought in to grow in the window sills A storytelling area can be set up for students to tell traditional Native stories Pictures and symbols were used to tell their stories and had deep meaning.Students could design a picture that describes their favourite story told in the storytelling area Steps
Required Site Design
Ideas Principles
of Design Inspiring Spaces for Young Children describes how a learning environment goes through stages and includes seven different principles. The ROSIE is designed to assess the learning environments of young children. This assessment correlates with the Seven Principles of Design. http://secure.smilebox.com/ecom/openTheBox?sendevent=4d5451794f5459324e54513d0d0a&blogview=true&campaign=blog_instructions_directurl_makeyourown The entrance areas are welcoming, the layout is tidy and practical and the atmosphere is calm and joyful. Open-ended resources and equipment encourage curiosity, creativity and communication. The overall impression is of a beautiful place to be. Please view the link below to see one of my office transformations! ROSIE encourages you to evaluate your classroom from a new perspective by considering and observing aesthetic design elements such as colour, focal points, texture, lighting, displays, and the use of space and nature. The Reggio Approach Principles
of Design ROSIE Nature provides elements of design that are original and cost effective Nature provides an infinite supply of sensory experiences Nature conveys a sense of calmness and tranquility for both children and adults Nature can generate great interest among your students because of their riveting content and real-world focus One of the most important benefits of bringing nature into the classroom is being able to incorporate North American Native beliefs and traditions During the past decade, thousands of schools have begun to take a good, hard look at their grounds and realize the enormous potential for transforming barren expanses of asphalt and worn-out grass into exciting natural spaces for learning, playing, and socializing 1. Build consensus and a team 2. Survey people in the community 3. Evaluate and choose your site 4. Draft your plan Site designs should include separate plans:
a base site,
the site conditions
the people and vehicle routes
comments about the school yard
the spaces that can be greened Vegetable garden plots A wet area A tall or short grass prairie An outdoor seating area Feeding stations and nest boxes • It reduces anti-social behaviour such as violence, bullying, vandalism, and littering Social stresses in the classroom are diminished when young people are engaged in learning through improving their surroundings • Hands-on activities in outdoor classrooms make learning more interesting • The less-quantifiable, long-term benefits associated with physical activity out of doors • Both absenteeism and drop-out levels decline as school life grows more meaningful for older students Understanding Nature Deficit Disorder and Incorporating Nature into the Educational Learning Environment By Laura Glass EPSE 570
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