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SS4 ,Unit 3: Statehood , Revolution , & Antebellum

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Sulekha Said

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of SS4 ,Unit 3: Statehood , Revolution , & Antebellum

Causes of the
American Revolution Influential People Early Statehood The Antebellum Era SUMMARY The
REVOLUTION Battle of Lexington & Concord, April 19, 1775-

Battle of Kettle Creek, February 1779

Siege of Savannah, September 1779

Battle of Yorktown, October 1781 French & Indian War Tories (Loyalists)


Patriots


Quakers, Mennonites, & Moravians


Redcoats Georgia History Following the United States's victory in the war, Georgia found itself having difficulty adjusting to its individuality. To make life in a free country more ubiquitous, GA was the fourth state to have ratified the US Constitution. Cotton production was made simple with the invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney, which helped speed the process. This brought many benefits to the economy. Settlers and land companies began developing Georgia rapidly during the 1790's. In 1795, land companies bribed state legislators to sell them Georgia land for about a cent and a half per acre (four cents per hectare). The companies planned to sell the land, which covered much of present-day Alabama and Mississippi, at great profit. This scheme came to be know as the Yazoo Fraud, because the Yazoo River flowed through part of the land. Later in 1795, angry Georgians elected a new legislature that repealed the sale the next year. But many buyers refused to give up their purchases. In 1802 Georgia sold its lands west of the Chattachoochee River to the federal government. The United States promised to settle the land claims of the Yazoo companies. In 1810 the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the sales were legal. Congress voted in 1814 to pay more than $4,200,000 to settle the Yazoo claims. The federal government also promised to remove the Indians from Georgia. By 1827, the Creek Indians had sold all their land in Georgia to the United States and moved to the Arkansas Territory. In 1838, federal troops rounded up the last of the Cherokee Indians in Georgia and forced them to move to the Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma. As the Indians left, settlers quickly cleared the former Indian land and planted cotton. By 1840 Georgia had begun developing an extensive railway system. This era was a period of turmoil and controversy, filled with many amends to the functionality of this nation regarding the French & Indian War ultimately resulted in the Revolution because taxes were forced upon the colonists
the Revolution was fought between Great Britain and its supporters- Tories/ Loyalists- vs. Patriots
the war began in 1775 in Lexington, MA and ended 1873 with the signing of the Treaty of Paris
GA faced several hardships adapting to the concept of freedom; the Yazoo Land Fraud scammed many, but the economy became highly sufficient due to the impact of the cotton gin. Indians were removed from their turf in GA by the govt.
"manifest destiny" led to the expansion of our nation's boundaries
the Southern states wanted to secede because slavery was soon to be abolished, states' rights became an issue, the advancement of the Republican party occurred, and economic factors were at stake Did you know ?? 4,345 loyal citizens perished fighting for our nation's independence. Statehood, Revolution, & Antebellum I N D E P E N D E N C E When both Great Britain and France desired the boundaries of the Ohio River, war erupted as each nation desperately tried at a chance to optimize their empire. Finally, in 1763, Great Britain defeats the French and Indians in triumph. Unfortunately, a thriving victory resulted in massive war debt for Great Britain, and, because the colonies were still under the rule of the king, they were burdened with taxes to assist in paying off the debt. Naturally, this enraged the colonists. And so they retaliated. Sugar Act (1764) Stamp Act (1765) Townshend Act (1767): a tax on sugar and molasses imported from the West Indies Taxes on items such as:
newspapers
legal documents
licenses All imported tea, glass, paper, and paint colorings were taxed under this rule. As a result of the "taxation without representation,'' the colonists felt the urge to question authority. Thus began countless battles and boycotts as the troubled nation yearned for INDEPENDENCE. Following a decade of agitation over taxes and a year of war, our nation's independence was at long last declared in 1776, with the official signing of the Declaration of Independence. We commemorate this treasured day in history as the 4th of July -- Tea Act (1773) Act that established all tea
imported from the East Indies
was to be sold directly to
the colonies, not through
Great Britain. By
Jordan Richards
&
Sulekha Said Boston Tea Party 1760 - 1860 Boston Massacre (1776) Independence Day. Boston Tea Party (1773), which led to the Intolerable Acts as punishment for their crude behavior in dumping 342 chests of English tea into the Boston Bay. The first shots of this legendary war rang out here. 1775 - 1783 1838 - 1860 First war victory in Georgia! (: Those who resisted any conflict against the King of England; loyal to the king. Those who seeked independence, and wanted to be a separate nation from that of Great Britain. British soldiers Pacifists who did not agree with the policy of war due to religious objections. Included groups such as Liberty Boys & Sons of Liberty. Paul Revere, Nancy Hart, George Washington Treaty of Paris: document signed in 1783 by Great Britain, France, and the United States formally ending the war and giving us our individuality. The colonists' attempt to regain Savannah after Great Britain took control. Unfortunately, they failed. The last battle of the war, fought in Yorktown in 1871. A victory for American forces. politics, economics, & culture. The North and South had many contradicting views in this times. Differences between the two revolved around these three aspects. These opposing beliefs ultimately led to the secession of the South, also contributed to by the election of Abraham Lincoln, sectionalism, & states' rights.
South Carolina was the first state to secede, followed by angered southern states. Thus formed the Confederate States of America. "Manifest Destiny" became a popular concept, meaning people believed it was their God-given right to occupy as much territory as possible. Creation of the Republican Party Agriculture was the main source of economics Slavery was a way of life in the South
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