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Photography Rules of Composition and Framing

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by

Christie Cutshall

on 28 November 2013

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Transcript of Photography Rules of Composition and Framing

Photography Rules of Composition and Framing
Leading Lines
Symmetry
Rule of Odds
Point of View
Rule of Thirds
Framing
Avoid the Middle
Texture
Patterns
Control your Background
Putting the subject in the middle makes for boring pictures.
Avoiding the middle makes photos more balanced.
Have students practice this by taking many off center pictures or by cropping pictures so that the subject is no longer in the middle.
Lines exist
everywhere!
Lines show the viewer where to look and guide their eyes around the photo.
Have students search for lines to capture around the classroom.
Imagine your frame is divided by two horizontal and two vertical lines.
Put the most important subject of your photo on the lines or at the intersections.
This makes for more interesting photographs.
Have students take pictures and draw the lines over the top to see if their photo aligns with the rule.

We are surrounded by natural and man-made symmetry.
Symmetry creates visual harmony.
Have students practice this by drawing symmetrical pictures, or by drawing half a picture and then holding it up to a mirror to see the symmetry.


Breaking the pattern in a photo adds drama and makes for visual interest.
Patterns are visually rhythmic and soothing.
Have students draw patterns and then search for simple patterns in their classroom.
Have students walk around the school with a piece of cardboard with a hole in it (to simulate a viewfinder) and look for framing.
Use your natural surroundings to add more meaning to a subject.
Texture draws a viewers attention to a photograph.
Use zoom and cropping to get very close to a subject to see the texture.
Have students feel different items while blindfolded and then draw pictures of what they feel. Challenge them to take photos encompassing that texture feel.
Odd numbers of objects are more interesting to view and easier for our brain to organize
Goes along with the rule of thirds.
This rule does not apply to large numbers (42 or 43 does not make a difference.)
Have students photograph even and odd numbers of objects to see the difference.
We view things in 3-D, But photos are 2-D.
Have students set up backgrounds to purposefully have comical pictures.

Also discuss
perspective photography
Different points of view make for very interesting photos.


Have students think about a story or a photo from a different point of view. How would your baby brother see this?
Be careful about what is behing your subjects.
By Christie Cutshall
10 rules of composition. (n.d.). Retrieved November 27, 2013, from MOHS Graphics Lab website: http://graphicslab.wordpress.com/10-rules-of-composition/

10 top photography and composition rules. (n.d.). Retrieved November 27, 2013, from Photography Madwebsite:http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography-composition-rules

Meyer, J. (2012, December 4). 10 rules of photo composition and why they work. Retrieved November 27, 2013, from Digital Camera World website: http://www.digitalcameraworld.com/2012/04/12/10-rules-of-photo-composition-and-why-they-work/

Rippy-Sigman, K. (2012, April 10). 10 photographic rules of composition and framing http://www.slideshare.net/krippysigman/10-photographic-rules-of-composition-and-framing
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