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Chapter 9: Presidential Leadership

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by

Michael Mannino

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 9: Presidential Leadership

3) When Presidents expanded their powers
- Jefferson acquiring the Louisiana Territory from France.

- Lincoln during the American Civil War

- FDR during the Great Depression

- George W. Bush after the terrorist attacks on
9/11/2001
5) Marbury v. Madison (1803)-
The Supreme Court established Judicial Review - the ability to determine an act of Congress unconstitutional

6) Youngstown Sheet v. Sawyer (1952)-
Limited the president's power that COULD threaten national security.

7) Hamdi v. Rumsfeld (2004) -
the US couldn't indefinitely lock up suspected terrorists without giving them a chance to challenge their detention in court.
8) the President's Role
Head of State:
Represents the nation & performs ceremonial roles, by serving as hosts to foreign visiting leaders.

Chief Executive:
Carries out & enforces the laws of Congress. In charge of federal departments & agencies
.

Chief Legislator:
Proposes legislation for Congress to consider.

Economic Planner:
Submits annual economic reports & prepares the annual budget pending Congressional approval.


Chapter 9: Presidential Leadership
1) Main responsibility of the Executive Branch?

To enforce the laws passed by Congress

2) Where are the powers of the president?

Article II of the Constitution.


4) Four ways Congress can Limit the President
- Override a presidential veto (2/3rd majority of both chambers of Congress

- The Senate refusing to confirm a presidential nomination

- the House of Reps. NOT approving the president's budget


- Impeachment & Conviction (removal)
of the president.
8) Continued

Party Leader:
Helps support members of his/her party. Sets policies that the party should take up.

Chief Diplomat:
Directs foreign policy, responds to international emergencies.

Commander in Chief:
In charge of the nation's armed forces, conducts military decisions. Can order the armed forces abroad & domestically.
Presidential Leadership & Skills

Understanding the Public:
Know & understand the American people, their hopes, fears & moods of the nation. Failure to understand the public could damage credibility.


Ability to Communicate:
Must be able to communicate well, to build public support for policies.
Sense of Timing:
Must know when to introduce a new policy or delay a proposed policy.
Ability to Compromise:
Able to give up some demands for something in return. Compromising is important to getting a president's agenda approved by Congress.

Political Courage:
the president must go against public opinion at times and take political risks.
United States v. Nixon
(1974):
The Supreme Court ruled that Executive Privilege can't be used if there is a scandal in the executive branch (the Watergate Scandal)
Openness to New Ideas:
Be flexible, be open to new ideas & opinions.
Full transcript