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Illegal Activities in the 1920's

Great Gatsby Seminar
by

Giulia Coletta

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Illegal Activities in the 1920's

By: Giulia, Christopher, Kerr
and Jezareel

Illegal Activities in the
1920's

Fixing of the 1919 World Series
Police Bribery and Corruption
Cincinnati Reds
Al 'Scarface' Capone
Chicago
Infamous mobster
"Public Enemy #1"
Leader of the Five Points Gang
Johnny Torio - mentor
Was handed over the business
Prohibition/Bootlegging
History of Bootlegging
Bootlegging
What is a 'Gangster'?
mobsters
member of a gang
organized crime
professional criminals
Roaring Twenties
prostitution, murder and illegal exports
police bribery
Baseball Players Involved
Gangsters Involved
At a Glance
Black Sox Scandal
vs.
Chicago White Sox
Prohibition
The Eighteenth Amendment began on January 16th, 1920
Started by women
Ended in 1933
Purpose:
Reduce crime
Lower taxes
Reduce social problems
Stop alcohol abuse
Reality:
Became more dangerous
Bootlegging began
Crime rate increased
Started after the prohibition
Gangs began to form
Would sell illegal alcohol in Speakeasies, restaurants, night clubs and other retail outlets
Abe Attell
Arnold Rothstein
Joseph "Sport" Sullivan
History of Gangs
Irish Gangs:
Whyos
Dead Rabbits
Italian Gang:
Five Points
Jewish Gang:
Monk Eastman
Smuggle Alcohol
Smuggling Alcohol:
Canadian and Mexican borders
Bahamas
Cuba
St. Pierre
Southern coast of Newfoundland
Bootleggers would create their own alcohol
"Medicinal Whiskey"
Denatured Alcohol
Their own mixtures of liquor
OR
"He and this Wolfsheim bought up a lot of side-street drug-stores here and in Chicago and sold grain alcohol over the counter." (127)
Meyer Wolfsheim - gangster?
"They can't get him, old sport. He's a smart man." (72)
Took part in illegal activities

"He's the man who fixed the World's Series back in 1919" (71)
"Meyer Wolfsheim? No he's a gambler."(71)
Police Bribery
GATSBY
"I picked him for a bootlegger the first time I saw him, and I wasn't far wrong." (127)
Police Bribery
1920s Police Department
underfunded, understaffed and underpaid
the Untouchables
Agent Eliot Ness
"Taking a white card from his wallet, he waved it before the man's eyes. 'Right you are,' agreed the policeman, tipping his cap...'I was able to do the commissioner a favour once, and he sends me a Christmas card every year." (67)
Advantages
Disadvantages
- cease the pursuit of a criminal violation
- liability
- withhold evidence
- framing
The Great Gatsby
(5)
(3)
baseball's elite
upstarts
5-1 favourites
underdogs
Meyer Wolfshiem
"'Meyer Wolfshiem? No he's a gambler... 'He's the man who fixed the World Series back in 1919'" (71).
Aftermath
nearly half were on
Capone's payroll
8 players banned from the league
3 man crew of MLB commissioners reduced to 1
"Shoeless" Joe Jackson is refused admittance into the Hall of Fame
Full transcript