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Transcript of Andrew Jackson
Jackson's Early Life
Andrew Jackson was born March 15, 1767 in the Wax-haw settlement, which was a community of Scotch-Irish immigrants along the border of North and South Carolina. His father died before he was born which caused is mother, along with her three young boys, to move in with her Crawford relatives. Jackson attended local schools, where he received an elementary-level education and possibly a little higher education after that. The Revolutionary War made Jackson grow up and end his childhood quickly, with the war wiping out his entire immediate family. Ragged and rough, Andrew and his brother Robert fought with the American irregulars in the savage Carolina backcountry, because they were not old enough for formal soldiering. Orphaned and a veteran of war at 15, Jackson roamed the countryside, then went and studied law in North Carolina. Serving as a public prosecutor in Nashville, Andrew thrived on the rising new frontier. In 1791, he began living with Rachel Donelson Robards, whose was separated from her husband. The y were officially married in 1794, after her divorce. While she was still married, they began to live together, which aroused many problems during Jackson's political career later on.
Sectionalism & Nationalism
Was Jackson a democrat?
Like Jefferson, Jackson believed that republican government should be simple, the better buy, and accessible. He felt the abolition of national debt during his administration was a personal triumph. Jackson was both a fiery patriot and a strident partisan. By most, Jackson is considered to be both a republican and a democrat.
Expansion of Suffrage in U.S.
The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by Andrew Jackson on May 28th, 1830. The Act authorized President Jackson to grant unsettle lands west of the Mississippi, to Native Americans, instead of lands within state boarders. During the Fall/Winter of 1838-1839, the Cherokee nation was forced West by the U.S. government in the form of a march. This march is now known as the Trail of Tears. An estimated 4,000 Native Americans marched along the Trail of Tears, and of that, only half survived. Jackson originally outlined his policy in his Second Annual Message to Congress on December 6, 1830.
Also known as Patriotism
Nationalism is the deep belief in one's country and the desire for its success.
EX: the recently United States during the Revolutionary War
Sectionalism is the want to make ones territory or area succeed.
Sectionalism is often considered narrow minded.
EX: The North and South during the Civil War
During the 19th century, common social and religious customs encouraged women to remain focused on home life once married. Despite this, women were vital supporters in all reform movements during the 1800's. Their participation was greatly motivated by the Second Great Awakening, a major Protestant religious movement. Suffrage is the right of a citizen to vote in a democratic society. The first major women's suffrage development was the Seneca falls Convention, held on July 19th and 20th, 1848. This was several years after the end of Jackson's presidential term. Seneca Falls was the first women's suffrage convention in the United States. Though the convention was not publicized heavily, three hundred people were in attendance. Forty of these were men.
The American movement for women's suffrage did not come into major power until after the Civil War and the ratification of the 15th Ammendment, which gave male ex-slaves the right to vote.
by Allison Moore, Ethan Azam, Libby Walinder, and Stephanie Stokes
The name for The Spoils System was derived from the saying ,"To the victor goes the spoils." The Spoils System is an undemocratic way of getting votes in an election. The person requiring votes would promise government jobs to those who voted for him. This created problems in the actual government because people who were best qualified for the jobs were replaced with those who had given political support. While many states were already using the Spoils System, Jackson was the first president to ever use it on such a grand scale. Before Jackson was inaugurated as president, he planned to and eventually did replace 919 people in government jobs. At that time, that was more than 10% of jobs available in the government. Jackson defended this drastic action by claiming that the people previously in place were themselves corrupt. By replacing the "corrupt" people, he effectively shut down the government's ability to function at its highest ability.
It was clear that Jackson believed in nationalism very strongly. He believed in so much that he removed whole tribes of people to further allow America's growth.