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Society and Culture with Family Planning
Transcript of Society and Culture with Family Planning
According to Wikipedia.org:
A human society is a group of people involved in persistent interpersonal relationships, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Human societies are characterized by patterns of relationships (social relations) between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions; a given society may be described as the sum total of such relationships among its constituent members. In the social sciences, a larger society often evinces stratification or dominance patterns in subgroups.
Society : Definition
Is the Foundation of the Society.
Without this there would be no group life.
For instance, interaction is the major process for the socialization on an individual from birth to death which exists in every culture.
Social interactions are the acts, actions, or practices of two or more people mutually oriented towards each other's selves, that is, any behavior that tries to affect or take account of each other's subjective experiences or intentions. This means that the parties to the social interaction must be aware of each other--have each other's self in mind.
This is the disassociate form of social interaction.
In every institution there is competition and competition may be called as struggle between two or more individuals, who are striving to get something which relatively limited.
This does not mean being in sight of or directly behaving towards each other. Friends writing letters are socially interacting, as are enemy generals preparing opposing war plans. Social interaction is not defined by type of physical relation or behavior, or by physical distance. It is a matter of a mutual subjective orientation towards each other. Thus even when no physical behavior is involved, as with two rivals deliberately ignoring each other's professional work, there is social interaction.
According to Merrill:
"This is the process of contact where the behavior modifies slightly"Modifies Slightly".
Dowson and Getty:
"Is the process whereby men inter-penetrate the mind of each other."
Society, Social Interaction and Social Process
Structure, Culture and Process
Individual to Individual
- Person to Person
Individual to Group
- Person to Group
Group to Group
- Group to Group
Individual to Culture
-Norms and Customs
Forms of Social Interactions
Types of Social Interaction and Social Process
- Assimilation and Acculturation
No society can develop without cooperation. In Pakistani society we find a few example of cooperation.
In the farms the rural cooperate with their neighbors in watering the crops, harvesting the crops.
In urban areas the people cooperate with each other in different ways. Such cooperation is found between the customer and shop keepers, teachers, and students, the owner and the laborers, the doctors and the patients.
Society : Definition
According to Dictionary Reference:
-an organized group of persons associated together for religious, benevolent, cultural, scientific,political, patriotic, or other purposes.
-a body of individuals living as members of a community; community.
-the body of human beings generally, associated or viewed as members of a community: the evolution of human society.
-a highly structured system of human organization for large-scale community living that normally furnishes protection, continuity, security, and a national identity for its members: American society.
-such a system characterized by its dominant economic class or form: middle-class society; industrial society.
Society : Definition
According to Merriam-Webster's Dictionary:
: people in general thought of as living together in organized communities with shared laws, traditions, and values
: the people of a particular country, area, time, etc., thought of especially as an organized community
: people who are fashionable and wealthy
Forms of Competition
Personal and Impersonal Competition
Formal and Informal Competition
Intra and Inter Group Competition
Formal and Informal competition
Formal competition is that has structured rules and regulations. It has written rules to be followed, otherwise the violator will be punished.
Informal competition is no written rules and regulations but some unwritten set rules are to be followed in primitive or folk societies.
Personal and Impersonal competition
Personal competition takes place in society when the individuals or groups competing with one another and the competition is face to face contact between opposing party.
Impersonal involves struggle between or groups not directly aware of each other.
Intra and Inter Group Competition
Intra competition is occurs within the community. This is within the same community or village.
Inter competition is occurs between the communities and group. The competition between two or more teams of different districts or provinces or the countries.
When people are competing
for inadequate materials and non material product
Objects of Conflict:
Fields of Conflict
Conflicts can be in there Fields
Difference between Competition and Conflict
-competition is the continuous process and it never ends.
-it is unconscious and
the individuals and groups are not aware of it.
-It encourage hard work
-Its is based on non-violence.
-It is not continuous process at some stage it must come to an end.
-it is personal
-it is conscious and the individual and groups are aware and know each other.
-It discourages hard work for law in conflict
-Violent methods may be used in conflict.
characterized as spontaneous and involves mutual give and take.
characterized as deliberate contractual natures and prescribes the reciprocal rights and obligations of members
Social Interaction and
Adjustment of man to both natural man-made environment
It means two dissimilar individuals or groups which become similar by removing their cultural differences.
the first step in assimilation is acculturation. In other words it is the cultural modification.
Society as a Structure
Society is a structure since it serves as the identification of the different classes in the society. The idealism of having everyone in the social structure to be equal isn't and will never be possible. There must be a social rank in the societal structure to maintain identity. Thus, there will be considered elite and impoverished people.
Society as a Culture
Society as a culture leads back again to identity. The kind of society of a nation portrays the nation's image. A culture-rich nation may probably mean a good and developed society. The identity is again essential. Social culture is more often the basis and foundation of contemporary social structures. Thus, society as culture identifies the society itself.
Society as a Process
When we talk about process, we may say there is an on-going development. Society itself is a continuous evolution of a nation. Whatever happens to a nation, may it be good or bad, and there is a butterfly effect. The effect may not be obvious contemporary but, in the future, it will be reflected.