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OPENINGS and TERMS OF ADDRESS

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by

Karen Griffiths

on 5 October 2014

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Transcript of OPENINGS and TERMS OF ADDRESS

What can you say about the way a conversation opens between speakers and their use of address terms?

Now look at some of the Literary texts…

Look at the sheet.
In pairs, discuss and make notes on the following:

How each person introduces themselves – what tone and relationship do they establish?
What do you learn about the addressee in each conversation?
How the receptionist responds differently to each individual – why is this do you think?
What other factors might influence the way each individual introduces themself?


Establishing a tone with terms of address?

The Queen? (Your Majesty)
Prince Charles?(Your Royal Highness)
A High Court judge in session? (My lord)
A retired High Court Judge? (Sir)
The Archbishop of Canterbury? (Archbishop)
The Pope? (Your Holiness)
A Jewish religious leader ( Rabbi or Chief Rabbi)


How many did you get?

WHAT INFORMAL RITUALS CAN YOU IDENTIFY?


BACK TO THE KISSING….?

HOW DO FRIENDS GREET ONE ANOTHER?

Is this the main determining factor?
Did you decide that the way a conversation is opened is determined by:
Who is speaking
Where they are speaking
Why they are speaking
What they are speaking about

CONTEXT, CONTEXT, CONTEXT

Irving Goffman (1955) wrote an important study called

“THE PRESENTATION OF SELF IN EVERYDAY LIFE”

A collection of 6 essays that discussed the image we present of ourselves on a day to day basis.

Terms of address and introductions are often the first way we present ourselves – think about how you would feel if you had introduced yourself or greeted someone inappropriately – how would you feel?

WHERE DOES THIS ALL FIT IN?

What term of address should you use if meeting the following:
The Queen?
Prince Charles?
A High Court judge in session?
A retired High Court Judge?
The Archbishop of Canterbury?
The Pope?
A Jewish religious leader?




Do you know your forms of address?

ME, Myself and i!

WHO ARE YOU?

Terms of address as an introduction to face work and politeness theory.

Many conversations, whether formal or informal open with some form of introduction by a third party or self identification

SELF IDENTIFICATION

Some conversations open with a MARKER about what the topic of conversation is going to be:

“ I’d like you to tell me a bit more about this product…”

What KIND of TALK is this most likely to accompany?


TOPIC MARKERS

We often employ elision !

GOOD MORNING

GOOD AFTERNOON

GOOD EVENING

MANY GREETINGS REFER TO THE TIME OF DAY

CAN YOU THINK OF ANY?


Consider how you would open the conversation when asking a stranger for directions…

What others can you think of?

SOME SITUATIONS HAVE TRADITIONAL OPENERS…

In pairs, consider how many different ways of opening a conversation you can think of.

Consider the factors that influence the way you open a conversation.


THE OPENING OF A CONVERSATION

OPENINGS

THE BEGINNING OF TALK

Write down all of the names you have been addressed/introduced as and who called you them.



STARTER TASK

PHATIC

DO YOU REALLY CARE???

HOW ARE YOU?

HOW’S THINGS?

ALRIGHT?

SOME GREETINGS ENQUIRE AFTER A PERSON’S HEALTH…

Karen
Mate
Madam
Mum
Mummy
Mother!
Sis
Kaz
Auntie Kaka
Mrs G
She who must be obeyed!
What do you learn about the relationship from each term of address?
Full transcript