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An Incident in the Ghobashi Household

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Megan Loo

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of An Incident in the Ghobashi Household

Short-Story Analysis An Incident in the Ghobashi Household Theme Who do you think holds
more power in a society:
Males or Females? Allusions Literary Devices Individual vs. Society Conflicts born in Cairo, Egypt
proud of her Arab heritage and traditions, but always "defied" it in some manner
was in a patriarchal society and family About the Author: Alifa Rifaat Setting Physical/Geographical:
-rural "The Ghobashi house stood on the outskirts of the village [...]" (Rifaat 158).
-own 2 kirats of land

Chronological: 1900s

- North African culture (Arabic and Islamic)
Women wears djellaba
- lower-middle class
have to work to pay off Hamdan's wage
Mr.Gobashi is working to buy Ni'ma a dress of "pure silk" (Rifaat 160) Characters Ni'ma Ghobashi(Round/dynamic) sneaky, reckless, rash

She "was hanging out her towels at the time of her period every month just as though nothing had happened, and here she is in her fourth month and there's nothing showing" (Rifaat 160) Zeinat Ghobashi(Round/dynamic) strong, sympathetic, religious

"Calm down and let's find some solution before [Ni'ma's] father returns" (Rifaat 160)
"Ghobashi has left a whole load on her shoulders: the children, two kirats of land, and the buffalo." Ghobashi (Flat) responsible, caring, selfish

He leaves the children and the "whole load on [Zeinat's] shoulders" (Rifaat 160)while he goes off to find a "marriage dress for [Ni'ma] of pure silk" (Rifaat 160) Hamdan (Flat) Immature, not committed, young

"His account is with Allah. He's fine and doesn't have a worry in the world" (Rifaat 161) Exposition Rising Action Zeinat finds out that Ni'ma is pregnant
Hints to Ni'ma that she knows she is pregnant
"Are you going to be able to carry the grain to the market, daughter, or will it be too heavy for you?" Inciting Incident Climax Zeinat confronts Ni'ma about her pregnancy and asks "since when has the buffalo been with young?" (Rifaat 159) Ni'ma asks what they "want the money for" and Zeinat replies by sarcastically asking if they "need to pay off Hamdan's wage" (Rifaat 159). Dénouement Resolution Zeinat tells her daughter to give birth in Cairo, the big city, and bring her child back at the dead of night without anybody hearing or seeing her. Umm al-Khair (Flat) polite, friendly

- Zeinat's neighbour The mother stops Ni'ma from going to the day's market. She tells Umm Al-Khair that Ni'ma will be staying at their cousin's place for the time being. Historical Information: Egypt Majority were Muslim
Arranged marriages was very common
Most of the marriages was done within the same level of class (upper-class, lower-class
The girls (as young as 14 at marriage)were responsible for chores and taking care of children Motifs Buffalo Basket Daily prayers Imagery Personification Connotation/metaphor Plot Zeinat finds out that Ni'ma got pregnant before getting married and sends her to Cairo to give birth to her child so they can hide her pregnancy from the village and Mr.Ghobashi Djellaba Women's identities are
determined by place
in society born in Cairo, Egypt
proud of her Arab heritage and
traditions, but always "defied" it in
some manner
was in a patriarchal society and
family Religion Djellaba Individual vs. Individual Baset Cosmetic Jar with Baset on top FIN Narrative Voice Third-person Limited Works Cited "Fatma Abdalla Rifaat." Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 31 Oct. 2012.
"Female Occupations in Ancient Egypt. Womens Jobs. Work." Female Occupations in Ancient Egypt. Womens Jobs. Work. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2012.
Rifaat, Alifa. “An Incident in the Ghobashi Household”. The Storyteller. London: Nelson Canada, 1958. 158-162. Print
"The Status of Women in Egyptian Society." The Role of Women in Ancient Egypt. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2012.
"World Literature Online: Alifa Rifaat." World Literature Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. by: Cindy Wang, Sarah Park, and Megan Loo
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