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Rome and Religion
Transcript of Rome and Religion
The Fall of Rome
The Roman Empire weakened starting in 180 CE due to:
poor leadership and civil wars
threat of invaders to both the east and west of the empire
out of control military spending, worthless money, and inflation
Polytheistic: belief in more than one god
Monotheistic: belief in one god
Persecute: to treat someone cruelly or unfairly especially because of race or religious or political beliefs
Byzantine art was greatly influenced by Christianity – most Byzantine art, architecture, and literature was based on religious themes.
Byzantine art is named after the capital of the Roman/Byzantine Empire, but many artists were from other regions, including Italy and Russia.
Much Byzantine art was in the form of mosaics, pictures created with tiny colored tiles of glass, stone, or clay fitted together and cemented in place.
Often some of the tiles contained gold, making the whole picture glitter.
Christian art often included icons - paintings or sculptures of sacred figures - which some Christians objected to starting in the 700s
Icons were outlawed in the east in 726 - church leaders in the west rejected this
Icons were permitted in 843 - church leaders in the east rejected this
Early Roman Religion
Early Romans were polytheistic
Christianity is monotheistic
Christianity attracted many followers with its teaching that all people, regardless of wealth or status, were welcomed into the religion
By 300 CE, about 10% of Romans were Christian
Roman rulers saw Christianity as a threat and began to persecute Christians
a dramatic rise in prices
built on the site of the tiny village of Byzantine in the eastern half of the Roman Empire
the east was richer and better defended
trade center because of its position between Asia and Europe
guarded against attack by the Mediterranean and Black Seas and fortified walls
Constantinople was the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, later the Byzantine Empire, for more than 1,000 years (from 395 – 1453).
Constantine rose to power in 312 and put an end to the civil wars
Issued the Edict of Milan in 313, which cemented religious tolerance for Christians within the Roman Empire
Eastern and Western Differences
Western clergy were not allowed to marry
Patriarchs in western cities ruled both the church and the government
The pope in Rome had supreme religious authority
Eastern clergy were allowed to marry
The eastern emperor did not govern the church
Eastern Christians looked to councils to settle major issues
The Great Schism of 1054
Think of something that is important to you.
Rip construction paper into small pieces and form them into a mosaic.