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AGH Unit 1: Chapter 2 Lesson 2: Coming of Independence
Transcript of AGH Unit 1: Chapter 2 Lesson 2: Coming of Independence
Chapter 2 Lesson 2
Coming of Independence
Text pg. 36-42
Set up your notes page with the flow chart depicted below.
Chapter 2 Lesson 2 Objectives
SWBAT analyze colonial reactions to British policies after the French and Indian war and examine major events that would lead to the Declaration of Independence and American Revolution.
Stamp Act and Stamp Act Congress 1765
The Stamp Act
required the purchase of special paper from England for newspapers, legal documents, and even playing cards.
Boston Massacre 1770
Boston Tea Party 1773
A new Tea Act by England creates a monopoly for East India Trading Company and hurts colonial merchants.
"Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death" and Lexington and Concord 1775
1 month later "The shot heard 'round the world" occurs at Lexington and Concord - war has begun.
Declaration of Independence 1776
The map shows pre and post war boundaries. All lands beyond the proclamation line were reserved for Native Americans. How might the colonists have felt about this?
French and Indian War 1754-1763
Colonies responded with the
Stamp Act Congress
- denied England's "taxation without representation" policy.
Also known as the 7 Years War - fought between England and France for domination of North America
Albany Plan of Union
Proclamation of 1763
The Albany Plan of Union was written by Benjamin Franklin
Marked the first time the 13 colonies considered coming together for their mutual defense against the French and Indian forces.
This was originally drawn by Benjamin Franklin to win support for the Albany Plan. How has this image been used today?
The Albany Plan would fail, in part, because the individual colonies were hesitant to give up some of their sovereignty.
The war was very expensive for England. To pay off the war debts England would need to raise money through taxes.
The end of the French and Indian War in 1763 was cause for celebration among the colonists! They now set their sights on moving westward to the new lands gained from England's victory!
1. What part of the image best represents how the colonists felt about the Stamp Act? Why?
2. What statement on the stamp indicates how the Act was to be enforced?
The cartoon is a parody (comic imitation) meant to illustrate colonial views of the Stamp Act
The first cartoon was done by a colonialist. It is mocking the British Lord William on stilts fishing for popularity in the Atlantic after the Stamp Act disaster. The second cartoon is a British cartoon depicting colonists forcing tea down the throat of an English tax collector.
How does the British cartoon depict the colonists? How does this differ from the colonial cartoon?
The Declaratory Acts
Parliament repeals the Stamp Act BUT claims that the American colonies are "subordinate" to England and that England has full / absolute power and authority over the colonies.
"....That all resolutions, votes, orders, and proceedings in any of the colonies ... are hereby declared to be utterly null and void..."
- Declaratory Acts, 1766
Colonists respond by boycotting certain English imports (items brought from England and sold in colonies).
Colonists respond by boarding three tea ships dressed as Native Americans, break open the chests of tea, and dump the tea into Boston Harbor.
Intolerable Acts and the First Continental Congress 1774
The Intolerable Acts were a series of measures designed to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party.
Colonists felt that this legislation violated their rights as Englishmen and their natural rights as human beings.
Closed Boston Harbor
Took away the right of self-government in Massachusetts
Allow British troops to be quartered in colonial buildings and homes.
Colonists respond by forming the First Continental Congress to debate a plan of action - sends a Declaration of Rights to King then waits for his response.
Identify and describe 2 events that would lead to the First Continental Congress.
England responds to First Continental Congress's Declaration of Rights with stricter laws
Virginia at the time is the largest and most powerful colony, but is unsure whether to declare independence and gear up for war.
Patrick Henry's speech "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death" helps convince them.
Chapter 2 Lesson 2 Assessment
Directions: Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper. Hold on to your answers when you finish, we will Trade-N-Grade!
1. This was the first attempt to join the colonies together for their mutual defense.
2. Identify 2 laws set forth in the Intolerable Acts.
3. What was the purpose of the First Continental Congress.